Fortification Flashcards Preview

Architecture Visual Dictionary by DK Ching > Fortification > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fortification Deck (54):
1

A defensive military work constructed for the purpose of strengthening a position.

Fortification

A image thumb
2

Surrounded by or as if by a rampart.

Circumvallate

A image thumb
3

A projection part of a rampart or other fortification, typically forming an irregular pentagon attached at the base to the main work.

Bastion

A image thumb
4

A gateway in a fortification permitting a large number of troops to move rapidly from the beseiged position and attack the besiegers.

Sally Port

A image thumb
5

A vault or chamber in a rampart, having embrasures for artillery.

Casemate

A image thumb
6

A vault or chamber in a rampart, having embrasures for artillery.

Curtain

A image thumb
7

The rear passageway into a bastion or similar outwork.

Gorge

A image thumb
8

The top platform or horizontal surface of a rampart where guns are mounted.

Terreplein

A image thumb
9

The part of a bastion that extends from the curtain to the face.

Flank

A image thumb
10

The angle between the face and the flank of a bastion.

Shoulder

A image thumb
11

Either of the two outer sides that form the salient of a bastion.

Face

A image thumb
12

A V-shaped outwork outside the main ditch of a fortress, covering the works between two bastions.

Ravelin

A image thumb
13

A minor defensive position established beyond a main fortified area.

Outwork

14

A slope extending downward in front of a fortification in such a way that it brings advancing enemy soldiers into the most direct line of fire.

Glacis

A image thumb
15

The inner slope or wall of the ditch surrounding a rampart.

Scarp or Escarp

A image thumb
16

The exterior slope or wall of the ditch surrounding a rampart.

Counter Scarp

A image thumb
17

A defensive wall or elevation of earth or stone protecting soldiers from enemy fire.

Parapet

A image thumb
18

A projecting course of stones below the parapet of a rampart.

Cordon

A image thumb
19

A ledge between the exterior slope of a rampart and the moat of a fortification.

Berm or Berme

A image thumb
20

A broad embankment of earth raised as a fortification around a place and usually surmounted by a parapet.

Rampart

A image thumb
21

A steep mound of earth surrounded by a ditch and surmounted by a timber stockade and tower.

Motte

A image thumb
22

A Norman Castle of the 10th through 12th centuries, consisting of a motte placed within a bailey.

Motte and Bailey

A image thumb
23

The outer wall of a castle or the courtyard enclosed by it.

Bailey

A image thumb
24

A fence of pales set firmly in the ground for enclosure or defense,

Palisade

A image thumb
25

A pointed stick or stake.

Pale

A image thumb
26

A small tower forming part of a larger structure, frequently beginning some distance above the ground.

Turret or Tourelle

A image thumb
27

A small overhanging turret on a wall or tower, often at a corner or near a gateway.

Bartizan

A image thumb
28

The innermost and strongest structure or tower of a medieval castle, used as a place of residence, esp. in times of siege.

Keep or Donjon

A image thumb
29

A subordinate or private place of worship or prayer within a larger complex.

Chapel

A image thumb
30

A fortified group of buildings usually dominating the surrounding country and held by a prince or noble in feudal times.

Castle

31

A fortress in a commanding position in or near a city, used in the control of the inhabitants and in defense during attack or siege.

Citadel

32

An open space within or between the walls of a castle.

Ward

A image thumb
33

An outwork on the approach to a castle or town, esp. a watchtower at the gate or drawbridge.

Barbican or Barbacan

A image thumb
34

A fortified wall encircling a castle or town, or the place so enclosed.

Enceinte

A image thumb
35

A parapet having a regular alternation of merlons and crenels, originally for defense but later used as a decorative motif.

Battlement or Embattlement

A image thumb
36

A lady's private chamber in a medieval castle.

Bower

37

A small rear door or gate to a fort or castle.

Postern

A image thumb
38

The privy of a medieval castle or monastery.

Necessarium or Garderobe

A image thumb
39

A temporary wooden fortification in medieval architecture, erected at the top of a wall during a siege.

Brattice

A image thumb
40

A continous gangway providing a means of communication behind the rampart of a fortified wall.

Chemin-de-ronde

A image thumb
41

A projecting gallery or parapet at the top of a castle wall, supported by a corbeled arches and having openings in the floor through which stones, molten lead, or boilding oil could be cast upon an enemy beneath.

Machicolation

A image thumb
42

A large hall serving as the main or central gathering space of a castle.

Great hall

A image thumb
43

A darkm often underground prison or cell, as in a medieval castle.

Dungeon

44

A secret dungeon having an opening only in the ceiling, through which prisoners were dropped.

Oubliette

A image thumb
45

One of the solid parts between the crenels of a battlements.

Merlon

A image thumb
46

Any of the open spaces alternating with the merlons of a battlement.

Crenel

A image thumb
47

Having battlements.

Crenelated

A image thumb
48

An opening, such as a loophole or crenel, through which missiles may be discharged.

Embrasure

A image thumb
49

A small aperture in the wall of a medieval castle used as a window or loophole.

Eyelet, Oillet, Oyelet

50

A small or narrow opening in a wall of a fortification for the discharge of missiles.

Loophole

A image thumb
51

A bridge that can be raised, let down, or drawn aside to prevent access or to permit passage beneath it.

Drawbridge

A image thumb
52

A strong grating of iron or timber hung over the gateway of a fortified place in such a way that it could be lowered quickly to prevent passage.

Portcullis

A image thumb
53

A broad, deep ditch, usually filled with water, surrounding the rampart of a fortified town, fortress, or castle as protection against assault.

Moat

A image thumb
54