Flashcards in General anatomy overview Deck (36):
What are the three anatomical reference axes?
mediolateral axis (sagittal plane), anteroposterior axis (frontal plane), longitundinal axis (transverse plane)
What movements happen around the mediolateral axis within the sagittal axis?
flexion, extension, hyperextension, dorsi-flexion, plantar flexion
What movements happen around the anteroposterior axis within frontal plane?
abduction, adduction, eversion, inversion, lateral flexion
What movements happen around the longitundinal axis within transverse plane?
medial rotation, lateral rotation, left/right rotation, internal/external rotation, pronation/supination, horizontal adduction, horizontal abduction
What is an example of a movement that happens around the mediolateral axis within the sagittal axis?
What is an example of a movement that happens around the anteroposterior axis within frontal plane?
What is an example of a movement that happens around the longitundinal axis within transverse plane?
What is the line of gravity?
a vertical line that passes through the center of gravity
What are the axes?
bilateral axes, the anteroposterior axes, the vertical axes
What is flexion?
the joint at the angle diminishes
What is extension?
the return movement of flexion
What is hyper flexion?
when the arm is flexed beyond the vertical (only refers to the arm)
What is hyper extension?
the continuation of extension beyond the starting position of beyond the straight line
What is abduction?
sideward movement away from the midline or sagittal plane
What is adduction?
the return movement of abduction
What is lateral flexion?
refers to the lateral bending of the head or trunk
What is hyperabduction?
refers to the upper arm when the latter is abducted beyond vertical
What is hyperadduction?
trunk blocks hyperadduction of upper extremity
What does anterior relate to?
near the front part of the body
What does posterior relate to?
near the back of the body
What does proximal relate to?
nearest the trunk or the point of origin
What does distal relate to?
situated away from the point of origin
What does superior relate to?
above in relation to another structure
What does inferior relate to?
below in relation to another structure
What does medial relate to?
relating to the middle or centre; nearer the mid-sagittal plane of the body
What does lateral relate to?
outside; further from the mid-sagittal plane of the body
What does superificial relate to?
Near the surface
What does deep relate to?
Beneath or below the surface
What does ipilateral relate to?
On the same side
What does contralateral relate to?
On the opposite side
What does dorsal relate to?
Upper surface of the foot
What does plantar relate to?
Sole of the foot
What does prone relate to?
face downwards position
What does supine relate to?
lying of the back
What does pronation relate to?