General Anesthetics Flashcards Preview

P Pha T > General Anesthetics > Flashcards

Flashcards in General Anesthetics Deck (13):
1

Low MAC = ______ potency
_____ partition coefficient = faster entrance to alveoli = faster effects

Low MAC = high potency
Low partition coefficient = faster entrance to alveoli = faster effects

2

Lowest potency (highest MAC)
Partition coefficient: 0.47 ~0.50
Least cardiotoxicity among inhalation also anesthetics
SE: megaloblastic anemia on prolonged exposure, euphoria (laughing gas)

Nitrous oxide

3

Inhalational anesthetic which is very smelly and pungent
SE: bronchospasm (pulmonary irritant)

Desflurane

4

Inhalational anesthetic which is unstable in soda-lime

Sevoflurane

5

Inhalational anesthetic
SE: Catecholamine-induced arrhythmias, peripheral vasodilation

Isoflurane

6

Inhalational anesthetic
SE: Muscle twitching, breath-holding, renal insufficiency

Enflurane

7

Inhalational anesthetic
SE: postoperative hepatitis, malignant hyperthermia (with succinylcholine)

Halothane

8

Inhalational anesthetic with lowest MAC (highest potency)
SE: renal insufficiency

Methoxyflurane

9

Intravenous anesthetic
Dissociative anesthesia (analgesia, amnesia, and catatonia, but with retained consciousness)
SE: emergence delirium (children more prone; reduce by pretreatment with benzodiazepines)

Ketamine

10

IV anesthetic
For patients with limited cardiac or respiratory reserve
SE: pain on injection

Etomidate

11

IV anesthetic and opioid analgesic
SE: respiratory depression
Antidote: Naloxone

Fentanyl
SimD: morphine, alfentanil, remifentanil

12

IV anesthetic
Potentiates GABA-A receptors, blocks Na channels
For GA, prolonged sedation
SE: bradycardia, hypotension
"Milk of amnesia"

Propofol

13

Dexmedetomidine
- a novel sedative analgesic agent
- _____ adrenoceptor agonist

alpha-2

Decks in P Pha T Class (62):