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Flashcards in G & D - Theorists Deck (25):
1

What was the focus of Jean Piaget's theory?

Cognitive development

"What does the child KNOW?"

2

What are Piaget's stages of cognitive development?

Sensorimotor
Pre-operational - Preconceptual & Intuitive
Concrete thinking
Formal operational

3

Sensorimotor
age?
defining feature?

Birth to 2 years

object permanence

4

Pre-operational - Preconceptual
age?
defining feature?

2 to 4 years

egocentrism

5

Pre-operational - Intuitive
age?
defining feature?

4 to 7 years

beginning of causation

6

Concrete thinking
age?
defining feature?

7 to 11 years

conservation of number
logical operations

7

Formal operational
age?
defining feature?

11 to 15 years

abstract thinking
logical conclusions

8

What was the focus of Erikson's theory?

Psychosocial development

Major "versus" tasks at each stage

Erikson = Viking = Versus

9

Erikson - INFANCY characterized by:

trust vs. mistrust

10

Erikson - TODDLER characterized by:

autonomy vs. shame and doubt

11

Erikson - PRESCHOOL characterized by:

initiatve vs. guilt

12

Erikson - SCHOOL AGE characterized by:

industry vs. inferiority

13

Erikson - ADOLESCENCE characterized by:

identity vs. role confusion

14

What was the focus of Freud's theory?

Three stages of personality development

Stages of psychosexual development

15

Freud - 3 stages of personality development?

Id - pleasure
Ego - reality/self-interest
Superego - morality/conscience

16

Freud's stages of psychosexual development

Oral - infancy
passive - birth to 6 months
aggressive - 7 to 18 months
Anal - toddler
Phallic - preschool
Latency - school age
Genital - adolescence

17

Freud - what stages does an infant go through?

Oral stage - passive then aggressive

18

Freud - what stage does a toddler go through?

Anal

19

Freud - what stage does a preschooler go through?

Phallic (love of opposite sex, Oedipal complex)

20

Freud - what stage dose a school age child go through?

Latency

21

Freud - what stage does an adolescent go through?

Genital

22

Erikson -
what is the "cornerstone of vital personality"?

basic trust

23

Centration

Erikson's term for a pre-operational child who can only focus on one aspect of a situation before

24

Egocentrism

Erikson
the tendency of children to regard their environment in terms of only their own point of view

25

Animism

Erikson
a child projecting the ability to think/feel on an inanimate object