General growth & Development of children Flashcards Preview

BDS 2: Adult Restorative > General growth & Development of children > Flashcards

Flashcards in General growth & Development of children Deck (21)
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1

How can you measure growth? (6)

- Weight
- Height
- BMI
- Head circumference
- Pubertal status
- Arm circumference

2

What are the contents of a personal child health record/ Red book (4)

- NHS number
- Vaccinations
- Screening tests
- Growth charts

3

How do you construct a longitudinal growth chart?

Follow same child at each age

4

How do you construct a growth chart using cross sectional data?

Follow different children at each age

5

How does birth length increase?

- Doubles by 4 years
- Trebles by 13 years

6

What is considered short stature?

Height below the 3rd centile

7

What are some causes of short stature (5)

- Growth delay
- Malnutrition
- Endocrine (Growth hormone)
- Genetics (down's)
- Bone disorder

8

What are some causes of excessive height? (3)

- Familial tallness
- Endocrine (adenoma/hyperthyroidism)
- Sotos syndrome

9

What period is fastest weight gain?

6-12 months

10

Between 2 and 10 years what is the average weight gain?

2-3kg a year

11

What is considered a poor weight gain centile?

Weight falling below the 5th centile

12

Define microcephaly

Head too small

13

Define macrocephaly

Head too big

14

What causes asymmetrical skulls?

Issues with the fusion of sutures

15

Define hydrocephaly

- Abnormal build up of CSF
- Compresses/damages brain

16

What can be some problems with puberty? (2)

- Precocious puberty (tumours, endocrine issues)
- Delayed puberty (gonadal failure, androgen insensitivity)

17

What are the Freud 5 stages of development?

1) Oral stage

2) Anal phase --> control of bladder

3) Oedipal stage --> possessiveness over mother, envy of father

4) Latency --> calm, ""being good""

5) Genital phase --> love/romance"

18

What are the 4 stages of the Erikson theory?

- 2-3 years: autonomy vs shame/doubt

- 4-6 years: initiative vs guilt, gender ID

- 6-12 years: latency --> enjoy rewards (realise they're not as good as peers)

- 13-18 years: struggle for identity. Role confusion. Treat as adults when they're not quite there

19

What are the 4 stages of Paiget cognitive ability?

- 0-2 years: differentiate self from object
- 2-7 years: language to represent images. can separate and assort by 1 feature (eg colour)
- 7-11 years: logical. Can organise by size/more than one feature
- 11-15 years: can test hypotheses systematically, concerned with future and ideological problems

20

What is proximal development?

The development someone can potentially achieve through problem solving under parent guidance/help from others

21

What are some causes of developmental delay? (4)

- Genetic
- Intrauterine (inside the uterus)
- Perinatal (problems with labour/pregnancy)
- Postnatal (trauma/neglect)