Flashcards in General growth & Development of children Deck (21)
How can you measure growth? (6)
- Head circumference
- Pubertal status
- Arm circumference
What are the contents of a personal child health record/ Red book (4)
- NHS number
- Screening tests
- Growth charts
How do you construct a longitudinal growth chart?
Follow same child at each age
How do you construct a growth chart using cross sectional data?
Follow different children at each age
How does birth length increase?
- Doubles by 4 years
- Trebles by 13 years
What is considered short stature?
Height below the 3rd centile
What are some causes of short stature (5)
- Growth delay
- Endocrine (Growth hormone)
- Genetics (down's)
- Bone disorder
What are some causes of excessive height? (3)
- Familial tallness
- Endocrine (adenoma/hyperthyroidism)
- Sotos syndrome
What period is fastest weight gain?
Between 2 and 10 years what is the average weight gain?
2-3kg a year
What is considered a poor weight gain centile?
Weight falling below the 5th centile
Head too small
Head too big
What causes asymmetrical skulls?
Issues with the fusion of sutures
- Abnormal build up of CSF
- Compresses/damages brain
What can be some problems with puberty? (2)
- Precocious puberty (tumours, endocrine issues)
- Delayed puberty (gonadal failure, androgen insensitivity)
What are the Freud 5 stages of development?
1) Oral stage
2) Anal phase --> control of bladder
3) Oedipal stage --> possessiveness over mother, envy of father
4) Latency --> calm, ""being good""
5) Genital phase --> love/romance"
What are the 4 stages of the Erikson theory?
- 2-3 years: autonomy vs shame/doubt
- 4-6 years: initiative vs guilt, gender ID
- 6-12 years: latency --> enjoy rewards (realise they're not as good as peers)
- 13-18 years: struggle for identity. Role confusion. Treat as adults when they're not quite there
What are the 4 stages of Paiget cognitive ability?
- 0-2 years: differentiate self from object
- 2-7 years: language to represent images. can separate and assort by 1 feature (eg colour)
- 7-11 years: logical. Can organise by size/more than one feature
- 11-15 years: can test hypotheses systematically, concerned with future and ideological problems
What is proximal development?
The development someone can potentially achieve through problem solving under parent guidance/help from others