Flashcards in Gen. Med: Head, ENT Deck (15)
The cerebrum controls...
Coordinates all voluntary muscle activities, interprets sensory impulses & controls higher mental functions (memory, reasoning, intelligence, learning, judgement, & emotion)
Synergistic movements of skeletal muscle and plays a critical role in coordination of voluntary movements
The pons controls...
Sleep, posture, respiration, swallowing, & bladder
The medulla oblongata location ad function
*Lowest part of the brain stem
*regulates HR, breathing, BP, coughing, sneezing, & vomiting
Layers of meninges...
3 membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord
*Consists of dense, fibrous, in elastic sheath
*Encloses the brain and cord
*Extremely delicate sheath
*Lines the dura mater
*Attached to the spinal cord
The Subdural space contains...
*Connects the dura & arachnoid
The Subarachnoid space...
*Contains spinal fluid
*Separates the arachnoid and pia
The Pia mater...
*Delicate, highly vascularized membrane
*Adheres closely to the spinal cord & brain
Cerebrospinal fluid location & function
*Between arachnoid & pia
^completely surrounds & suspends the brain
*Cushions & diminishes shock force
6 aspects of neurological exam...
1. Cerebral: cognitive function
2. Cranial Nerve
3. Cerebellar: coordination & motor function
Bleeding behind the ears