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Flashcards in functionalism Deck (12):
1

social structure

Society has 4 main subsections

economic
political
kinship
community

each meets certain needs and works together in harmony

2

organic analogy

society is like the human body

made up of several organs all essential for each other to work

each organ has a specific purpose
all institutions work together harmoniously
organs interdependant

3

equilibrium

Functionalists see society in a harmonious state

Anything that contributes to this harmony is functional to society.
Anything that detracts from this harmony is dysfunctional for society.

4

Value consensus

Consensus is an agreement

sociologists believe that there must be an agreement in order for society to function and for there to be social order

5

Social stratification

Functionalists see the division of society into different strata or levels that are inevitable, necessary and functional.

6

Social stratification
inevitable


because it is found in all cities

7

social stratification
necessary

always got to be leaders in society

8

social stratification
functional

because the different social classes depend on each other,

9

social change

growth and social change come about when it is required to suit society or when functionally necessary.

adaptation- occurs when society adapts to changes
integration- occurs when society integrates something from outside itself.

10

individual&society

institutions are more interest than individuals.

11

Anomie

term used to indicate a condition where norms and values of society flux or are partially destroyed,

12

name all the key concepts of functionalism

organic analogy
social structure
equilibrium
value consensus
social stratification
social change
individual&society
anomie