fund 55 & 46 Flashcards Preview

LPN Level 1 > fund 55 & 46 > Flashcards

Flashcards in fund 55 & 46 Deck (65):
0

Abrupt pain
Nociceptive pain

Acute pain

1

Pain in one body part but insets from another body part

Referred pain

2

Discomfort continuing over a Lin period of time. 6 months or more
Neuropathic pain

Chronic pain

3

Chronic pain that resists therapy ethic intervention

Intractable pain

4

Naturally occurring substances in your body that relive pain

Endorphins

5

Name foods that may decrease endorphin production

Caffeine
Nicotine
Alcohol
Salt & sugar

6

Coldspa

Character
Onset
Location
Duration
Severity
Pattern
Associated factors

7

Describe sign or symptom

Character

8

When did it begin

Onset

9

Where is the pain

Location

10

How long does it last

Duration

11

How bad is it

Severity

12

What makes it better

Pattern

13

What other symptoms occur with it

Associates factors

14

TPR

Temp
Pulse
Respirations

15

Flow sheet for vital signs, I&O , weight

Graph record

16

Normal body temp

98.6F
37C

17

Signs and symptoms of febrile

Flushed face
Hot skin
Bright eyes
Restlessness
Chills
Thirst

18

Symptoms of low temp

Cold clammy skin, pale

19

Brains heat regulating ctr
Controls body get by controlling blood temperature

Hypothalamus

20

Pyrexia

Fever

21

A fever that alternates between high and subnormal temp

Intermittent fever

22

A temperature that rises several degrees then returns to normal

Remittent fever

23

A sudden drop from fever to normal

Crisis

24

When elevated temp returns to normal gradually

Lysis

25

Fever that goes away for a day and then comes back

Relapsing fever

26

Below normal body temperature is called

Hypothermia

27

Max temperature

108

28

Lowest temperature

93.2

29

Locations to take temperature

Oral
Rectal
Axillary
Tympanic
Temporal

30

If a person has drank cold or hot water or smoked before taking temperature what do you do

Make them wait 15 min

31

Which is the least accurate temperature

Ax
Ancillary

32

measure thermal radiation from tympanic membrane
Highly accurate to blood temp near thalamus

Tympanic temperature

33

During fever pulse rate...

Increases

34

Fast heart rate
Over 100 RPM

Tachycardia

35

Slow heart rate
Below 60 RPM

Bradycardia

36

Pulse rate in children

120-140 BPM

37

Weak pulse

Threads

38

Strong pulse

Full, bounding

39

Palpate

Feel pulse with fingers

40

Listening to pulses

Auscultation

41

Where can you palate a pulse

Radial
Temporal
Madibular
Carotid
Femoral

42

Where can you auscultation a pulse

Apical

43

PMI

Point of maximal pulse

44

Where is the PMI pulse

Apical

45

Normal Respirations

12-20RPM

46

Normal Respirations in newborns

25-35 RPM

47

Normal breathing

Eupnea

48

Rapid breathing

Tachypnea

49

Slow breathing

Brandypnea

50

Usually a concern with overdose
Low oxygen slow breathing

Hypo ventilation

51

Diabetic coma and uremia increase depth rate labored breathing

Kussmauls Respirations

52

Occurs when air passes through secretions present in lungs

Stertorous breathing

53

Deep rapid breathing with periods of apnea

Cheyenne strokes Respirations

54

Irregular patterned breathing
Rating depth and rate
Periods of apnea

Biots Respirations

55

Difficulty breathing

Dyspnea

56

Client can only breathe sitting upright

Orthopnea

57

Blue skin

Cyanosis

58

Cardiac output an peripheral resistance

Blood pressure

59

Decrease in elasticity in walls of lungs

Arteriosclerosis

60

Plaque build up in lungs

Atherosclerosis

61

HTN

Hypertension

62

SBP

Systolic blood pressure

63

DBP

Diastolic blood pressure

64

Difference between systolic and diastolic

Pulse pressure