Gastrointestinal disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gastrointestinal disorders Deck (28):
1

Most common type of esophageal atresia

Type C: EA with distal TEF (87%)

2

Most common esophageal disease in children of all ages

GERD

3

Most common foreign body ingested in children

Coins

4

If flat surface of coin is seen on AP view, and edge on lateral view, where is the coin lodged? Esophagus or Trachea?

Esophagus

5

If edge of coin is seen on AP view, and flat surface on lateral view, where is the coin lodged? Esophagus or Trachea?

Trachea

6

Infant with postprandial, nonbilous vomiting & firm, movable olive-shaped abdominal mass on PE

Pyloric stenosis

7

Barium study: String sign, Double tract sign, Shoulder sign

Pyloric stenosis

8

Ultrasound findings confirmatory of pyloric stenosis

Pyloric thickness >4mm or
Length >14mm

9

Surgical procedure for Pyloric stenosis

Ramstedt pyloromyotomy

10

Triad of Volvulus

S-I-R

Sudden onset of severe epigastric pain
Inability to pass tube into stomach
Retching with emesis

11

Bird's beak sign
Inverted U sign
Coffee bean sign

Sigmoid volvulus

12

Bilous vomiting without abdominal distention usually noted on 1st day of life

Duodenal atresia

13

Double bubble sign on abdominal X-ray

Duodenal atresia

14

Corkscrew sign on UGIS

Malrotation

15

Most common type of malrotation

Failure of cecum to move into the RLQ

16

Imaging test of choice and gold standard in evaluation and diagnosis of malrotation and volvulus

Upper GI Series (UGIS)

17

Most frequent Congenital GI anomaly

Meckel's diverticulum

18

Intermittent painless rectal bleeding, brick-colored or currant jelly colored stool in children <2 yo

Meckel diverticulum

19

Most common cause of lower intestinal obstruction in Neonates

Hirschprung disease

20

Gold standard in diagnosis of Hirschprung disease

Rectal suction biopsy

21

Definitive procedures for Hirschprung disease

Swenson, Duhamel, Soave, Boley endorectal pull-through via laparoscopy

22

Most common cause of intestinal Obstruction in children 5mos to 3 yo

Intussusception

23

Most common abdominal emergency in children <2 yo

Intussesception

24

Severe paroxysmal colicky lain, Currant jelly stool, tender sausage-shaped mass in the RUQ

Intussusception

25

Barium enema: Coiled-spring sign

Intussusception

26

Average composition of diarrhea per liter

Na: 55 mEq
K: 22 mEq
HCO: 15 mEq

27

Composition of standard ORS in mEq/L

Glucose 75
Sodium 75
Chloride 65
Potassium 20
Citrate 10

Osmolarity 245

28

Epigastric pain, vomiting, abdominal X-ray shows dilated transverse colon (cut-off sign), blurring of left psoas margin

Acute pancreatitis