Fractures types Flashcards Preview

Y4 Important to learn > Fractures types > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fractures types Deck (13)
Loading flashcards...
1

Fall on extended and outstretched hands commonly results in what fracture?

Colle's fracture

 

 

2

What does Colle's fracture result in?

Colle's fracture 

  • distal radius fracture
  • dorsal displacement of fragments

 

*'dinner fork' type deformity 

3

What's that?

Colle's fracture 

  • fracture of distal radius 
  • dorsal displacement of fragments 

 

Result of: fall on outstretched hands and extended wrists

4

What's reverse Colle's fracture?

Smith's fracture = reverse Colle's fracture

  •  fall on flexed wrists
  • anterior displacement of distal fragments

5

What's that?

Smith's fracture = reverse Colle's fracture

  •  fall on flexed wrists
  • anterior displacement of distal fragments

6

The difference between Colle's and Smith's fractures

Colle's

  • fall on outstretched hands and extended wrists
  • dorsal displacement of distal fragments 

 

Smith's 

  • fall on flexed wrists
  • anterior displacement of distal fragments 

7

What's Galeazzi fracture? 

Galeazzi fracture 

  • fracture of the wrist
  • dislocation of distal radio-ulnar joint

 

Usually due to fall on outstretched hand with elbow in flexion 

8

What's that?

Galeazzi fracture 

  • fracture of the wrist
  • dislocation of distal radio-ulnar joint

 

Usually due to fall on outstretched hand with elbow in flexion 

9

Difference between Monteggia vs Galezzi fractures

  • A Monteggia fracture is a fracture of the proximal ulna with dislocation of the radial head.

 

  • A Galeazzi fracture is a fracture of the distal radius with dislocation of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ)

10

Mnemonic for Monteggia vs Galezzi fracture 

  • MUGR (pronounced “MUGGER”): identifies the fractured bone.

 

  • MU: Monteggia Ulna
  • GR: Galeazzi Radius

 

  • Use “A to Z” to remember the location of the fracture-dislocation.

 

  • ‘A’ is proximal (MonteggiA)
  • Radial head dislocation and proximal ulna fracture

 

  • ‘Z’ is distal (GaleazZi)
  • Distal radioulnar joint dislocation and distal radius fracture

11

What's Buckle's fracture?

Buckle's fracture 

  •  compression fracture
  • commonly seen in children due to bones being softer and porous in kids

12

What's that?

Buckle's fracture 

  •  compression fracture
  • commonly seen in children due to bones being softer and porous in kids

13