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Flashcards in General anatomy overview Deck (36):
1

What are the three anatomical reference axes?

mediolateral axis (sagittal plane), anteroposterior axis (frontal plane), longitundinal axis (transverse plane)

2

What movements happen around the mediolateral axis within the sagittal axis?

flexion, extension, hyperextension, dorsi-flexion, plantar flexion

3

What movements happen around the anteroposterior axis within frontal plane?

abduction, adduction, eversion, inversion, lateral flexion

4

What movements happen around the longitundinal axis within transverse plane?

medial rotation, lateral rotation, left/right rotation, internal/external rotation, pronation/supination, horizontal adduction, horizontal abduction

5

What is an example of a movement that happens around the mediolateral axis within the sagittal axis?

running

6

What is an example of a movement that happens around the anteroposterior axis within frontal plane?

ski slalom

7

What is an example of a movement that happens around the longitundinal axis within transverse plane?

gymnastics

8

What is the line of gravity?

a vertical line that passes through the center of gravity

9

What are the axes?

bilateral axes, the anteroposterior axes, the vertical axes

10

What is flexion?

the joint at the angle diminishes

11

What is extension?

the return movement of flexion

12

What is hyper flexion?

when the arm is flexed beyond the vertical (only refers to the arm)

13

What is hyper extension?

the continuation of extension beyond the starting position of beyond the straight line

14

What is abduction?

sideward movement away from the midline or sagittal plane

15

What is adduction?

the return movement of abduction

16

What is lateral flexion?

refers to the lateral bending of the head or trunk

17

What is hyperabduction?

refers to the upper arm when the latter is abducted beyond vertical

18

What is hyperadduction?

trunk blocks hyperadduction of upper extremity

19

What does anterior relate to?

near the front part of the body

20

What does posterior relate to?

near the back of the body

21

What does proximal relate to?

nearest the trunk or the point of origin

22

What does distal relate to?

situated away from the point of origin

23

What does superior relate to?

above in relation to another structure

24

What does inferior relate to?

below in relation to another structure

25

What does medial relate to?

relating to the middle or centre; nearer the mid-sagittal plane of the body

26

What does lateral relate to?

outside; further from the mid-sagittal plane of the body

27

What does superificial relate to?

Near the surface

28

What does deep relate to?

Beneath or below the surface

29

What does ipilateral relate to?

On the same side

30

What does contralateral relate to?

On the opposite side

31

What does dorsal relate to?

Upper surface of the foot

32

What does plantar relate to?

Sole of the foot

33

What does prone relate to?

face downwards position

34

What does supine relate to?

lying of the back

35

What does pronation relate to?

palm downwards

36

What does supination relate to?

palm upwards