Flashcards in Functionalist View On The Family Deck (19):
What do functionalists believe society is based on?
A value consensus which is a set of norms and values which society socialises its members
What do they emphasise?
The positive role of the family
Give a weakness of the functionalist theory on family?
Base it on middle class nuclear families and constantly neglect ethnicity, social class or religion
What do Feminists argue that functionalists ignore?
The “dark side” of the family - conflict between husband and wife and child abuse
What do interpretivists think functionalists neglect?
The meanings families have for individuals and how they interpret relationships
Give 3 strengths of functionalists?
Recognise the functions the family performs
Recognise the importance of primary socialisation
Recognise the changing functions of the family
Give 3 weaknesses of the functionalists theory?
Ignores the dark side of the family
Ignores increasing family diversity
Doesn’t benefit all family members equally (feminists argue men benefit more than women )
What are Murdocks 4 functions of the family?
What does Murdock argue the family is?
Universal and performs 4 major functions
What do Marxists argue the family meets the needs of?
Give 2 strengths of murdocks ideas?
Family is functional for all members
Nuclear family is best adapted to modern society
Give 2 weakness of murdocks ideas?
Ignores dark side of family
Feminists argue men benefit more than women
What 2 functions did Parsons say the family provides?
Primary socialisation of children
Stabilisation of adult personalities
What do functionalists see every institution as?
Essential for the smooth running of society
What does parsons think the home and family act as for the husband?
A warm bath
What do Marxists argue about parsons the theory?
That the family only provides this emotional support in order to encourage its members to accept another day of capitalism
What is the Theory of the fit?
Where the nuclear family fits the industrial economy because they are geographically mobile and not reliant on wider kin
What is the March of progress view?
Social theorists who see the family evolving or adapting in a progressive way to fit the changing needs of wider society