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Flashcards in General Concepts Deck (12):
0

Theme

A tune which is important within the overall framework of a piece

1

Variation

The addition of notes to a melody to change it. Eg Ornaments, Passing Notes. Other methods of variation are possible

2

Imitation

Where the melody is immediately copied in another part. It need not be an exact copy

3

Ornament

A decoration of an individual note

8

Pentatonic Scale

A 5 note scale (CDEGA) common in ethnic music. Eg Scottish & Oriental

9

Tone

A full step consisting of 2 semitones. Eg C-D and E-F#

10

Semitone

Half a tone. From one note to its immediate neighbour. Eg E-F & C-C#

11

Scat Singing

Singing without using specific words (ie vocalising). Used often in Jazz when words would prevent improvisation

12

Major Scale

CDEFGABC
DF#GABC#D

13

Minor Scale

ABCDEFG#A (Harmonic)
ABCDEF#G#AGFEDCBA (Melodic)

14

Chromatic Scale

A 12 note scale consisting entirely of semitones

15

Modulation

When a composer starts a piece of music in a particular key and wants it to move it into another key