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Penn Foster: Vet Terms > General > Flashcards

Flashcards in General Deck (108)
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1

Anemia

Red blood cell deficiency

2

Anesthetic

Relating to anesthesia; an anesthetic agent, causing a loss of feeling

3

Antibody

Substance that destroys disease-causing bacteria

4

Anticoagulant

Substance that hinders blood clotting

5

Antigen

Substance that stimulates the body's immune system

6

Antiseptic

Clean; preventing the growth of microorganisms

7

Antivenin

Substance that counteracts the toxicity of venom

8

Apnea

Periodic cessation of breathing

9

Arthritis

Joint inflammation

10

Artificial respiration

Rhythmic forcing of air into lungs that have stopped breathing

11

Aseptic technique

Procedure for preventing infection

12

atrophic rhinitis

The wasting away if mucous membranes or glands

13

Avulsion

Detachment or tearing away of a body part

14

Bacteria

Microscopic plants, often parasitic & disease- causing

15

Biopsy

Removal & examination of tissues for diagnosis

16

Brucellosis

An infection caused by brucella bacteria

17

Canine distemper

Viral disease of dogs, marked by fever & respiratory problems

18

Canine parvovirus

Virus that causes a deadly disease in dogs

19

Cardiomyopathy

Chronic disorder of the heart, common in dogs

20

Catheterization

Introduction of a catheter into a body part

21

Colic

Acute abdominal pain; common in horses

22

Coagulant

Agent that produces blood clotting

23

Abrasion

Irritation of skin or mucous membrane

24

Coma

State of deep unconsciousness

25

Compress

Folded cloth or pad applied so as to press on a body part

26

Constipation

Infrequent, difficult passage of dry feces

27

Convulsion

Uncontrolled, violent muscle contraction

28

Cortisone

Anti-inflammatory hormone

29

Cropping

Cosmetic surgical removal of large portion of a dog's ear

30

Cystitis

Inflammation of the bladder

31

Diabetes insipidus

Diabetic condition caused by pituitary disorder

32

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetic condition caused by an inadequate supply of insulin

33

Disinfectant

Agent that destroys infection

34

Dissociative agent

Anesthetic that chemically dissociates (separates out) perceptions of pain

35

Docking

Cosmetic surgical removal of a portion of a dog's tail

36

Dyspnea

Difficulty breathing

37

Emesis

Regurgitation (vomiting)

38

Endotracheal intubation

Placement of a tube through the trachea

39

Enema

Injection of liquid through the anus to empty the intestine

40

Endogenous

Origination from within the organism

41

Enzootic pneumonia

Infection of the lungs found in specific kinds of animals

42

Epiphysis

Part of bone where growth occurs; often breakage site in young animals

43

Euthanasia

Merciful, painless killing of an injured or ill animal

44

exogenous

Origination from outside the organism

45

External

Occurring on the outside

46

Feline panleukopenia

Viral leukemia of cats, usually fatal

47

Feline infectious

Infectious inflammation of the peritoneum of cats peritonitis

48

Feline urolithiasis

Condition in cats; caused by mineral deposits in the urinary tract

49

Fracture

Break in bone; rupture

50

Gastroenteritis

Inflammation of the membrane lining the stomach & intestines

51

Halitosis

Bad breath

52

Heimlich maneuver

Procedure to remove obstruction from the windpipe of a choking victim

53

Hematocrit

Laboratory procedure to determine the percentage of red blood cells in the body

54

Hemophilia

Condition of delayed blood clotting

55

Hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver

56

Herpes virus

Inflammatory virus that reproduces in the cell nucleus

57

Hydrothorax

Excess fluid in the lining of the lungs

58

Hyperthyroidism

Excessive function of the thyroid gland

59

Hypertrophy

Exaggerated growth

60

Hypnotic

Trance-like state produces without drugs, or a drug that causes a hypnotic state

61

Hypothyroidism

Deficient activity of the thyroid gland

62

Immunity

Ability to resist disease

63

Incision

Cut made into the body

64

Inhalant

Medication breathed in

65

Internal

Occurring on the inside

66

Laceration

Wound produced by tearing, as opposed to cutting, of body tissue

67

Leptospirosis

Infectious canine disease; part of routine dog vaccination

68

Lethargic

Sluggish

69

Leukemia

Disease of the white blood cells

70

Luxation

Dislocation

71

Lymphosarcoma

Malignant lymph tumor tending to spread freely; common in cattle

72

Malignant catarrhal fever

Mucous membrane inflammation; common in cattle

73

Mastitis

Inflammation of the breast

74

Neutralize

Counteract the effect of

75

Palpate

Exams by touch

76

Parainfluenza

Viral infection of the respiratory tract; part of routine dog vaccination

77

Parasite

Organism living on or in another organism

78

Pathology

The structural & functional signs of disease, or study of its essential nature

79

Phenylbutazone toxicity

Reaction to the anti-inflammatory analgesic phenylbutazone

80

Pneumonic pasteurellosis

Infection of the lungs; found in cattle

81

Pneumothorax

Air in the pleural cavity

82

Polydipsia

Excessive thirst

83

Polyphagia

Excessive appetite

84

Polyuria

Excessive urination

85

Prolapse

Slipping of a body part from its usual position

86

Puncture

(Verb)

The act of piercing a pointed object or instrument

87

Puncture

(Noun)

A wound made with a pointed object or instrument

88

Pyelonephritis

Inflammation of the kidney & pelvis caused by bacterial infection

89

Rabies

Acute infectious viral disease of the central nervous system

90

Radiograph

X-Ray photograph

91

Radiology

The use of radiant energy (x-rays) in diagnosis & treatment

92

Reduction

Returning of broken bones to correct position

93

Rupture

Tearing or breaking apart of a tissue

94

Sedative

Tranquilizing drug

95

Serology

Tests using blood serum

96

Smear

Material spread on a slide for microscopic examination

97

Specimen

Small amount of a body fluid used in laboratory tests

98

Sterile

Free from microorganisms

99

Stimulant

Drug that produces increases body functions

100

Superficial

Near the surface

101

Surgery

Operative or manual procedure to correct a health condition

102

Symptom

Indication of the presence of disease

103

Tetanus

Acute infectious disease usually introduced through a wound

104

Toxic

Poisonous

105

toxoplasmosis

A contagious disease of all species cause by Toxoplasma gondii

106

Vaccine

Artificial immunization agent

107

Zoonosis

Disease of animals that can be transmitted to humans

108

Antibiotic

Substance that destroys disease-causing bacteria