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Flashcards in Franz Joseph Haydn Deck (7)
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Information About Him (14)

- (1732-1809)
- born in Rohrau, Austria
- father was a wheelwright
- was a choir boy at St. Stephen’s Cathedral
- one of his teachers was Nicola Porpora
- became a freelance musician
- was music director to Count Ferdinand
- married Maria Anna Keller
- moved with Esterházy family to their estate
- became friends with Mozart
-moved to Vienna after Prince Nikolai Esterházy passed away
- traveled to London
- met Beethoven and briefly taught him
- wrote a melody that became Germany’s national anthem


His Style and Contributions (8)

- expositions of sonatas are monothematic (first and second themes are similar)
- had dramatic and playful elements
- considered the father of the symphony and string quartet
- composed more than 100 symphonies and more than 40 piano sonatas
- oratorios: The Creation, The Seasons, The Seven Last Words of Christ
- symphonies: “Surprise,” “Military,” “London” “Farewell”
- string quartets: “Quinten,” “Kaiser”
- operas: Armida


Important Piece: String Quartet in D Minor "Quinten" (4)

- begins in D minor but ends in D major
- in sonata form
- vivace assai
- in 2/4


Exposition of Quinten (5)

- First theme: introduced by 1st violin, features a perfect 4th interval, is marked piano, includes syncopations
- Bridge: uses first theme in 2nd violin
- 2A: in F major with a descending sequence
- 2B: violin has double-stop thirds and sudden dynamic contrasts
- Codetta: finishes in F-major with a tonic pedal point


Development of Quinten (2)

- uses second theme group and imitation
- concludes with dominant preparation leading to recapitulation


Recapitulation of Quinten (3)

- first theme in D minor than in D major
- bridge and second theme group in D major
- cello is absent for 22 bars


Coda of Quinten (1)

- features triplets and arpeggios