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Flashcards in General Exam 1 Deck (59):
1

What phase of toxoplasma crosses the placenta?

Tachyzoite in leukocyte

2

What phase of babesia causes hemolysis?

Once in the blood, sporozoites invade RBC and multiply asexually forming trophozoites and merozoites.

Merozoites rupture RBC causing hemolysis.

3

Which phase in the graph of cardiac cycle represent the 3rd heart sound?

Look at graph

4

Which phase of the graph corresponds to ventricular filling due to atrial contraction

Look at graph

5

Anion gap with high bicarbonate, low sodium and low chloride?

?

6

Control of relaxation of external uretral esfíncter?

Pelvic?

7

Llama with normal menace on the left normal plr on the left and no menace on the right
Location?

?

8

Calculate odds ratio?

?

9

60 patients with similar clinical signs. 30 with virus and 30 without. Calculate sp and se?

?

10

Phase II of drug metabolism

Hydrolisys?
Sulfur bond?
Etc

11

Residual function capacity corresponds to what type of respiration? Or occurs when?

?

12

Effect of PCO2 of vasculature of the lungs?

Constriction or vasodilation of vein or arteries? Look at this

13

Csf pressure define by what type of systemic pressure? Arterial?

?

14

What condition would give the highest v/q mismatch?

a) Pulmonary embolism
b) Pleural effusion
c) Aspiration pneumonia
d) RAO

PTE (high v/q mismatch),EIPH (high), RAO (low)

not sure which one is highest

15

What shifts the O2 saturation curve to the right?

Hyperthermia

16

3rd degree AV block ecg?

?

17

Fractional
Excretion of sodium of <1%
What can cause it?

?

18

Paradoxal aciduria?

?

19

Usg still 1014 after 24h water deprivation test could be due to what?

?

20

Percentage of icf from the tbw

1/3

21

Cell division occurs in which phase?

s
I
m?
Etc

22

Antimicrobial that can cause aplastic anemia?

Chloramphenicol

23

Dna gyrase mechanism of action to which antimicrobial?

Enro

24

Content that predominates in starved stomach of horses and dogs?

The options were hormones... not sure

25

Parietal cell expend a lot of energy to secrete what?

H?

26

Gastrin secretion is most influenced by what?

CCK
Mucus
Hcl
Histamine?

27

Hypochloremic met acidosis occurs due to absorption of chloride where?

End of small intestine?

28

Adh secretion is most affect by what?

?

29

Aldosterone secretion is most affected by what?

?

30

Hormones secrete by anterior pituitary gland

?

31

Hormones secreted by posterior pituitary gland

?

32

CO2 in the blood is carried in which form or attached to each cell?

?

33

Microcytosis precedes hypochromia in which condition?

Iron deficiency anemia?

34

Firocoxib inhibits mainly cox 1 or 2?

?

35

Mainly product of carbohydrate metabolism?

Fructose
Galactose?
Glucose?
Etc?

36

Best tube to collect sample for lead toxicosis?

?

37

Bicarbonate is converted into carbonic acid by which enzyme?

Or carbonic acid is converted by carbonic anhidrase into what?

?

38

Percentage of sodium absorb on the proximal tubule?

65%

39

Cow with very high lymphocytes, eosinophils and neutrophils

Higashi syndrome?

40

Best source of washed red blood cells to give a NI foal

Dam

41

Syndrome of disseminated imunodef which kind of genetic trait?

?

42

Leukocyte adhesion deficiency affects which complement?

?

43

Heart contraction above increase by what?

Extracelular Ca
Other options as well
?

44

When it's reasonable to use antimicrobial for salmonelosis?

Systemic disease?

45

Cantharidin toxicosis cause what electrolytes changes?

?

46

Tetanus mechanism of action

Inhibit Ach to be released in synaptic gap?

47

Tetanus antitoxin works how?

Binding to free toxin?

48

Potential in the nerve occurs due to what?

Influx of calcium?

49

Effect of quinidine?

Increase in ventricular rate?

50

Cardiac action potential picture and what electrolytes are related to each phase?

Add picture here

51

Cryptosporidium hominis water contaminated - what's the most likely source of infection

Humans

52

Protector for GI

PgE2?

53

MicroRNa function

?

54

How you treat lead poisoning?

Calcium EDTA

55

Best tube to collect blood for lead intoxication?

Heparin?

56

Percentage of ventricular volume decreased with a fib?

?

57

Sheep in the woods with hematuria

Bracken fern

58

What ig in cows colostrum

IgG

59

Ig for intranasal vaccination

IgA