Frequent external consonant sandhi (of final -t, -n, -m) Flashcards Preview

Cambridge Introduction to Sanskrit > Frequent external consonant sandhi (of final -t, -n, -m) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Frequent external consonant sandhi (of final -t, -n, -m) Deck (25):
1

 

 

 

-t + vowel

 

 

 

-d + vowel, joined up in writing

2

 

 

 

-t + voiced stop (except j)

 

 

 

-d + voiced stop, joined up in writing

3

 

 

-t + j-

 

 

-j + j-, joined in writing

4

 

 

 

-t + unvoiced stop (except c-)

 

 

 

-t + unvoiced stop, joined in writing

5

 

 

-t + c-

 

 

-c + c-, joined in writing

6

 

 

 

-t + nasal

 

 

 

-n + nasal, joined in writing

7

 

 

 

-t + y-/l-/r-/v-

 

 

 

-d + y-/l-/r-/v-, joined in writing

8

 

 

 

-t + ś-

 

 

 

-cch- (both sounds change, joined in writing)

9

 

 

 

-t + s- or ṣ-

 

 

 

remains the same,

joined in writing

10

 

 

 

-t + h-

 

 

 

-ddh- (both sounds change, joined in writing)

11

 

 

 

-n + vowel

 

 

 

-n or -nn (if short vowel precedes), joined in writing

12

 

 

 

-n + any velar stop

 

 

 

-n, joined in writing

13

 

 

 

-n + c-/ch-

 

 

 

-ṃś, joined in writing (insert voiceless palatal ś before voiceless palatal stop)

14

 

 

 

-n + j-/jh-

 

 

 

-ñ, joined in writing (becomes (voiced) palatal nasal before voiced palatal stop)

15

 

 

 

-n +t-/th-

 

 

 

-ṃs, joined in writing (insert voiceless dental s before voiceless dental stop)

16

 

 

 

-n + any labial stop

 

 

 

-n, joined in writing

17

 

 

 

-n + d-/dh-

 

 

 

-n, joined in writing (remains (voiced) dental nasal before voiced dental stop)

18

 

 

 

-n + n-/m-

 

 

 

-n, joined in writing

19

 

 

 

-n + y-/v-/r-

 

 

 

-n, joined in writing

20

 

 

 

-n + l-

 

 

 

-nasalised l, joined in writing

A image thumb
21

 

 

 

-n + ś-

 

 

 

either -ñś-

or -ñch-

(n becomes palatal ñ before palatal ś)

22

 

 

 

-n + ṣ-/s-

 

 

 

-n, joined in writing

23

 

 

 

-n + h-

 

 

 

-n, joined in writing

24

 

 

-m + vowel

 

 

remains -m, joined in writing

25

 

 

 

-m + consonant

 

 

 

turns into anusvāra, 

not joined in writing

Decks in Cambridge Introduction to Sanskrit Class (72):