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Flashcards in fund 40-42 & 57 Deck (55):
0

Safety precautions designed for the care of all client regardless of DX or infection status

Standard precautions

1

Practices that minimize or eliminate pathogenic organisms
(Clean technique)

Asepsis

2

CDC guidelines for PPE

Immunizations
Hand washing
PPE
Sharps disposals
Etc

3

Common nosocomial infections

Genitourinary
Bacteremia in blood
Surgical site
Respiratory
Gastrointestinal

4

Normally occurring or existing infections coming from ones body

Endogenous

5

Outside the body
Ex salmonella, clostridium, aspergillus

Exogenous

6

Chemicals that decrease the number of pathogens

Anti microbial agents

7

Gloves reduce hand contamination by

70%

8

Repeat exposure to gloves that you are allergic to will start

Skin irritations
Contact dermatitis
Anaphylaxis

9

Why is a person suffering from trauma susceptible to infections

Open wounds
Lowered immunity

10

Pre existing diseases can lead to

easy infections due to lowered immunity

11

What factor does age have on a persons immunity

Children are new to the world developing immunity to things as yet go
An elders immunity becomes more weak

12

Poor nutrition, over hydration and dehydration are susceptible to

Infections

13

Stress fatigue invasive therapy among others can lower

A persons resistance to infections

14

A nurses main goal to containing an infection

Breaking the chain of infection

15

Chain of infection u need

Causative agent-pathogen
Reservoir
Portal of exit
Vehicle if transmission
Portal of entry
Host new reservoir

16

skin is the first and best barrier to

Pathogens

17

The single most effective measure to reduce the risk of transmitting disease

Hand washing

18

Hand washing does

Reduces flora on skin
Po texts
Reduce chances of transmitting disease even when glove break

19

Name things hand washing does

Reduces flora on skin
Reduces against transmission of diseases

20

An invasion and multiplication of organisms in body tissues that cause injury to host

Infection

21

Joint commissions states that every hospital should have

And infection control committee

22

A central place for reporting surveillancing, investigating causes and controlling infections

Infection control committee

23

Designed to reduce the transmission if pathogens from moist body substances

Body substance isolation

24

1992 OSHA implemented the enforcement of policies, procedures and control measures that will prevent employee exposure to blood and body fluids of clients

BBP

25

Precautions designed for clients with specific infections or diseases

Transmission based precautions

26

How to treat airborne infections

Keep doors closed
Isolation
Respiratory protection
N95 respirator

27

Types of airborne diseases

TB, measles and chicken pox

28

How to treat droplet infections

-doorcan stay open
-Masked within 3ft of client
-client must wear mask during transport
-Shared room with clients with similar cases

29

Types of droplet infections

Pertussis
Influenza
Mumps
Rubella
Strep or me meningitis

30

How to treat contact infections

-Door can stay open
- gloves and proper PPE
-remove PPE before leaving room
-avoid transporting unless client has barriers

31

Isolation where facility uses color coded cards based on clients DX posted outside clients room with a note saying "must check with nurse before entering"

Category specific isolation

32

Isolation where there is a single all purpose sign outside door stating measures of precaution

Disease specific isolation

33

Are children allowed to visit those in isolation

No

34

What are some reasons children have week immune systems

New immune system
Children don't understand hygiene
Children have contact with many things

35

During care for a client in isolation do you unwrap medications before entering or inside room

Before entering room before putting on gloves

36

During isolation can you take records or charts into rooms

No

37

During care for client in isolation do you dispose of items used inside or outside room

Inside

38

Before collecting specimen what should you do

Label container

39

Place specimen in what before sending to laboratory

Biohazard bag

40

In double bagging technique which bag is considered clean

Te outside if the outside bag

41

When transporting a client in isolation you must

barrier the client in proper PPE

42

Attempts to prevent harmful microorganism a from coming into contact with client

Protective/reverse or neutropenic isolation

43

What kind of thermometer do you use with clients in neutropenic isolation

Tympanic probe
Forehead sensors

44

Terminal disinfection refers to care of clients unit after illness is over. Who does this

Housekeeping

45

Name two major contact precautions

MRSA and VRE

46

All clients are treated as if

They have infections

47

Spores can only be killed by

Sterilization

48

The process that results in the destruction of most pathogens but not their spores

Disinfection

49

The process of exposing articles to steam heat under pressure or to chemical disinfectants long enough to kill all microorganism a and spores

sterilization

50

Methods of sterilization

Autoclave, chemical disinfectants, radiation, gas sterilization

51

Gloves first when putting on PPE and come off

Last

52

Catheter care
Surgical
Sterile dress changing
Suture staple removal
Venipuncture and IVs all are procedures requiring

Sterile technique

53

Can skin be sterilized

No

54

Individual living animal or plant that is so small it can only be seen through a microscope

Microorgansim