FSI Set 06 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FSI Set 06 Deck (192):
1

视野[視野] shìyě

field of view ② horizon

2

管家[管家] guǎnjiā

housekeeper ② butler ③ manage one's household

3

挽回[挽回] wǎnhuí

to retrieve ② to redeem

4

报仇[報仇] bàochóu

to revenge (oneself) ② to avenge

5

仇[仇] chóu

hatred ② animosity ③ enmity ④ a rival ⑤ an enemy ⑥ feud

6

仇[仇] qiú

match ② mate ③ surname Qiu

7

扣篮[扣籃] kòulán

slam dunk

8

乘机[乘機] chéngjī

to seize the chance ② opportunistic

9

灯火辉煌[燈火輝煌] dēnghuǒhuīhuáng

ablaze with lights (idiom)

10

过山车[過山車] guòshānchē

roller coaster

11

云霄飞车[雲霄飛車] yúnxiāofēichē

roller coaster

12

滑旱冰[滑旱冰] huáhànbīng

(roller)blading ② roller skating ③ inline skating

13

轮滑[輪滑] lúnhuá

roller skating

14

省吃俭用[省吃儉用] shěngchījiǎnyòng

to live frugally ② to economize on food and clothing ③ to scrimp and save

15

前途[前途] qiántú

prospects ② outlook (for the future) ③ future ④ CL:個|个[ge4]

16

四平八稳[四平八穩] sìpíngbāwěn

everything steady and stable (idiom); overcautious and unimaginary

17

四海为家[四海爲家] sìhǎiwéijiā

to regard the four corners of the world all as home (idiom) ② to feel at home anywhere ③ to roam about unconstrained ④ to consider the entire country, or world, to be one's own

18

拉倒[拉倒] lādǎo

lit. pull and fall ② (coll.) the deal is off ③ forget about it! ④ let it go at that!

19

中彩[中彩] zhòngcǎi

to win a lottery

20

更改[更改] gēnggǎi

alter

21

梗[梗] gěng

branch ② stem ③ stalk ④ CL:根[gen1] ⑤ to block ⑥ to hinder ⑦ see also 㹴犬|㹴犬[geng3 quan3]

22

概[概] gài

general ② approximate

23

梗概[梗概] gěnggài

synopsis ② outline (of story)

24

符合[符合] fúhé

in keeping with ② in accordance with ③ tallying with ④ in line with ⑤ to agree with ⑥ to accord with ⑦ to conform to ⑧ to correspond with ⑨ to manage ⑩ to handle

25

符合美国利益[符合美國利益] fúhé Měiguólìyì

in line with American interests

26

能否[能否] néngfǒu

whether or not ② can it or can't it ③ is it possible?

27

否[否] pǐ

clogged ② evil

28

节奏[節奏] jiézòu

rhythm ② tempo ③ musical pulse ④ cadence ⑤ beat

29

节奏布鲁斯[節奏布魯斯] jiézòubùlǔsī

R&B; Rhythm and Blues (music genre)

30

吐字[吐字] tǔzì

diction ② enunciation ③ to pronounce the words correctly (in opera)

31

赊购[賒購] shēgòu

to buy on credit ② to delay payment

32

赊[賒] shē

to buy or sell on credit ② distant ③ long (time) ④ to forgive

33

赊账[賒賬] shēzhàng

to buy or sell on credit ② outstanding account ③ to have an outstanding account

34

概不赊欠[概不賒欠] gàibùshēqiàn

no credit ② cash only (idiom)

35

沉默[沉默] chénmò

silence ② uncommunicative

36

创业者[創業者] chuàngyèzhě

entrepreneur

37

创业[創業] chuàngyè

to begin an undertaking ② to start a major task ③ to initiate ④ to venture ⑤ venture

38

创业投资[創業投資] chuàngyètóuzī

venture capital

39

守业[守業] shǒuyè

to preserve one's heritage ② to defend the accomplishments of previous generations ③ to carry on the good work ④ to keep one's business going

40

如此[如此] rúcǐ

in this way ② so

41

如此一来[如此一來] rúcǐyīlái

therefore (idiom)

42

既然如此[既然如此] jìránrúcǐ

such being the case (idiom)

43

果真如此[果真如此] guǒzhēnrúcǐ

if this is really true (idiom)

44

早知如此[早知如此] zǎozhīrúcǐ

If it had been known that things would turn out this way... (idiom)

45

但愿如此[但願如此] dànyuànrúcǐ

Let's hope it's so. (idiom)

46

事实如此[事實如此] shìshírúcǐ

This is how things are. (idiom)

47

合当如此[合當如此] hédāngrúcǐ

This is how it should be. (idiom)

48

向来如此[向來如此] xiàngláirúcǐ

It has always been so. (idiom)

49

大率如此[大率如此] dàshuàirúcǐ

This is usually the case. (idiom)

50

未必如此[未必如此] wèibìrúcǐ

to be not necessarily so (idiom)

51

本该如此[本該如此] běngāirúcǐ

That's just as it should be. (idiom)

52

话虽如此[話雖如此] huàsuīrúcǐ

be that as it may (idiom)

53

自古如此[自古如此] zìgǔrúcǐ

It has been thus since the beginning of time. (idiom)

54

竟然如此[竟然如此] jìngránrúcǐ

So that's how it is! (in surprise or anger) (idiom)

55

原来如此[原來如此] yuánláirúcǐ

so that's how it is (idiom)

56

活该如此[活該如此] huógāirúcǐ I

t serves you right. (idiom)

57

吾[吾] wú

I ② my

58

唔[唔] wú

not (Cantonese) ② Mandarin equivalent: 不|不[bu4]

59

酒肉朋友[酒肉朋友] jiǔròupéngyou

lit. a friend when wining and dining (idiom); fair-weather friend

60

消磨[消磨] xiāomó

to wear down ② to sap ③ to whittle away ④ to while away ⑤ to idle away

61

消磨时间[消磨時間] xiāomóshíjiān

to stall for time ② to procrastinate

62

宣告[宣告] xuāngào

declare ② proclaim

63

破产[破產] pòchǎn

to go bankrupt ② to become impoverished ③ bankruptcy

64

条例[條例] tiáolì

regulations ② rules ③ code of conduct ④ ordinances ⑤ statutes

65

条款[條款] tiáokuǎn

clause (of contract or law) ② CL:項|项[xiang4]

66

其后[其後] qíhòu

next ② later ③ after that

67

字眼[字眼] zìyǎn

wording

68

评比[評比] píngbǐ

to evaluate (by comparison)

69

议论[議論] yìlùn

to comment ② to talk about ③ to discuss ④ discussion ⑤ CL:個|个[ge4]

70

尘埃落定[塵埃落定] chén'āiluòdìng

the dust settles (idiom) ② to settle down ③ to have decided on a certain conclusion ④ complicated things become clear in the end

71

飞扬[飛揚] fēiyáng

to rise ② to fly upward

72

漫天[漫天] màntiān

lit. to fill the whole sky; everywhere ② as far as the eye can see

73

盖地而来[蓋地而來] gàidì'érlái

to come in large numbers (idiom)

74

是非[是非] shìfēi

right and wrong ② quarrel

75

雾里看花[霧里看花] wùlǐkànhuā l

it. to look at flowers in the fog (idiom); fig. blurred vision

76

引申[引申] yǐnshēn

extended meaning (of a word) ② to mean by extension

77

朱子[朱子] Zhūzi

Master Zhu, another name for Zhu Xi 朱熹

78

朱熹[朱熹] Zhūxī

Zhu Xi or Chu Hsi (1130-1200), also known as Master Zhu 朱子, Song dynasty Confucian writer and propagandist, founder of neo-Confucianism

79

黎明[黎明] límíng

dawn ② daybreak

80

修身[修身] xiūshēn

to cultivate one's moral character

81

尘雾[塵霧] chénwù

cloud of dust ② smog

82

遗骨[遺骨] yígǔ

(dead) human remains

83

深思[深思] shēnsī

to ponder ② to consider

84

芙蓉[芙蓉] fúróng

hibiscus ② cotton rose (Hibiscus mutabilis) ③ lotus ④ foo yung (type of omelet made of egg white) ⑤ Seremban, capital of Sembilan state, Malaysia 森美蘭|森美兰[Sen1 mei3 lan2]

85

底蕴[底蘊] dǐyùn

inside information ② concrete details

86

粪[糞] fèn

manure ② dung

87

粪凼[糞凼] fèndàng

cesspool ② cesspit

88

及物动词[及物動詞] jíwùdòngcí

transitive verb

89

海基会[海基會] hǎijīhuì

(abbr.) SEF, Taiwanese Strait Exchange Foundation

90

邮政编码[郵政編碼] yóuzhèngbiānmǎ

postal code ② zip code

91

邮政信箱[郵政信箱] yóuzhèngxìnxiāng

post office box

92

邮政局[郵政局] yóuzhèngjú

(China) postal bureau

93

搞笑[搞笑] gǎoxiào

funny ② hilarious

94

包青天[包青天] Bāoqīngtiān

popular nickname of Bao Zheng 包拯[Bao1 Zheng3] (999-1062), Northern Song official famous as honest politician

95

明德[明德] Míngdé

highest virtue ② illustrious virtue ③ Middlebury (College)

96

挟[挾] xié

to clasp under the arm ② to coerce

97

联合报[聯合報] Liánhébào

United Daily News, Taiwan newspaper

98

含蓄[含蓄] hánxù

implicit ② implied ③ unspoken ④ veiled (of criticism) ⑤ reserved (of a person) ⑥ to contain ⑦ to embody

99

臭老九[臭老九] chòulǎojiǔ

stinking intellectual (contemptuous term for educated people during the Cultural Revolution)

100

盐碱地[鹽鹼地] yánjiǎndì

saline soil

101

菸碱[菸鹼] yānjiǎn

nicotine

102

岩浆[岩漿] yánjiāng

lava ② magma

103

不堪[不堪] bùkān

cannot bear ② cannot stand ③ utterly ④ extremely

104

大山[大山] dàshān

Dashan, stage name of Canadian Mark Henry Rowswell (1965-), actor and well-known TV personality in PRC

105

社科[社科] shèkē

social science (abbr.)

106

社科院[社科院] Shèkēyuàn

(Chinese) Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)

107

过劳[過勞] guòláo

work-related stress ② overwork (as a medical condition)

108

瑾[瑾] jǐn

brilliancy (of gems)

109

筋疲力竭[筋疲力竭] jīnpílìjié

to be completely exhausted (idiom)

110

职称[職稱] zhíchēng

one's professional position ② title ③ job title

111

聘任[聘任] pìnrèn

to appoint (to a position) ② appointed

112

痛心疾首[痛心疾首] tòngxīnjíshǒu

deep heartache (idiom)

113

紊乱[紊亂] wěnluàn

disorder ② chaos

114

疲劳[疲勞] píláo

fatigue ② wearily ③ weariness ④ weary

115

形式主义[形式主義] xíngshìzhǔyì

Formalism (art)

116

少说为佳[少說為佳] shǎoshuōwéijiā

Few words are best. ② Brevity is the soul of wit.

117

寅吃卯粮[寅吃卯糧] yínchīmǎoliáng

living hand-to-mouth (idiom)

118

寅[寅] yín

3rd earthly branch: 3-5 a.m., 1st solar month (4th February-5th March), year of the Tiger

119

卯[卯] mǎo

mortise (slot cut into wood to receive a tenon) ② 4th earthly branch: 5-7 a.m., 2nd solar month (6th March-4th April), year of the Rabbit

120

唐寅[唐寅] Táng Yín

Tang Bohu 唐伯虎 or Tang Yin (1470-1523), Ming painter and poet, one of Four great southern talents of the Ming 江南四大才子

121

江南四大才子[江南四大才子] Jiāngnánsìdàcáizǐ

Four great southern talents of the Ming, namely: Tang Bohu 唐伯虎, Zhu Zhishan 祝枝山, Wen Zhengming 文徵明|文征明 and Xu Zhenqing 徐禎卿|徐祯卿

122

抗体[抗體] kàngtǐ

antibody

123

虱子[蝨子] shīzi

louse (Pediculus humanus)

124

中选[中選] zhòngxuǎn

to win an election ② to get a position by passing the imperial exam

125

中毒[中毒] zhòngdú

to be poisoned ② poisoning

126

中签[中簽] zhòngqiān

to win a ballot ② to draw a lucky number

127

中暑[中暑] zhòngshǔ

sunstroke ② heatstroke

128

中风[中風] zhòngfēng

to suffer a paralyzing stroke

129

猜中[猜中] cāizhòng

to guess correctly ② to figure out the right answer

130

打中[打中] dǎzhòng

to hit (a target)

131

选中[選中] xuǎnzhòng

to choose ② to pick ③ to settle upon ④ to decide upon a candidate ⑤ to be selected for some role

132

看中[看中] kànzhòng

to have a preference for ② to fancy ③ to choose after consideration ④ to settle on

133

告状[告狀] gàozhuàng

to complain ② to sue ③ to bring a lawsuit ④ to lodge a complaint against sb with a manager

134

志愿者[志願者] zhìyuànzhě

volunteer

135

老者[老者] lǎozhě

old man ② elderly man

136

八成[八成] bāchéng

eighty percent ② most probably ③ most likely

137

知己[知己] zhījǐ

to know oneself ② to be intimate or close ③ intimate friend

138

浪漫[浪漫] làngmàn

romantic

139

浪漫主义[浪漫主義] làngmànzhǔyì

romanticism

140

知心[知心] zhīxīn

caring ② intimate

141

光合作用[光合作用] guānghézuòyòng

photosynthesis

142

与此同时[與此同時] yǔcǐtóngshí

at the same time ② meanwhile

143

大萧条[大蕭條] dàxiāotiáo

the Great Depression (1929-c. 1939)

144

绷扒吊拷[繃扒吊拷] bèngpádiàokǎo

to strip, tie up, hang and beat sb., an ancient torture technique

145

纵火犯[縱火犯] zònghuǒfàn

arsonist

146

卷入[捲入] juǎnrù

to be drawn into ② to be involved in

147

赖[賴] lài

to depend on ② reliance ③ to renege (on promise) ④ to disclaim ⑤ to rat (on debts) ⑥ to blame sb else

148

乃至[乃至] nǎizhì

and even ② to go so far as to

149

墨子[墨子] Mòzǐ

Mozi (flourished approx 479-381 BC), famous Warring States philosopher, founder of Mohism

150

谋智[謀智] móuzhì

Mozilla Corporation ② intelligence and wisdom ③ resourceful ④ same as 智謀|智谋

151

圣王[聖王] shèngwáng

sacred king ② sage ruler

152

缴纳[繳納] jiǎonà

to contribute

153

魏晋[魏晉] Wèi Jìn

Wei (220-265) and Jing (265-420) dynasties

154

长官[長官] zhǎngguān

senior official; senior officer; commanding officer ② sir (term of address for senior officer) ③ CL:位[wei4]

155

周礼[周禮] Zhōulǐ

the rites of Zhou (in Confucianism)

156

克己复礼[克己復禮] kèjǐfùlǐ

restrain yourself and return to the rites (idiom, from Analects); to subdue self and observe proprieties ② (any number of possible translations)

157

惨痛[慘痛] cǎntòng

bitter ② painful ③ deeply distressed

158

挽[挽] wǎn

to pull ② to draw (a cart or a bow) ③ to lead (an animal) ④ an elegy (for use in funeral procession) ⑤ to turn (change direction) ⑥ to roll up (a scroll) ⑦ to coil

159

俭[儉] jiǎn

frugal ② thrifty ③ needy

160

更[更] gèng

more ② even more ③ further ④ still ⑤ still more

161

包拯[包拯] Bāo Zhěng

Bao Zheng (999-1062), Northern Song official famous as honest politician

162

碱基对[鹼基對] jiǎnjīduì

base pair (bp) consisting of two complementary nucleotides (adenine A 腺嘌呤 paired with thymine T 胸腺嘧啶 in DNA)

163

碱性[鹼性] jiǎnxìng

alkaline

164

熔融岩浆[熔融岩漿] róngróngyánjiāng

magma ② molten lava

165

紊[紊] wěn

involved ② tangled ③ disorderly ④ confused ⑤ chaotic ⑥ Taiwan pr. wen4

166

表格[表格] biǎogé

form ② table ③ CL:張|张[zhang1],份[fen4]

167

剁[剁] duò

to chop (meat) ② to cut

168

剁碎[剁碎] duòsuì

mince

169

奋勇前进[奮勇前進] fènyǒngqiánjìn

to forge valiantly ahead (idiom)

170

奋勇[奮勇] fènyǒng

dauntless ② to summon up courage and determination ③ using extreme force of will

171

一网打尽[一網打盡] yīwǎngdǎjìn

to catch everything in one net (idiom); to eliminate at one stroke ② to solve the problem at one fell swoop

172

原住民[原住民] yuánzhùmín

indigenous peoples ② aborigine

173

漠视[漠視] mòshì

to ignore ② to neglect ③ to treat with contempt

174

黄鼠狼给鸡拜年[黃鼠狼給雞拜年] huángshǔlánggěijībàinián

Beware of suspicious folk bearing gifts, they are sure to be ill-intentioned. (idiom)

175

黄鼠狼给鸡拜年,没安好心[黃鼠狼給雞拜年,沒安好心] huángshǔlánggěijībàiniánméi'ānhǎoxīn see 黃鼠狼給雞拜年|黄鼠狼给鸡拜年[huang2 shu3 lang2 gei3 ji1 bai4 nian2]

Beware of suspicious folk bearing gifts, they are sure to be ill-intentioned. (idiom)

176

黄鼠狼[黃鼠狼] huángshǔláng

weasel see 黃鼬|黄鼬[huang2 you4]

177

黄鼬[黃鼬] huángyòu

Siberian weasel ② Kolinsky weasel ③ Himalayan weasel

178

压抑[壓抑] yāyì

to constrain or repress emotions ② oppressive ③ stifling ④ depressing ⑤ repression

179

无为而治[無為而治] wúwéi'érzhì

to govern by doing nothing (idiom)

180

安知非福[安知非福] ānzhīfēifú

Who knows it isn't a blessing in disguise? (idiom)

181

塞翁失马安知非福[塞翁失馬安知非福] Sàiwēngshīmǎ'ānzhīfēifú

The old man lost his mare, but it all turned out for the best (idiom); fig. a blessing in disguise ② It's an ill wind that blows no-one any good.

182

塞[塞] sài

strategic pass

183

上瘾[上癮] shàngyǐn

to get into a habit ② to become addicted

184

可卡因[可卡因] kěkǎyīn

cocaine

185

难受[難受] nánshòu

to feel unwell ② to suffer pain ③ to be difficult to bear

186

格勒[格勒] gélè

onomat. laughing sound ② glug-glug haha!

187

国语[國語] guóyǔ

Chinese language (Mandarin), emphasizing its national nature ② Chinese as a primary or secondary school subject ③ Chinese in the context of the Nationalist Government ④ Guoyu, book of historical narrative c. 10th-5th century BC

188

肤浅[膚淺] fūqiǎn

skin deep ② superficial ③ shallow

189

字面[字面] zìmiàn

literal

190

字面意思[字面意思] zìmiànyìsi

literal meaning

191

潜在[潛在] qiánzài

hidden ② potential ③ latent

192

薯条[薯條] shǔtiáo

French fries ② French fried potatoes