Foot and ankle Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Foot and ankle > Flashcards

Flashcards in Foot and ankle Deck (14):
1

What is the function of the medial ligament?

Resists over-eversion

2

What is the function of the lateral ligament?

Resists over-inversion

3

What is the most commonly fractured tarsal bone?

Talus

A image thumb
4

What are the five tarsal bones?

1. Calcaneus

2. Talus

3. Navicular

4. Cuboid

5. Cuneiformis

A image thumb
5

What landmark can be used to help find the dorsalis pedis pulse?

Externsor hallucis longus tendon

Lateral

A image thumb
6

What is the clinical term for bunions?

Hallux valgus

7

Which structures pass through the tarsal tunnel?

1. Tendon of the tibialis posterior

2. Tendons of the flexor digitorum longus

3. Posterior tibial artery

4. Associated veins

5. Tibial nerve

6. Tendon of the flexor hallucis longus

Tom, Dick And Very Naughty Harry

A image thumb
8

What makes the navicular prone to stress fractures?

Central navicular is in a watershed zone between the dorsalis pedis artery and the tibialis posterior artery

A image thumb
9

Which muscles are involved in foot eversion?

Fibularis longus and brevis (lateral - superficial fibular nerve)

Fibularis tertius (anterior - deep fibular nerve)

10

Which muscles are involved in foot inversion?

Tibialis anterior and posterior

11

What are the two major superficial veins of the lower limb?

Great saphenous

Small saphenous

12

Which veins form the great saphenous vein?

Dorsal venous arch of the foot

Dorsal vein of the great toe

(runs medially)

13

Which veins form the small saphenous vein?

Dorsal venous arch

Dorsal vein of the little toe

14

What is the venous drainage of the plantar arch?

Posterior tibial and fibular veins