Flashcards in G & D - Theorists Deck (25):
What was the focus of Jean Piaget's theory?
"What does the child KNOW?"
What are Piaget's stages of cognitive development?
Pre-operational - Preconceptual & Intuitive
Birth to 2 years
Pre-operational - Preconceptual
2 to 4 years
Pre-operational - Intuitive
4 to 7 years
beginning of causation
7 to 11 years
conservation of number
11 to 15 years
What was the focus of Erikson's theory?
Major "versus" tasks at each stage
Erikson = Viking = Versus
Erikson - INFANCY characterized by:
trust vs. mistrust
Erikson - TODDLER characterized by:
autonomy vs. shame and doubt
Erikson - PRESCHOOL characterized by:
initiatve vs. guilt
Erikson - SCHOOL AGE characterized by:
industry vs. inferiority
Erikson - ADOLESCENCE characterized by:
identity vs. role confusion
What was the focus of Freud's theory?
Three stages of personality development
Stages of psychosexual development
Freud - 3 stages of personality development?
Id - pleasure
Ego - reality/self-interest
Superego - morality/conscience
Freud's stages of psychosexual development
Oral - infancy
passive - birth to 6 months
aggressive - 7 to 18 months
Anal - toddler
Phallic - preschool
Latency - school age
Genital - adolescence
Freud - what stages does an infant go through?
Oral stage - passive then aggressive
Freud - what stage does a toddler go through?
Freud - what stage does a preschooler go through?
Phallic (love of opposite sex, Oedipal complex)
Freud - what stage dose a school age child go through?
Freud - what stage does an adolescent go through?
what is the "cornerstone of vital personality"?
Erikson's term for a pre-operational child who can only focus on one aspect of a situation before
the tendency of children to regard their environment in terms of only their own point of view