The retrocalcaneal bursa is located between the
Achilles tendon and the superior calcaneal tuberosity
Which of the following shoe insert (orthosis) materials has the greatest shock-absorbing properties?
Cross-linked polyethylene foam
Gait phases when GS is firing
Toe off (concentric)
Foot flat (eccentric)
Gait phases when TA firing
Heel strike (eccentric)
Relationship FHL FDL
What differentiates stage I and II adult flat foot?
Stage I = no deformity just tenosynovitis
What differentiates stage IIa and IIb adult flat foot?
IIb has forefoot abduction ("too many toes" sign)
What differentiates stage II and III adult flat foot?
stage III is rigid and has subtalar arthritis
What differentiates stage III and IV adult flat foot?
stage IV has deltoid ligament compromise, talar tilt on x-rays, ankle symptoms
toe deformity distinctions