Flashcards in General Meridian principles Deck (48):
Meridians run longitudinally or transversely?
Collaterals run longitudinally or transversely?
3 Functions of the meridians/collaterals?
1) transport Qi/blood, reg. the balance between yin/yang of the whole body
2) resist pathogens and reflecting signs and symptoms
3) transmitting needle sensations and regulating def/excess conditions
Chinese name for motility vessel?
Chinese name for linking vessels?
What is the function of the 8 extra meridians?
connect 12 regular meridians with the 12 divergent meridians
Name the 8 extra meridians
1) DU (governing vessel)
2) Ren (conception vessel)
3) Chong (penetrating vessel)
4) Dai (girdling/belt vessel)
5) Yinqiao (motility)
6) Yangqiao (motility)
7) Yinwei (linking)
8) Yangwei (linking)
Where are Yang meridians generally located?
lateral aspect of extremities
1) yangming- anteriorly
2) shaoyang- intermediately
3) taiyang- posteriorly
Where are the yin meridians generally located?
medial aspect of the extremities
1) Taiyin- interiorly
2) Jueyin- intermediately
3) Shaoyin- posterior
Where are the divergent meridians mainly located?
chest, abdomen, head
How many Divergent meridians are there?
What is the function of the Divergent meridians?
connect internally externally related meridians, strengthen their relation with zang-fu organs, and serve as extension of regular meridians
How many muscle regions are there?
How many meridians is there in total?
What is the function of the muscle regions?
bi-syndrome, contracture, stiffness, spasm, and muscular atrophy
How many cutaneous regions is there?
What is the function of the cutaneous regions?
the most superficial part of the body tissues, they bear the protective function of the organism
Explain the pathway that EPFs enter the body (starting with skin)
skin --> collaterals --> meridians --> Zang organs --> Fu organs
What is the order of flow of the 12 regular meridians?
LU --> LI --> ST --> SP --> HT --> SI --> UB --> KID --> PC --> SJ --> GB --> LIV.
Which organs prime time cycle is from 11-1pm?
Which organs prime time cycle is from 5-7am?
Which organs prime time cycle is from 7-9 pm?
refer to TABLE:
LI (H. yangming) | ST (F. yangming)
SJ (H. shaoyang) | GB (F. shaoyang)
SI (hand taiyang) | UB (F. taiyang)
HT (H. shaoyin) | KID (F. shaoyin)
PC (H.Jueyin) | LIV (F. Jueyin)
LU (H. Taiyin) | SP (F. Taiyin)
What are the 3 classification for acupuncture points?
1) Acu-points on the 14 meridians
2) Extraordinary points
3) Ashi points
What is the general functions for Jung-well points?
1) fullness below heart (stiffenss, pain in chest, mental illness)
2) consciousness (rescue point)
What is the general functions of ying-spring points?
1) internal heat
2) febrile conditions
3) color change in complexion
What is the general functions of shu-stream points?
2) intermittent joint pain (due to painful obstruction/ damp-heat)
What is the general functions for Jing-river points?
1) alternating heat/cold conditions (chill/fever)
2) wheezing, throat problems, asthma
3) YIN meridian= pain in muscle/bones
What is the general functions for the He-sea points?
1) rebellious QI
3) YANG= skin disorders
How many Yuan source Qi points are there?
How many Lou-connecting points are there?
15 (12 reg., collateral SP, DU, REN)
What is the function of Yuan source Qi points?
regulate, store, tonify its own source Qi to its corresponding organs
What is the function of Lou-connecting points?
disharmonies between two associated yin/yang meridians/organs, balance energy between meridians and on the left and right side of the body
YIN meridian= psycho/emotional disorders
What is the function of Xi-cleft points?
acute/stubborn/excess conditions in both meridians and pertaining organs
YIN meridians= blood related problems
How many xi-cleft points are there?
16 (12 reg., 4 extra meridians)
How many confluent points are there?
What is the function of the confluent points?
act as reservoirs for the 12 regular meridians, supplement the meridians with Qi in times of deficiency and the overflow of Qi in time of excess
How many Influential points are there?
What is the function of the influential points?
treat disorders of:
1) zang organs
2) Fu organs
How many ghost points are there?
What is the function of the ghost points?
all 13 should be used together to treat insanity or epilepsy
How many window of sky points are there?
What is the function of the window of sky points?
1) open meridians of the neck area which then allow ascent and descent of either yin or yang
2) connect the earth Qi to the heavenly Qi
3) connects with divergent meridian, balance yin/yang to the upper/lower parts of the body
What is the function of the 4 SEA points?
1) reservoirs for distinct substances (QI, blood, nourishment, marrow)
What is the function of the 4 Command points?
1) healing effect of each part of the body (abdomen, neck, back, face/mouth
Name the 12 back SHU points:
1) LU (UB-13)
2) PC (UB-14)
3) HT (UB- 15)
4) LIV (UB- 18)
5) GB (UB- 19)
6) SP (UB-20)
7) ST (UB-21)
8) SJ (UB-22)
9) KID (UB-23)
10) LI (UB-25)
11) SI (UB-27)
12) UB (UB-28)
Name the 12 Front- MU points:
1) LU (LU-1)
2) PC (CV-17)
3) HT (CV-14)
4) LIV (LIV-14)
5) GB (GB-24)
6) SP (LIV-13)
7) ST (CV-12)
8) SJ (CV-5)
9) KID (GB-25)
10) LI (ST-25)
11) SI (CV-4)
12) UB (CV-3)