Forearm & Elbow Flashcards Preview

MRS270 > Forearm & Elbow > Flashcards

Flashcards in Forearm & Elbow Deck (13):
1

Pronation

Bent elbow

2

Supination

Extended elbow

3

ROM

Range of motion

4

Ulna head

Distal/wrist

5

Radial head

Proximal/elbow

6

Midshaft radius and ulnar fracture

Radius and ulnar are paired bones (both joined at wrist and elbow) if one breaks, the other is also affected/fractured/dislocated

7

Greenstick fracture

Cortex of one side of the one is bent and the other side is broken

8

Monteggia #

Fracture to the proximal ULNAR with concurrent dislocation of the radial head.

9

Galeazzi #

A fracture to the distal third of the RADIUS with a concurrent dislocation of the ulnar head (wrist)

10

Radial head fracture

Pain on pronation and supination is a sign of a radial head fracture because the radial head is what the forearm pivots on in pronation and supination.

11

Olecranon fracture

Olecranon - proximal end of the ulna (muscle attachment/part that pivots around the distal end of the humerus)

Olecranon fractures can be an avulsion fracture and often require ORIF to be repaired

12

Supracondylar fracture

A lot of potential for further/permanent damage due to brachial artery, nerve and muscle close by.

DO NOT MOVE ELBOW. Image as the patient presents. Often need to perform axial elbow when patient presents with elbow pronated/bent.

13

Pathological fracture

Fracture caused by a tumour or cyst in the bone (or other disease process) that weakens the bone and breaks it.