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Flashcards in General deck 1 Deck (60)
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1

Case History includes

Chief complaint (own words, open ended), present illness (OPQRST), Family, Occupational, Social, ROS

2

Vital signs

Temp (bacterial: sustained virus: spikes, fever & chills) B/P - systole (110-140) diastole (60-90) pusle pressure (30-40)

3

Orthostatic hypotension causes

syncope

4

Icterus

jaundice

5

cataracts

abscent red light reflex, lense opacity MC cause of vision loss

6

Retinal detachment

abscent red light reflex, flashing lights, falling curtain

7

Intracrainal pressure

Papilledema

8

Introccular pressure

glaucoma (blurred, halos)

9

Arcus senilis

(iris full of crud) Insignificang, elderly

10

Corneal arcus

(iris full of crud) significant under 30 years old

11

Diabetic retinopathy

waxy exudates and microaneursyms

12

signs of hypertension in the eyes:

flame, cotton wool, copper wires

13

crusty discharge of the ears:

otitis externa, swimmer's ear

14

bulging tympanum:

otitis media

15

Myringitis:

redness (acute infection)

16

Meningitis:

common complication

17

Black eardrum:

perforation

18

Pearly gray eardrum:

normal

19

otosclerosis:

chalky white eardrum

20

Causes of sensorineural hearing loss:

presbycusis, neuroma, meniere's

21

Causes of conduction hearing loss:

infections, cerumen, otosclerosis

22

red nose:

acute rhinitis

23

pale/gray/blue nose:

allergies and chronic "itis" (polyps)

24

Foul discharge from the nose:

foreign object

25

clear discharge from the nose:

CSF and viral infection

26

Malignant lymph nodes:

non-mobile and non-tender

27

Benign lymph nodes:

mobile and tender

28

Supraclavicular lymph nodes:

R: above diaphragm L: everything else

29

Pancreatitis and pancreas cancer symptoms:

T-10, epigastrum, fetal position, alcoholism

30

Insulin, polydypsia, polyuria, and polyphagia are associated with:

diabetes mellitus