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Flashcards in Functionalist View On The Family Deck (19):
1

What do functionalists believe society is based on?

A value consensus which is a set of norms and values which society socialises its members

2

What do they emphasise?

The positive role of the family

3

Give a weakness of the functionalist theory on family?

Base it on middle class nuclear families and constantly neglect ethnicity, social class or religion

4

What do Feminists argue that functionalists ignore?

The “dark side” of the family - conflict between husband and wife and child abuse

5

What do interpretivists think functionalists neglect?

The meanings families have for individuals and how they interpret relationships

6

Give 3 strengths of functionalists?

Recognise the functions the family performs

Recognise the importance of primary socialisation

Recognise the changing functions of the family

7

Give 3 weaknesses of the functionalists theory?

Ignores the dark side of the family

Ignores increasing family diversity

Doesn’t benefit all family members equally (feminists argue men benefit more than women )

8

What are Murdocks 4 functions of the family?

Sexual

Reproductive

Economic

Educational

9

What does Murdock argue the family is?

Universal and performs 4 major functions

10

What do Marxists argue the family meets the needs of?

Capitalism

11

Give 2 strengths of murdocks ideas?

Family is functional for all members

Nuclear family is best adapted to modern society

12

Give 2 weakness of murdocks ideas?

Ignores dark side of family

Feminists argue men benefit more than women

13

What 2 functions did Parsons say the family provides?

Primary socialisation of children

Stabilisation of adult personalities

14

What do functionalists see every institution as?

Essential for the smooth running of society

15

What does parsons think the home and family act as for the husband?

A warm bath

16

What do Marxists argue about parsons the theory?

That the family only provides this emotional support in order to encourage its members to accept another day of capitalism

17

What is the Theory of the fit?

Where the nuclear family fits the industrial economy because they are geographically mobile and not reliant on wider kin

18

What is the March of progress view?

Social theorists who see the family evolving or adapting in a progressive way to fit the changing needs of wider society

19

What is functionalism?

A consensus perspective that sees society based on shared values which its members are socialised