Flashcards in Fundamentals Of Nutrition Deck (42):
List the BMI classifications fo underweight, normal weight, overweight, obese stage 1, obese stage 2, and morbidly obese
Underweight = < 18.5
Normal = 18.5-24.9
Overweight = 25.0-29.9
Obese stage 1 = 30.0-34.9
Obese stage 2 = 35.0-39.9
Morbidly obese = > 40.0
How many calories are in the following?
A gram of alcohol
A gram of protein
A gram of carbs
A gram of fat
Alcohol = 7
Protein = 4
Carbs = 4
Fat = 9
The food pyramid is based on a 2,000 cal/day diet and recommends the following ratios:
10-15% protein, 25-35% fat, rest from carbs
Essential fatty acids
Linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid
List the essential amino acids, which are obtained from the diet
Arginine (in children)
List the non-essential amino acids
Alanine, asparagine, aspartic acid, cysteine, glutamic acid, glutamine, glycine, proline, serine, tyrosine
Most absorption occurs in the?
What are the water soluble vitamins?
All of the B vitamins and vitamin C
Rest are lipid soluble
What is associated with vitamin B2/riboflavin deficiency?
Chellosis, angular stomatitis, dermatitis
B2 is found in milk!
What is associated with vitamin B3 (niacin) deficiency?
Pellagra with diarrhea, dermatitis, and dementia, death (4 D’s)
What is associated with vitamin C (ascorbic acid) deficiency?
Scurvy with petechiae, ecchymoses, bleeding gums
What is associated with vitamin b1/thiamine deficiency?
Beriberi, polyneuritis, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
What is associated with vitamin b5/pantothenic acid deficiency?
This is rare!
Fatigue, sleep disturbances, impaired coordination
What is associated with vitamin b6/pyridoxine deficiency?
Nasolateral seborrhea, glossitis, peripheral neuropathy
What is associated with vitamin b12/cobalamin deficiency?
Pernicious anemia, neurological disorders, pallor
What is associated with a deficiency in biotin?
Fatigue, depression, nausea, dermatitis, muscle pain
What is associated with a deficiency of folate?
Megaloblastic anemia, mental status changes, glossitis, pallor
Thiamine/b1 deficiency could be caused by?
B1 is involved with the TCA cycle
Muscle wasting, partial paralysis
Cardiac failure, peripheral edema
Niacin/b3 deficiency can be caused by?
Tryptophan deficiency —> niacin deficiency
Deficiency in pyridoxine/b6 can be caused by?
Deficiency in biotin/b7 can be caused by?
Excessive consumption of raw eggs (avidin binds to biotin)
Deficiency of this in pregnancy can cause spina bifida:
Deficiency in cobalamin/b12 can be a used by?
Total vegetarian diet long-term
Resection of terminal ileum (Crohn’s disease!)
This vitamin can be teratogenic in pregnancy:
Form of vitamin D from plants
Form of vitamin D from sun or milk
Storage form of vitamin D in the liver
Active form of vitamin D formed in the kidney