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Flashcards in Genes and genetics Deck (12)
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1

Genes

Factors that determine your traits located in chromosomes

2

Genotype

What genes and letters an organism has (Aa, BB, cc, Ect.)

3

Phenotype

What is looks like, a visual trait. (Blue eyes, green eyes, brown hair, Ect.)

4

Homozygous

Having two identical alleles for a particular trait. (BB, bb, Ect.)

5

Heterozygous

Having two different alleles of the same particular gene (Bb, Aa, Ect.)

6

Gregor Mendel

-Discovered each trait is controlled by 2 factors or alleles
-Father of genetics
-Used pea plants as test subjects

7

Allele

Different forms of genes

8

True breeding

Always create species that look like themselves (Alleles: BB or bb; homozygous)

9

Hybrid

Offspring of true-breeding species (Alleles: Bb or Aa; Heterozygous)

10

What does a dominant allele look like

A capital letter, like B, M, K, ect.

11

What does a recessive allele look like

A lowercase letter, like k, c, t, h, ect.

12

PUNNET SQUARE PRACTICE

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