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Flashcards in Gallbladder Deck (36):
1

Diagn. these symptons
1.pain
2.jaundice

gallbladder disease

2

what is the most classic symptom of gallbladder disease

pain

3

This symptoms is what disease?
RUQ pain usually occurring after ingestion of greasy foods.

gallbladder disease

4

what are the different pain symptoms of gallbladder disease?

1 nausea and vomiting
2 right shoulder pain
3 RUQ pain usually occuring after ingestion of greasy foods

5

The presence of bile in tissues resulting in yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes

jaundice

6

__________ develops when a stone blocks the bile duts between the gallbladder and intestines, producing pressure on the liver and forcing bile into the blood

jaundice

7

_________ is thickened bile occuring due to bile stasis.

Sludge

8

________ may be seen in patiens with prolonged fasting or hyperalimentation therapy and with obstruction of the gallbladder

Sludge

9

Where can sludge be seen?

CBD

10

T or F
Sludge is gravity dependent

True

11

Name this Sonographic Findings:
-Prominet gallbladder
-contains low level echos

Sludge

12

Sludge may be seen in ________, ________ and other ________ _________.

Choleithiasis
cholecystitis
biliary diseases

13

Does not layer out evenly and may resemble polypoid mass or pseudo tumor

Tumefactive sludge

14

Tumefactive Sludge

sludge balls, mobile round non-shadowing echogenic masses in dependent gallbladder

15

Gholecystitis, adenomyomatosis, cancer, cholangiopathy, sclerosing cholangitis may cause _________ wall to thicken

gallbladder

16

what is the normal measurement of a gallbladder?

3mm

17

Nonbiliary diseases that may also cause wall thickening of the gallbladder. (7)

Cirrhosis
Hepatitis
Pancreatitis
portal hypertension
heart failure
ascities
aids

18

when measureing the wall thickness of the gallbladder, the transducer should be _________ to the anterior wall

perpendicular
(usually done

19

Anterior wall of gallbladder is measured _______ to ________ margins

outer, outer

20

inflammation of the gallbladder

cholecystitis

21

acute, chronic, acalculous, emphysematous, gangrenous are several forms of ?

cholecystitis

22

most commonly caused by cholelithiasis that creates a cystic duct obstruction?

acute cholecystitis

23

______ _______ is six times more common in owmen than in men

acute cholecystitis

24

what aged women are affected the most with acute cholecystitis?

middle aged

25

what is the 5th leading cause of hospitilization?

acute cholecystitis

26

diagn. these symptoms:
-sharp RUQ pain radiating to the back
-elevated WBC
-fever
-nausea
-vomiting
-positive Murphy's sign

Acute Cholecystitis

27

what is a positive Murphy's sign?

patient is tender over gallbladder region to touch or tranducer pressure

28

Name the disease with these complications:
-Empyema
-Emphysematous cholecystits
-gangrenous cholecystitis
-perforation

Acute Cholecystitis

29

Name disease ?
sonographic findings
-stones
-sludge
-hydrops
-pericholcystic fluid
-gallbladder amy even appear normal

acute cholecystitis

30

What is the most common for of gallbladder inflammation?

chronic cholecystitis

31

Results due to numerous attacks of acute choleyctstitis with subsequent ______ of the gallbladder wall.

fibrosis

32

_________ lining of the gallbladder becomes damaged and the gallbladder loses the ability to _______ _______ efficiently

store bile

33

normal CBD is ______ in diameter

6mm

34

CBD should never exceed ______ in diameter

10mm

35

name disease for these symptoms
-RUQ pain after eating- not as severe as an acute attack
*greasy foods, creams, chocolate
-Flatulent
-Frequent Belching
-Sour taste in mouth

Chronic Cholecystitis

36

diagn. these sono. findings:
-cholelithiasis
-contracted gallbladder
-coarse gallbladder wall thickening
-WES sign)Wall, Echo, Shadow)

Chronic Cholecystitis