FSI B3 17-20 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI B3 17-20 Deck (226):
1

逐年[逐年] zhúnián

year after year ② on an annual basis

2

相距[相距] xiāngjù

distance apart ② separated by a given distance

3

媳妇[媳婦] xífù

daughter-in-law ② wife (of a younger man) ③ young married woman ④ young woman

4

不通[不通] bùtōng

be obstructed ② be blocked up ③ be impassable ④ not make sense ⑤ be illogical ⑥ be ungrammatical

5

富裕[富裕] fùyù

prosperous ② well-to-do ③ well-off

6

自产自销[自產自銷] zìchǎnzìxiāo

to produce and market all by oneself (idiom)

7

操作[操作] cāozuò

to work ② to operate ③ to manipulate

8

交际[交際] jiāojì

communication ② social intercourse

9

相恋[相戀] xiāngliàn

to love each other

10

素质[素質] sùzhì

inner quality ② basic essence ③ change over time

11

栽[栽] zāi

to force ② to stick in ③ to plant ④ to lose face (slang)

12

相差[相差] xiāngchà

to differ ② discrepancy between

13

手工[手工] shǒugōng

handwork ② manual

14

劳作[勞作] láozuò

work ② manual labor

15

对门[對門] duìmén

the building or room opposite

16

缘[緣] yuán

cause ② reason ③ karma ④ fate ⑤ predestined affinity ⑥ margin ⑦ hem ⑧ edge ⑨ along

17

姑且[姑且] gūqiě

temporarily ② the time being ③ for the moment ④ provisional ⑤ tentatively

18

直系[直系] zhíxì

directly related

19

近亲[近親] jìnqīn

close relative ② near relation

20

亲属[親屬] qīnshǔ

kin ② kindred

21

突出[突出] tūchū

prominent ② outstanding ③ to give prominence to ④ to protrude ⑤ to project

22

势必[勢必] shìbì

is bound to (happen)

23

滞胀[滯脹] zhìzhàng

stagflation (i.e. simultaneous inflation and stagnation)

24

智障人士[智障人士] zhìzhàngrénshì

person with learning difficulties (handicap) ② retarded person

25

膝下无子[膝下無子] xīxiàwúzǐ

to have no son (idiom)

26

夫妇[夫婦] fūfù

a (married) couple ② husband and wife ③ CL:對|对[dui4]

27

心情[心情] xīnqíng

mood ② frame of mind ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

28

安度晚年[安度晚年] āndùwǎnnián

to spend one's remaining years in peace and comfort (idiom)

29

心病[心病] xīnbìng

anxiety ② sore point ③ secret worry ④ mental disorder ⑤ heart disease (medicine)

30

包产到户[包產到戶] bāochǎndàohù

fixing of farm output quotas for each household

31

包产到户制[包產到戶制] bāochǎndàohùzhì

system of quotas for farm output per household

32

照应[照應] zhàoyìng

to correlate with ② to correspond to

33

照应[照應] zhàoying

to look after ② to take care of ③ to attend to

34

不至于[不至於] bùzhìyú

cannot go so far ② be unlikely

35

媳妇[媳婦] xífù

daughter-in-law ② wife (of a younger man) ③ young married woman ④ young woman

36

直言不讳[直言不諱] zhíyánbùhuì

straight talk, nothing taboo (idiom); frank and straightforward ② to speak bluntly without euphemism

37

事例[事例] shìlì

example ② exemplar ③ typical case

38

女婿[女婿] nǚxu

daughter's husband ② son-in-law

39

炫耀[炫耀] xuànyào

to show off one's talent

40

眩耀[眩耀] xuànyào

dazzling ② brilliant

41

公认[公認] gōngrèn

publicly known (to be) ② accepted (as)

42

结交[結交] jiéjiāo

to make friends with

43

杂交[雜交] zájiāo

a hybrid

44

杂交植物[雜交植物] zájiāozhíwù

hybrid plant

45

畸形[畸形] jīxíng

deformity ② birth defect ③ abnormality

46

残疾[殘疾] cánjí

disabled ② handicapped ③ deformity on a person or animal

47

素质[素質] sùzhì

inner quality ② basic essence ③ change over time

48

长此以往[長此以往] chángcǐyǐwǎng

if things go on like this ② continuously for a long time hence (idiom)

49

恶性循环[惡性循環] èxìngxúnhuán

vicious circle

50

模糊[模糊] móhu

vague ② indistinct ③ fuzzy

51

哉[哉] zāi

(exclamatory or interrogative particle)

52

恒久[恆久] héngjiǔ

constant ② persistent ③ long-lasting ④ eternal

53

定性[定性] dìngxìng

to determine the nature (usually of error or crime) ② to determine chemical composition ③ qualitative ④ fixed

54

反帝[反帝] fǎndì

anti-imperialist ② anti-imperialists

55

封建[封建] fēngjiàn

feudal

56

崇尚[崇尚] chóngshàng

to hold up (as an model) ② to hold in esteem ③ to revere ④ to advocate

57

李洪志[李洪志] Lǐ Hóngzhì

Li Hongzhi, founder of the Falunggong 法輪功|法轮功 spiritual movement

58

洪[洪] hóng

flood ② big ③ great ④ surname Hong

59

宏大[宏大] hóngdà

great ② grand ③ massive

60

倒置[倒置] dàozhì

to invert

61

慨[慨] kǎi

generous ② sad

62

情结[情結] qíngjié

complex (psychology)

63

回首[回首] huíshǒu

turn around ② look back ③ recollect

64

风潮[風潮] fēngcháo

campaign ② storm and stress

65

允当[允當] yǔndàng

proper ② suitable

66

反省[反省] fǎnxǐng

to engage in introspection ② soul-searching

67

产物[產物] chǎnwù

product ② result (of)

68

价值观[價值觀] jiàzhíguān

system of values

69

高涨[高漲] gāozhǎng

upsurge ② (tensions etc) run high

70

甚嚣尘上[甚囂塵上] shènxiāochénshàng

clamor raises the dust (idiom); a tremendous clamor ② to raise a tremendous stink

71

嚣[囂] xiāo

clamor

72

思潮[思潮] sīcháo

tide of thought ② way of thinking characteristic of a historical period ③ Zeitgeist

73

风气[風氣] fēngqì

general mood ② atmosphere ③ common practice

74

严复[嚴復] Yán Fù

Yan Fu (1853-1921), influential Chinese writer and translator of Western books, esp. on social sciences

75

历程[歷程] lìchéng

course ② process

76

苦恼[苦惱] kǔnǎo

ail ② annoy ③ distress ④ vexation ⑤ distressed ⑥ to be in misery

77

天赋[天賦] tiānfù

gift ② innate skill

78

宰制[宰制] zǎizhì

rule ② dominate

79

认定[認定] rèndìng

to maintain (that sth is true) ② to determine (a fact) ③ determination (of an amount) ④ of the firm opinion ⑤ to believe firmly ⑥ to set one's mind on ⑦ to identify with

80

鸦片战争[鴉片戰爭] Yāpiànzhànzhēng

the Opium Wars of 1840-1842 and 1860-1861

81

力图[力圖] lìtú

try hard to ② strive to

82

振作[振作] zhènzuò

encouraged ② to summon up (courage) ③ to encourage ④ to uplift ⑤ to stimulate

83

洋务运动[洋務運動] Yángwù Yùndòng

Self-Strengthening Movement (period of reforms in China c 1861-1894), also named 自強運動|自强运动

84

倡议[倡議] chàngyì

to suggest ② to initiate ③ proposal ④ initiative

85

立宪[立憲] lìxiàn

to set up a constitution

86

积弊[積弊] jībì

age-old (malpractice) ② long established (corrupt practices) ③ deeply rooted (superstition)

87

骤[驟] zhòu

sudden ② unexpected ③ abrupt ④ suddenly ⑤ Taiwan pr. zou4

88

是以[是以] shìyǐ

therefore ② thus ③ so

89

庚子国变[庚子國變] gēngzǐguóbiàn

the crisis year of 1900 involving the Boxer uprising and the eight nation military invasion

90

庚子[庚子] gēngzǐ

thirty seventh year G1 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1960 or 2020 ② cf 庚子國變|庚子国变, the crisis year of 1900 involving the Boxer uprising and the eight nation military invasion

91

义和团[義和團] yìhétuán

the righteous harmonious fists ② the Boxers (history)

92

义和团运动[義和團運動] Yìhétuán Yùndòng

Boxer Rebellion

93

歧异[歧異] qíyì

difference ② discrepancy

94

休战[休戰] xiūzhàn

armistice

95

务实[務實] wùshí

pragmatic ② dealing with concrete issues

96

创见[創見] chuàngjiàn

an original idea

97

李大钊[李大釗] Lǐ Dàzhāo

Li Dazhao (1889-1927), early Chinese Marxist and founding member of the communist party

98

胡适[胡適] Hú Shì

Hu Shi (1891-1962), original proponent of writing in colloquial Chinese 白話文|白话文

99

法则[法則] fǎzé

law ② rule ③ code

100

当机立断[當機立斷] dāngjīlìduàn

to make prompt decisions (idiom)

101

阵[陣] zhèn

disposition of troops ② wave ③ spate ④ burst ⑤ spell ⑥ short period of time ⑦ classifier for events or states of short duration

102

风骨[風骨] fēnggǔ

strength of character ② vigorous style (of calligraphy)

103

莫不[莫不] mòbù

none doesn't ② there is none who isn't ③ everyone

104

矣[矣] yǐ

archaic final particle similar to modern 了

105

牢固[牢固] láogù

firm ② secure

106

伤感[傷感] shānggǎn

sick at heart ② psychologically wounded

107

几何[幾何] jǐhé

geometry ② how much

108

诚[誠] chéng

honest ② sincere ③ true

109

源远流长[源遠流長] yuányuǎnliúcháng

lit. source is distant and the flow is long (idiom); fig. sth goes back to the dim and distant past ② a lot of water has flowed under the bridge since then

110

尽[盡] jìn

to use up ② to exhaust ③ to end ④ to finish ⑤ to the utmost ⑥ exhausted ⑦ finished ⑧ to the limit (of sth)

111

喻[喻] yù

to describe sth as ② an analogy ③ a simile ④ a metaphor ⑤ an allegory ⑥ surname Yu

112

记忆[記憶] jìyì

memories ② remember ③ memory ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

113

民运[民運] mínyùn

civil transport ② movement aimed at the masses ③ democracy movement (abbr.)

114

疑问[疑問] yíwèn

a question ② sth not understood ③ to query ④ interrogative (gramm.) ⑤ CL:個|个[ge4]

115

纯正[純正] chúnzhèng

genuine

116

带领[帶領] dàilǐng

to guide ② to lead

117

必然[必然] bìrán

inevitable ② certain ③ necessity

118

混乱[混亂] hùnluàn

confusion ② chaos

119

暴烈[暴烈] bàoliè

violent ② fierce

120

专政[專政] zhuānzhèng

dictatorship

121

黑暗[黑暗] hēi'àn

dark ② darkly ③ darkness

122

光明[光明] guāngmíng

light ② illumination ③ radiance (esp. glory of Buddha etc) ④ fig. bright prospect ⑤ openhearted

123

流行[流行] liúxíng

to spread ② to rage (of contagious disease) ③ popular ④ fashionable ⑤ prevalent ⑥ (math.) manifold

124

提倡[提倡] tíchàng

to promote ② to advocate

125

反而[反而] fǎn'ér

instead ② on the contrary ③ contrary (to expectations)

126

更正[更正] gēngzhèng

to correct ② to make a correction

127

不禁[不禁] bùjīn

can't help (doing sth) ② can't refrain from

128

重新[重新] chóngxīn

again ② once more ③ re-

129

表达[表達] biǎodá

to voice (an opinion) ② to express ③ to convey

130

主流[主流] zhǔliú

main stream (of a river) ② fig. the essential point ③ main viewpoint of a matter

131

再度[再度] zàidù

once more ② once again ③ one more time

132

肯定[肯定] kěndìng

to be sure ② to be certain ③ sure ④ certain ⑤ definite ⑥ to confirm ⑦ to affirm ⑧ affirmative

133

权威[權威] quánwēi

authority ② authoritative ③ power and prestige

134

判处[判處] pànchǔ

to sentence ② to condemn

135

挪用[挪用] nuóyòng

to embezzle ② to divert funds

136

无期徒刑[無期徒刑] wúqītúxíng

life imprisonment

137

表现[表現] biǎoxiàn

to show ② to show off ③ to display ④ to manifest ⑤ expression ⑥ manifestation ⑦ show ⑧ display ⑨ performance (at work etc)

138

解聘[解聘] jiěpìn

to dismiss on employee ② to sack

139

侵吞[侵吞] qīntūn

to annex ② to swallow (up) ③ to embezzle

140

余[餘] yú

extra ② surplus ③ remaining ④ remainder after division ⑤ (following numerical value) or more ⑥ in excess of (some number) ⑦ residue (math.) ⑧ after ⑨ I ⑩ me ⑪ surname Yu

141

四出奔走[四出奔走] sìchūbēnzǒu

to run hither and thither (idiom)

142

四出游说[四出游說] sìchūyóushuì

barnstorm (idiom)

143

四出游说[四出游說] sìchūyóushuì

barnstorm (idiom)

144

经不起[經不起] jīngbuqǐ

can't stand it ② to be unable to bear ③ to be unable to resist

145

案情[案情] ànqíng

details of a case ② case

146

千方百计[千方百計] qiānfāngbǎijì

lit. thousand ways, a hundred plans (idiom); by every possible means

147

悔悟[悔悟] huǐwù

to repent

148

溺爱[溺愛] nì'ài

spoil ② pamper ③ dote on

149

沦[淪] lún

to sink (into ruin, oblivion) ② to be reduced to

150

无疑[無疑] wúyí

no doubt ② undoubtedly

151

无原则[無原則] wúyuánzé

unprincipled

152

迁就[遷就] qiānjiù

to yield ② to adapt to ③ to accommodate to (sth)

153

纵容[縱容] zòngróng

to indulge ② to connive at

154

有恃无恐[有恃無恐] yǒushìwúkǒng

secure in the knowledge of having strong backing (idiom)

155

口风[口風] kǒufēng

meaning behind the words ② what sb really means to say ③ one's intentions as revealed in one's words ④ tone of speech

156

吴玉章[吳玉章] Wú Yùzhāng

Wu Yuzhang (1878-1966), writer, educator and communist politician

157

故训[故訓] gùxùn o

ld teaching (e.g. religious instruction)

158

准则[準則] zhǔnzé

norm ② standard ③ criterion

159

恰恰[恰恰] qiàqià

exactly ② just ③ precisely

160

犹[猶] yóu

also ② as if ③ still ④ to scheme ⑤ a Jew

161

何等[何等] héděng

what kind? ② how, what ③ somewhat

162

不少[不少] bùshǎo

not (just) a few

163

堪称[堪稱] kānchēng

can be rated as ② can be said to be

164

舍得[捨得] shěde

to be willing to part with sth

165

一味[一味] yīwèi

blindly ② invariably

166

更有甚者[更有甚者] gèngyǒushènzhě

furthermore ② what is more ③ even worse

167

肥缺[肥缺] féiquē

lucrative post

168

拉关系[拉關係] lāguānxì

to seek contact with sb for one's own benefit ② to suck up to sb

169

走后门[走後門] zǒuhòumén

lit. to enter by the back door ② fig. to gain influence by pull or unofficial channels ③ back door or under the counter connections

170

违法乱纪[違法亂紀] wéifǎluànjì

to violate discipline

171

实则[實則] shízé

actually ② in fact

172

多方面[多方面] duōfāngmiàn

many-sided ② in many aspects

173

胡来[胡來] húlái

to act arbitrarily regardless of the rules ② to mess with sth ③ to make a hash of things ④ to cause trouble

174

树立[樹立] shùlì

to set up ② to establish

175

抵御[抵禦] dǐyù

to resist ② to withstand

176

自律[自律] zìlǜ

self-regulation

177

榜样[榜樣] bǎngyàng

example ② model ③ CL:個|个[ge4]

178

身教胜于言教[身教勝於言教] shēnjiāoshèngyúyánjiāo

Teaching by example beats explaining in words (idiom). Action speaks louder than words.

179

消除[消除] xiāochú

to eliminate ② to remove

180

遵纪守法[遵紀守法] zūnjìshǒufǎ

to observe discipline and law (idiom)

181

走险[走險] zǒuxiǎn

to take risks ② to run risks

182

清正廉明[清正廉明] qīngzhèngliánmíng

upright and honest

183

引导[引導] yǐndǎo

to guide ② to lead ③ to conduct ④ introduction

184

指导[指導] zhǐdǎo

to guide ② to give directions ③ to direct ④ to coach ⑤ guidance ⑥ tuition ⑦ CL:個|个[ge4]

185

公款[公款] gōngkuǎn

public money

186

漏洞[漏洞] lòudòng

leak ② hole ③ gap ④ loophole

187

贪官[貪官] tānguān

corrupt official ② grasping functionary ③ greedy mandarin

188

揭露[揭露] jiēlù

to expose ② to unmask ③ to ferret out ④ to disclose ⑤ disclosure

189

暴露[暴露] bàolù

expose ② reveal ③ lay bare

190

沉睡[沉睡] chénshuì

to be fast asleep

191

经营[經營] jīngyíng

to engage in (business etc) ② to run ③ to operate

192

乘积[乘積] chéngjī

product (result of multiplication)

193

深入[深入] shēnrù

to penetrate deeply ② thorough

194

合格[合格] hégé

qualified ② meeting a standard ③ eligible (voter)

195

收购[收購] shōugòu

to purchase (from various places) ② to acquire (a company)

196

轿子[轎子] jiàozi

a sedan chair ② a palanquin ③ a litter

197

熟知[熟知] shúzhī

acquaintance

198

经营[經營] jīngyíng

to engage in (business etc) ② to run ③ to operate

199

秉公[秉公] bǐnggōng

justly ② impartially

200

排忧解难[排憂解難] páiyōujiěnàn

to get rid of worries and overcome difficulties (idiom)

201

假公济私[假公濟私] jiǎgōngjìsī

official authority used for private interests (idiom); to attain private ends by abusing public position

202

乘机[乘機] chéngjī

to seize the chance ② opportunistic

203

反腐倡廉[反腐倡廉] fǎnfǔchànglián

to oppose corruption and advocate honesty (idiom)

204

深入[深入] shēnrù

to penetrate deeply ② thorough

205

不乏[不乏] bùfá

there is no lack of

206

约定[約定] yuēdìng

to agree on sth (after discussion) ② to conclude a bargain ③ to arrange ④ to promise ⑤ to stipulate ⑥ to make an appointment ⑦ stipulated (time, amount, quality etc) ⑧ an arrangement ⑨ a deal ⑩ appointment ⑪ undertaking ⑫ commitment ⑬ understanding ⑭ engagement ⑮ stipulation

207

大员[大員] dàyuán

high official

208

合格[合格] hégé

qualified ② meeting a standard ③ eligible (voter)

209

敲诈勒索[敲詐勒索] qiāozhàlèsuǒ

to extort or blackmail (idiom)

210

忍痛[忍痛] rěntòng

to suffer ② fig. reluctantly

211

含笑[含笑] hánxiào

to have a smile on one's face

212

毕竟[畢竟] bìjìng

after all ② all in all ③ when all is said and done ④ in the final analysis

213

叫苦不迭[叫苦不迭] jiàokǔbudié

to complain without stopping (idiom); to ***** endless ② incessant grievances

214

忍气吞声[忍氣吞聲] rěnqìtūnshēng

to submit to humiliation (idiom); to suffer in silence ② to swallow one's anger ③ to grin and bear it

215

任[任] rèn

to assign ② to appoint ③ to take up a post ④ office ⑤ responsibility ⑥ to let ⑦ to allow ⑧ to give free rein to ⑨ no matter (how, what etc) ⑩ surname Ren

216

不正之风[不正之風] bùzhèngzhīfēng

unhealthy tendency

217

大街小巷[大街小巷] dàjiēxiǎoxiàng

great streets and small alleys (idiom); everywhere in the city

218

收购[收購] shōugòu

to purchase (from various places) ② to acquire (a company)

219

销路[銷路] xiāolù

sale ② market ③ state of the market ④ sales event

220

一纸空文[一紙空文] yīzhǐkōngwén

a mere scrap of paper (idiom)

221

礼尚往来[禮尚往來] lǐshàngwǎnglái

courtesy demands reciprocity ② to pay sb. back in their own coin (idiom)

222

应酬[應酬] yìngchou

social niceties ② social interaction ③ a dinner party

223

行贿[行賄] xínghuì

to bribe ② to give bribes

224

受贿[受賄] shòuhuì

to accept a bribe ② bribery

225

心安理得[心安理得] xīn'ānlǐdé

have an easy conscience

226

终日[終日] zhōngrì

all day long