Gen Med Terms Flashcards Preview

BOC Exam Vocabulary > Gen Med Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gen Med Terms Deck (72):
1

Temporary cessation of breathing

Apnea

2

Characterized by prolonged INS unrelieved by attempts to EXP; indicates trauma to pons

Apneustic breathing

3

Disease of the lungs characterized by constriction of bronchial muscles, increased bronchial secretions, and mucosal swelling, all leading to airway narrowing and inadequate airflow during respiration

Asthma

4

Result of a severe allergic reaction caused by foods, insect stings, or drugs by inhaling dusts, pollens, or other substances

Anaphylactic shock

5

Characterized by unpredictable irregularity, whereby breaths may be shallow/deep and stop for short periods, indicating respiratory depression and brain damage, typically at the medullary level

Ataxic (Biot's) breathing

6

Acute compression of the heart b/c of effusion of fluid or blood into the pericardium from a rupture of the heart penetrating trauma

Cardiac tamponade

7

Inability of the heart to pump enough blood to the body

Cardiogenic shock

8

Periods of deep breathing alternating w/ periods of apnea

Cheyne-Stokes breathing

9

Bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes resulting from inadequate oxygenation of blood

Cyanosis

10

Metabolic disorder characterized by near or absolute lack of the hormone insulin, insulin resistance, or both

Diabetes mellitus

11

Condition whereby an excess of ketoacids in blood can lowre blood pH to 7.0; manifested by ketones in breath, blood, and urine

Diabetic ketoacidosis

12

Producing or increasing perspiration

Diaphoretic

13

Double vision; seeing double

Diptopia

14

Difficulty in swallowing

Dysphagia

15

Labored or difficult breathing

Dyspnea

16

Painful or difficult urination

Dysuria

17

Black and blue skin discoloration caused by hemorrhage

Ecchymosis

18

Mass of undissolved matter

Embolus

19

Vomiting

Emesis

20

Agent that induces vomiting

Emetic

21

Inflammation of the brain, especially of the cerebral hemisphere, cerebellum, or brainstem, caused by a viral infection

Encephalitis

22

Ectopic occurrence of endometrial tissue, frequently forming cysts containing altered blood

Endometriosis

23

Disorder of the brain characterized by recurrent episodes of sudden, excessive discharges of electrical activity in the brain

Epilepsy

24

Nosebleed

Expistaxis

25

Redness of the skin caused by dilation and congestion of the capillaries, often a sign of inflammation or infection

Erythema

26

Toxic goiter characterized by diffuse hyperplasia of the thyroid gland; form of hyperthyroidism

Graves disease

27

Bad breath

Halitosis

28

Collection of blood within a joint or cavity

Hemarthrosis

29

Vomiting of blood

Hematemesis

30

Rapid accumulation of blood and fluid in the scrotum around the testicle and cord

Hematocele

31

Localized mass of blood and lymph confined within a space or tissue

Hematoma

32

Blood or RBC in the urine

Hematuria

33

Hemoglobin in the urine; in sufficient quantities, hemoglobin results in urine being colored from light red-yellow to fairly dark red

Hemoglubinuria

34

Bleeding disorder characterized by a deficiency of selected proteins in the body's blood clotting system

Hemophilia

35

Inflammation of the liver

Hepatitis

36

Abnormally high levels of glucose in the circulating blood that can lead to diabetic coma

Hyperglycemia

37

Excessive or profuse sweating

Hyperhidrosis

38

Sustained elevated BP above 140 mmHg systolic or 90 mmHg diastolic

Hypertension

39

Elevated body temperature

Hyperthermia

40

Excessive hypertrophy of the heart, often of obscure or unknown origin

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

41

Abnormally low levels of glucose in the circulating blood that can lead to insulin shock

Hypoglycemia

42

Characterized by a fall of 20 mmHg or more from a person's normal baseline systolic BP

Hypotension

43

Decreased body temperature

Hypothermia

44

Shock caused by a reduction in blood volume, as from hemorrhage or dehydration

Hypovolemic shock

45

Having a reduced concentration of oxygen in air, blood, or tissue, short of anoxia

Hypoxia

46

Coughing up blood

Hemoptysis

47

The clumping together of cells that block small blood vessels, leading to vascular occlusion, ischemia, and necrosis in organs

Infarcts

48

Acute illness associated w/ Epstein-Barr herpesvirus and characterized by fever, sore throat, enlargement of the lymph nodes and spleen, and which changes to lymphocytosis

Infectious mononucleosis

49

Acute, infectious repiratory tract condition characterized by malaise, headache, dry cough, and general muscle aches

Influenza

50

Local anemia due to decreased blood supply; decrease in blood supply to a bodily organ, tissue, or part caused by constriction or obstruction of the blood vessels

Ischemia

51

Condition caused by excess accumulation of acid or a loss of base in the body; characteristic of diabetes mellitus

Ketoacidosis

52

Spasmodic closure of the glottic aperture, leading to SOB, coughing, cyanosis, and even a loss of consciousness

Laryngospasm

53

Disease of the mouth characterized by white patches and oral lesions on the cheeks, gums, and/or tongue that can lead to oral cancer

Leukoplakia

54

Inflammatory disorder that typically occurs during the summer months and is characterized by a specific lesion and accompanied by fever, malaise, fatigue, headache, and stiff neck

Lyme disease

55

Lethargic feeling of general discofort; an out of sorts feeling

Malaise

56

Inherited connective tissue disorder affecting many organs but commonly resulting in dilation and weakening of the thoracic aorta

Marfan syndrome

57

When a severe illness goes untreated; extreme loss of body fluid

Metabolic shock

58

Point 1/3 the distance between the ASIS and umbilicus that, w/ deep palpation, produces rebound tenderness and indicates appendicitis

McBurney's point

59

Inflammation of the meninges that surround the brain and spinal cord

Meningitis

60

Prolonged or profuse menses

Menorrhagia

61

Heart attack

Myocardial infarction

62

Inflammatory condition of the muscular walls of the heart that can result from a bacterial or viral infection

Myocarditis

63

Caused by the general dilation of blood vessels within the CV system
Typical 6L of blood can no longer fill the system
CV system can no longer supply oxygen to body

Neurogenic shock

64

Defined as the need to wake up and pass urine at night

Nocturia

65

Low BP caused by a sudden change in body position, such as moving from a lying to a standing position

Orthostatic hypotension

66

Compression of venous return to the heart b/c of increased volume of fluid in the pericardium; usually results from direct trauma to the chest

Pericardial tamponade

67

Condition whereby air is trapped in the pleural space, causing a portion of the lung to collapse

Pneumothorax

68

Frequent drinking b/c of extreme thirst

Polydipsia

69

Excessive hunger and food consumption; gluttony

Polyphagia

70

Excessive excretion of urine leading to a huge urinary output of water and electrolytes leading to decreased blood volume and further dehydration

Polyuria

71

Intense itching

Pruritus

72

Presence of pus in the urine; usually a sign of urinary tract infection

Pyuria