G&D General Flashcards Preview

NP > G&D General > Flashcards

Flashcards in G&D General Deck (30):
1

What is the expected pattern of growth in a child?

Cephalo --> Caudal
Proximal --> Distal

2

Caloric requirement
Birth to 6 months

120 kcal/kg/day

3

Caloric requirement
7 months to 1 year

100 kcal/kg/day

4

Caloric requirement
2 years to 10 years

100 --> 70 kcal/kg/day

5

Caloric requirement
Adolescents

45 kcal/kg/day

6

Caloric requirement
Adult

30 kcal/kg/day

7

Expected weight gain for first 3 months

30 g/day (1 oz/day)

8

Expected weight gain for 3 - 6 months

15 - 20 g/day

9

At what age should Vitamin D supplementation begin?

2 months of age
(through adolescence)

10

What is the recommended Vitamin D dosage?

400 IU daily

11

At what age should Iron supplementation begin?

6 months of age

12

What is the recommended Iron dosage?

1 mg/kg/day

13

How many pounds in a kilogram?

2.2

14

At what age should FLUORIDE supplementation begin?
(if minimum water supply of ____ is not met)

6 months of age

0.6 ppm

15

What is the recommended fluoride dosage?

0.25 mg per day - 6 months to 3 years
0.5 mg per day - 3 to 6 years
1 mg per day - 6 to 16 years

16

What is the initial expected weight loss for a newborn?

10% of birth weight

17

How soon should a newborn regain lost birth weight?

1 - 2 weeks

18

By what age will a child have DOUBLED birth weight?

4 - 5 months

19

By what age will a child have TRIPLED birth weight?

1 year

20

By what age will a child have QUADRUPLED birth weight?

2 years

21

How much weight do children gain per year between age 2 years and puberty?

2 kg/year

4.4 lbs/year

22

In what order do teeth erupt?

Central incisor
Lateral incisor
Cuspid (canine)
First molar
Second molar

23

At what age does the first tooth typically erupt?

6 months

24

Age to begin supplementation:
Vitamin D
Iron
Fluoride

Vitamin D - 2 months

Iron and Fluoride - 6 months

25

What areas does the Denver II assess?

Gross motor
Fine motor
Language
Personal-social

26

Does the Denver II assess intelligence?

no

27

At what age do BMI calculations begin?

2 years

28

Is actual chronological age is used for assessment of premature infants?

No -
a corrected gestational age is used for developmental expectations up to 2 years of age

29

How is BMI calculated?

weight in kg / height in meters squared

30

How is bone age determined?

X-ray of tarsals and carpals determines extent of ossification