Gas Exchange - Insects Flashcards Preview

AQA A-Level Biology Year 1 > Gas Exchange - Insects > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gas Exchange - Insects Deck (13)
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1

What is the exoskeleton?

rigid , has a waxy substance

2

What properties does the exoskeleton have?

waterproof , which is difficult for gases to diffuse through, but reduces water loss

3

What are the holes of the exoskeleton called ?

spiracles

4

What do the spiracles do?

air enters through them and they can be opened for closed

5

what do the hairs around me the spiracles do?

reduce water loss

6

what do larger insects have?

a ventilation system , with contractions of the abdomen

7

What happens once air passes through the spiracles?

goes into the tracheae then into the tracheoles, then diffusion into the cell

8

what is the tracheae

passages with rigid rings to keep them open

9

what are tracheoles?

come off the tracheae and there are many of them which increases the surface area and a short diffusion difference

10

How do larger insects take in more oxygen rapidly when active

my sled pulling the skeletal plates of the abdominal segments together, pumps air into the sacs and recoil lowers the pressure inside which causes air to leave again out of the spiracles

11

What is an adaptation of insects involving water?

the tracheoles fill up with water and when the muscles are working hard, the muscles produce lactate , lowering the water potential , so water passes in via osmosis , drawing air into the tracheoles closet and reducing diffusion distance

12

what happens when the abdomen shape expands?

causes the thoracic spiracles to open and the abdomen spiracles close.

this increases volume and reduces pressure

therefore air comes rushing in through thoracic spiracles

13

what happens when the abdomen relaxes?

the volume is decreased and the pressure is increased

thoracic spiracles close, abdomen spiracles open and air rushes out