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Flashcards in General about the disorders Deck (14)
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1

Acute anxiety - treatment

Usually self-limiting.
If severe: benzodiazepine

2

Panic disorder - treatment

Benzodiazepine: immediate relief during early phase of therapy (Alprazolam, clonazepam).
Antidepressants (SSRI - Fluoxetine): long-term treatment

3

Phobic disorders - treatment

Benzodiazepine and antidepressant

4

Situational anxiety - treatment

Propanolol

5

Generalized anxiety disorder - treatment

Short-term: benzodiazepines. Buspirone (alternative)
SSRIs: Paroxetine.
SNRIs: Venlafaine and duloxetine.

6

PTSD - treatment

SSRIs.
Benzodiazepine of exaggerated startle response and flashbacks

7

Insomnia - treatment

Benzodiazepines, or other (Zolpidem, zaleplon, eszopiclone, ramelteon)
Problems falling asleep: short- to medium-acting benzo.
Problems of waking early: Medium- to long-acting benzo.

8

Cataplexy in narcoleptic attacks - treatment

Sodium oxybate

9

Sedative-hypnotic and anxiolytic drugs (5 groups)

Benzodiazepines.
Barbiturates.
Antihistamines.
Other sedative-hypnotic drugs.
Nonsedating anxiolytic drugs

10

Benzodiazepines - 11 drugs

Alprazolam
Estazolam
Midazolam
Triazolam
Clonazepam
Diazepam
Flurazepam
Lorazepam
Oxazepam
Temazepam
Chlordiazepoxide

11

Barbiturates - 4 drugs

Amobarbital
Pentobarbital
Phenobarbital
Thiopental

12

Antihistamines used as sedatives and anxiolytics - 3 drugs

Diphenhydramine
Hydroxyzine
Doxepin

13

Other sedative-hypnotic drugs - 5 drugs

Zolpidem
Zaleplon
Eszopiclone
Melatonin
Ramelteon

14

Nonsedating anxiolytic drugs - 2 drugs

Buspirone
Propanolol