FSI B5 20-30 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI B5 20-30 Deck (147):
1

传销[傳銷] chuánxiāo

multi level marketing

2

直销[直銷] zhíxiāo

to sell directly ② direct sale (by a factory) ③ direct marketing

3

秀才[秀才] xiùcai

a person who has passed the county level imperial exam (historical) ② scholar ③ skillful writer ④ fine talent

4

奇才[奇才] qícái

genius

5

举人[舉人] jǔrén

candidate for the Imperial examinations

6

乾隆[乾隆] Qián Lóng

Qianlong or Ch'ien-lung, emperor of the Qing dynasty, reigned sixty years (1735-1796)

7

进士[進士] jìnshì

successful candidate in the highest imperial civil service examination ② palace graduate

8

品[品] pǐn

article ② commodity ③ product ④ goods ⑤ kind ⑥ grade ⑦ rank ⑧ character ⑨ disposition ⑩ nature ⑪ temperament ⑫ variety ⑬ to taste sth ⑭ to sample ⑮ to criticize ⑯ to comment ⑰ to judge ⑱ to size up

9

两袖清风[兩袖清風] liǎngxiùqīngfēng

lit. both sleeves flowing in the breeze (idiom); having clean hands ② uncorrupted ③ unsoiled by corrupt practices

10

糊口[糊口] húkǒu

to scrape a meager living ② to get by with difficulty

11

赈济[賑濟] zhènjì

to give relief aid

12

口碑[口碑] kǒubēi

public praise ② public reputation ③ commonly held opinions ④ current idiom

13

传诵[傳誦] chuánsòng

widely known ② on everyone's lips

14

隶书[隸書] lìshū

Clerical script (Chinese writing style)

15

楷书[楷書] kǎishū

regular script (one of the calligraphic styles of Chinese characters)

16

笔锋[筆鋒] bǐfēng

the tip of a writing brush ② vigor of style in writing ③ stroke ④ touch

17

挥洒[挥灑] huīsǎ

to sprinkle ② to shed (tears, blood etc) ③ fig. free, unconstrained ④ to write in a free style

18

临摹[臨摹] línmó

to copy (a model of calligraphy or painting etc)

19

意境[意境] yìjìng

artistic mood or conception ② creative concept

20

自如[自如] zìrú

freedom of action ② unobstructed ③ unconstrained ④ smoothly ⑤ with ease ⑥ freely

21

闻风而动[聞風而動] wénfēng'érdòng

to respond instantly ② to act at once on hearing the news

22

络绎不绝[絡繹不絕] luòyìbùjué

continuously; in an endless stream (idiom)

23

绎[繹] yì

continuous ② explain ③ unravel

24

络[絡] lào

small net

25

润格[潤格] rùngé

scale of fee payment for a painter, calligrapher or writer

26

佢[佢] qú

he (Cantonese) ② Mandarin equivalent: 他|他[ta1]

27

交情[交情] jiāoqing

friendship ② emotional relations between people

28

银货两讫[銀貨兩訖] yínhuòliǎngqì

The goods are delivered and the bill is cleared. (idiom)

29

老少无欺[老少無欺] lǎoshàowúqī

cheating neither old nor young ② treating youngsters and old folk equally scrupulously ③ Our house offers sincere treatment to all and fair trade to old and young alike.

30

纠缠[糾纏] jiūchán

to be in a tangle ② to nag

31

赖账[賴賬] làizhàng

to renege on a debt

32

倦[倦] juàn

tired

33

快人快语[快人快語] kuàirénkuàiyǔ

straight talk from an honest person ② quick decision (idiom)

34

直截了当[直截了當] zhíjiéliǎodàng

direct and plain speaking (idiom); blunt ② straightforward

35

润笔[潤筆] rùnbǐ

remuneration for literary or artistic work

36

大幅[大幅] dàfú

a big margin ② substantially

37

对联[對聯] duìlián

rhyming couplet ② pair of lines of verse written vertically down the sides of a doorway ③ CL:幅[fu2]

38

坊间[坊間] fāngjiān

street stalls ② bookshops ③ in the streets

39

真伪[真偽] zhēnwěi

true or bogus

40

因果[因果] yīnguǒ

karma ② cause and effect

41

推理[推理] tuīlǐ

reasoning ② speculative ③ inference

42

千年[千年] qiānnián

millennium

43

天干[天干] tiāngān

the 10 heavenly stems 甲, 乙, 丙, 丁, 戊, 己, 庚, 辛, 壬, 癸 (used cyclically in the calendar and as ordinal number like Roman I, II, III)

44

干支[干支] gānzhī

the 10 heavenly stems 十天干 and 12 earthly branches 十二枝 ② sexagenary cycle

45

十干[十干] shígān

same as 天干 ② the 10 heavenly stems 甲, 乙, 丙, 丁, 戊, 己, 庚, 辛, 壬, 癸 (used cyclically in the calendar and as ordinal number like Roman I, II, III)

46

十天干[十天干] shítiāngān

the 10 heavenly stems 甲, 乙, 丙, 丁, 戊, 己, 庚, 辛, 壬, 癸 (used cyclically in the calendar and as ordinal number like Roman I, II, III)

47

甲子[甲子] jiǎzǐ

first of 10 heavenly stems 天干 and first of 12 earthly branches 地支 ② by ext., the 60 combinations 甲子, 乙丑, 丙寅 etc making up the year cycle ③ first year A1 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1984 or 2044

48

甲[甲] jiǎ

armor ② first of 10 heavenly stems 十天干 ③ first in order ④ letter "A" or roman "I" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc ⑤ first party (in legal contract, usually 甲方|甲方[jia3 fang1], as opposed to 乙方|乙方[yi3 fang1]) ⑥ methyl

49

乙[乙] yǐ

second of 10 heavenly stems 十天干 ② second in order ③ letter "B" or roman "II" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc ④ second party (in legal contract, usually 乙方|乙方[yi3 fang1], as opposed to 甲方|甲方[jia3 fang1]) ⑤ ethyl ⑥ bent ⑦ winding ⑧ radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 5)

50

丙[丙] bǐng

third of 10 heavenly stems 十天干 ② third in order ③ letter "C" or roman "III" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc ④ propyl

51

丁[丁] dīng

fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干 ② fourth in order ③ letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc ④ butyl ⑤ surname Ding ⑥ cubes (of food)

52

戊[戊] wù

fifth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干 ② fifth in order ③ letter "E" or roman "V" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc ④ penta

53

己[己] jǐ

self ② oneself ③ sixth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干 ④ sixth in order ⑤ letter "F" or roman "VI" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc ⑥ hexa

54

庚[庚] gēng

age ② seventh of the 10 Heavenly Stems 十天干 ③ seventh in order ④ letter "G" or roman "VII" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc ⑤ hepta

55

辛[辛] xīn

tired ② eighth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干 ③ eighth in order ④ letter "H" or roman "VIII" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc ⑤ octa

56

壬[壬] rén

ninth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干 ② ninth in order ③ letter "I" or roman "IX" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc ④ nona

57

癸[癸] guǐ

tenth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干 ② tenth in order ③ letter "J" or roman "X" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc ④ deca

58

地支[地支] dìzhī

the 12 earthly branches 子, 丑, 寅, 卯, 辰, 巳, 午, 未, 申, 酉, 戌, 亥 (used cyclically in the calendar and as ordinal number)

59

十二地支[十二地支] shí'èrdìzhī

the 12 earthly branches 子, 丑, 寅, 卯, 辰, 巳, 午, 未, 申, 酉, 戌, 亥 (used cyclically in the calendar and as ordinal numbers)

60

十二支[十二支] shí'èrzhī

the 12 earthly branches 子, 丑, 寅, 卯, 辰, 巳, 午, 未, 申, 酉, 戌, 亥 (used cyclically in the calendar and as ordinal number)

61

子丑[子丑] zǐchǒu

first two of the twelve earthly branches 十二地支 ② by ext., the earthly branches

62

子[子] zǐ

son ② child ③ seed ④ egg ⑤ small thing ⑥ 1st earthly branch: 11 p.m.-1 a.m., midnight, 11th solar month (7th December to 5th January), year of the Rat ⑦ Viscount, fourth of five orders of nobility 五等爵位[wu3 deng3 jue2 wei4]

63

丑[丑] chǒu

clown ② surname Chou ③ 2nd earthly branch: 1-3 a.m., 12th solar month (6th January to 3rd February), year of the Ox

64

寅[寅] yín

3rd earthly branch: 3-5 a.m., 1st solar month (4th February-5th March), year of the Tiger

65

卯[卯] mǎo

mortise (slot cut into wood to receive a tenon) ② 4th earthly branch: 5-7 a.m., 2nd solar month (6th March-4th April), year of the Rabbit

66

辰[辰] chén

5th earthly branch: 7-9 a.m., 3rd solar month (5th April-4th May), year of the Dragon

67

巳[巳] sì

6th earthly branch: 9-11 a.m., 4th solar month (5th May-5th June), year of the Snake

68

午[午] wǔ

7th earthly branch: 11 a.m.-1 p.m., noon, 5th solar month (6th June-6th July), year of the Horse

69

未[未] wèi

not yet ② did not ③ have not ④ not ⑤ 8th earthly branch: 1-3 p.m., 6th solar month (7th July-6th August), year of the Sheep

70

申[申] shēn

to extend ② to state ③ to explain ④ surname Shen ⑤ 9th earthly branch: 3-5 p.m., 7th solar month (7th August-7th September), year of the Monkey

71

酉[酉] yǒu

10th earthly branch: 5-7 p.m., 8th solar month (8th September-7th October), year of the Rooster

72

戌[戌] xū

11th earthly branch: 7-9 p.m., 9th solar month (8th October-6th November), year of the Dog

73

亥[亥] hài

12th earthly branch: 9-11 p.m., 10th solar month (7th November-6th December), year of the Boar

74

周而复始[週而復始] zhōu'érfùshǐ

lit. the cycle comes back to the start (idiom); to move in circles ② the wheel comes full circle

75

人气[人氣] rénqì

popularity ② personality ③ character

76

腾飞[騰飛] téngfēi

lit. to fly upwards swiftly; fig. rapid advance ② rapidly developing (situation)

77

意向[意向] yìxiàng

disposition

78

图腾[圖騰] túténg

totem (religious symbol)

79

爬虫[爬蟲] páchóng

reptile (old or common word for 爬行動物|爬行动物)

80

附会[附會] fùhuì

to stretch a point ② to press a false analogy

81

穿凿附会[穿鑿附會] chuānzáofùhuì

to give a forced interpretation (idiom); draw far-fetched analogies

82

凶恶[兇惡] xiōng'è

fierce ② ferocious ③ fiendish ④ frightening

83

惊天动地[驚天動地] jīngtiāndòngdì

world-shaking (idiom)

84

无形[無形] wúxíng

incorporeal ② virtual ③ formless ④ invisible (assets) ⑤ intangible

85

天道[天道] tiāndào

natural law ② heavenly law ③ weather (dialect)

86

天道好还[天道好還] tiāndàohàohuán

God's way goes in a cycle. ② Heaven is bound to return and punish evil doers. (idiom)

87

化身[化身] huàshēn

incarnation ② reincarnation ③ embodiment (of abstract idea) ④ personification

88

陪葬[陪葬] péizàng

to be buried with or next to dead person (of deceased's partner, or of funerary objects)

89

陪葬品[陪葬品] péizàngpǐn

funerary objects (items buried together with the dead)

90

砌[砌] qì

to build by laying bricks or stones

91

砌砖[砌磚] qìzhuān

to lay bricks ② bricklaying

92

端倪[端倪] duānní

boundary land ② clue ③ inkling ④ to predict

93

龙腾虎跃[龍騰虎躍] lóngténghǔyuè

scene of bustling activity (idiom)

94

生龙活虎[生龍活虎] shēnglónghuóhǔ

full of vigor and vitality (idiom)

95

虎踞龙盘[虎踞龍盤] hǔjùlóngpán

lit. where tigers crouch and dragons coil (idiom); fig. forbidding terrain

96

龙争虎斗[龍爭虎鬥] lóngzhēnghǔdòu

lit. the dragon wars, the tiger battles (idiom); fierce battle between giants

97

龙行虎步[龍行虎步] lóngxínghǔbù

dignified manner of an emperor (idiom)

98

不一而足[不一而足] bùyī'érzú

by no means an isolated case ② numerous

99

勃勃[勃勃] bóbó

thriving ② vigorous ③ exuberant

100

生机勃勃[生機勃勃] shēngjībóbó

full of vitality (idiom)

101

朝气勃勃[朝氣勃勃] zhāoqìbóbó

full of youthful vigor (idiom)

102

英气勃勃[英氣勃勃] yīngqìbóbó

full of heroic spirit (idiom)

103

意兴勃勃[意興勃勃] yìxìngbóbó

to be highly enthusiastic (idiom)

104

野心勃勃[野心勃勃] yěxīnbóbó

vaulting ambition (idiom)

105

先王[先王] xiānwáng

former kings ② former emperors ③ in Confucian writing, refers esp. to the sage rulers Yáo 堯|尧, Shùn 舜, Yǔ 禹, Tāng 湯|汤 and the kings of Zhou

106

轩辕氏[軒轅氏] Xuānyuánshì

alternative name for the Yellow Emperor 黄帝

107

轩[軒] xuān

high ② lofty ③ compact lodgings,especially with a view ④ a form of carriage ⑤ the elevated front of a carriage or chariot ⑥ balcony ⑦ delighted ⑧ (surname)

108

辕[轅] yuán

shafts of cart ② yamen

109

衙门[衙門] yámen

government office in feudal China ② yamen

110

衙[衙] yá

office ② yamen 衙門|衙门 ③ surname Ya

111

颛顼[顓頊] Zhuānxū

Zhuan Xu, one of Five legendary Emperors 五帝, grandson of Yellow Emperor 黃帝|黄帝, trad. reigned 2513-2435 BC

112

五帝[五帝] wǔdì

Five Emperors from legendary times; possibly tribal leaders before the historiographers got working on them ② usually taken to be Yellow Emperor 黃帝|黄帝 and four of his sons Zhuan Xu 顓頊|颛顼, Di Ku 帝嚳|帝喾, Tang Yao 唐堯|唐尧, Yu Shun 虞舜

113

帝喾[帝嚳] Dì Kù

Di Ku or Emperor Ku, one of Five legendary Emperors 五帝, great-grandson of Yellow Emperor 黃帝|黄帝

114

唐尧[唐堯] Táng Yáo

Yao or Tang Yao (c. 2200 BC), one of Five legendary Emperors 五帝, second son of Di Ku 帝嚳|帝喾

115

虞舜[虞舜] Yú Shùn

Yu Shun, one of Five legendary Emperors 五帝

116

躯[軀] qū

human body

117

诚可格天[誠可格天] chéngkěgétiān

One's sincerity moves Heaven. (idiom)

118

格[格] gé

square ② frame ③ rule ④ (legal) case ⑤ style ⑥ character ⑦ standard ⑧ pattern ⑨ (classical) to obstruct; to hinder ⑩ (classical) to arrive; to come ⑪ (classical) to investigate; to study exhaustively

119

卦[卦] guà

divinatory trigram ② one of the eight divinatory trigrams of the Book of Changes 易經|易经

120

八卦[八卦] bāguà

the eight divinatory trigrams of the Book of Changes 易經|易经 ② to gossip

121

打卦[打卦] dǎguà

to tell sb's fortune using divinatory trigrams

122

坤[坤] kūn

one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦|八卦[ba1 gua4], representing earth ② of a woman

123

乾[乾] qián

surname Qian ② strong ③ one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦 representing sky ④ male principle

124

震[震] zhèn

to shake ② to vibrate ③ to jolt ④ to quake ⑤ excited ⑥ shocked ⑦ one of the eight trigrams, symbolizing thunder

125

艮[艮] gèn

one of the eight trigrams

126

阐明[闡明] chǎnmíng

to clarify ② to explain clearly

127

哲理[哲理] zhélǐ

philosophic theory ② philosophy

128

宏图[宏圖] hóngtú

major undertaking ② vast plan ③ grand prospect

129

出身[出身] chūshēn

family background ② class origin

130

书香[書香] shūxiāng

literary reputation

131

书香门第[書香門第] shūxiāngméndì

family with a literary reputation (idiom); literary family

132

门第冷落[門第冷落] méndìlěngluò

The family is on the decline. (idiom)

133

先兆[先兆] xiānzhào

omen

134

险兆[險兆] xiǎnzhào

evil omen

135

小篆[小篆] xiǎozhuàn

the small or lesser seal, the form of Chinese character standardized by the Qin dynasty

136

价目[價目] jiàmù

(marked) price ② tariff (in a restaurant etc.)

137

康熙[康熙] Kāngxī

Kangxi or K'ang Hsi, second Qing Emperor (1661-1722)

138

雍正[雍正] Yōngzhēng

Yongzheng, reign name of Qing emperor (1722-1735)

139

招牌[招牌] zhāopai

signboard ② shop sign ③ reputation of a business

140

视为[視為] shìwéi

to view as ② to see as ③ to consider to be ④ to deem

141

不易[不易] bùyì

not easy to do sth ② difficult ③ unchanging

142

未必[未必] wèibì

not necessarily ② maybe not

143

尤[尤] yóu

outstanding ② particularly, especially ③ a fault ④ to express discontentment against ⑤ surname You

144

诸君[諸君] zhūjūn

Gentlemen! (start of a speech) ② Ladies and Gentlemen!

145

扇子[扇子] shānzi

fan ② CL:把[ba3]

146

资深[資深] zīshēn

senior (in terms of depth of accumulated experience) ② deeply qualified

147

火烧眉毛[火燒眉毛] huǒshāoméimao

lit. the fire burns one's eyebrows (idiom); fig. desperate situation ② extreme emergency