Funtions Of Organelles Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Funtions Of Organelles Deck (10):
1

Description and function of mitochondria

Oval shaped, double membrane, inner folds to form the cristae, inside is the matrix containing respiration enzymes
Site of aerobic respiration

2

Description and function of chloroplasts

Small flattened, granum join to form grana, which are linked by lamellae forming thylakoid membranes
Site of photosynthesis

3

Description and function of Golgi apparatus

Fluid filled membrane bound flattened sacs
Process and packages lipids and proteins
Also makes lysosomes

4

Description and function of Golgi vesicle

Fluid filled sacs
Stores lipids and proteins that have been produced and transports them out of the cell

5

Description and function of lysosomes

Round organelle, type of Golgi vesicle
Contains digestive enzymes called lysozymes, can be used to digest invading cells

6

Description and function of ribosomes

Made up of proteins and RNA
The site where proteins are made

7

Description and function of rough endoplasmic reticulum

Membranes containing fluid covered by ribosomes
Folds and processes proteins made at the ribosomes

8

Description and function of smooth endoplasmic reticulum

No ribosomes
Synthesises and processes lipids

9

Description and function of cell wall

Rigid structure made of cellulose, in fungi it’s made of chitin
Supports cells and prevents them from changing shape

10

Description and function of vacuoles

Membrane containing cell sap
Helps to maintain pressure in the cell and keep it rigid so it doesn’t wilt