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Flashcards in Genetics Deck (9)
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What is mitosis?

Cell creating a genetically identical copy of itself.
- Somatic Cell division

START WITH ONE PARENT CELL
END PRODUCT = GENETICALLY IDENTICAL DAUGHTER CELLS

1

Mitosis - Interphase

Step One
- DNA is not condensed
- Where a cell spends most of its time

2

Mitosis - Prophase 1 and 2

Step Two & Three
- Spindle begins to form
- Nuclear envelope breaks down
- Centrioles appear
- Chromosomes condense

3

Mitosis - Anaphase

Step 5
- Chromosomes divide and begin to move to the poles

4

Mitosis - Telophase

Step 6
- Spindle breaks down
- Cleavage furrow forms
- Chromosomes are in forming cells
- Nuclear membrane beings to reform

5

Mitosis - Cytokenesis

Final Step
- Two daughter cells

6

Meiosis - Prophase 1

Step 1.1
- Nuclear envelope begins to break down
- Chromosomes condense

7

Meiosis - Metaphase 1

Step 1.2
- Chromosomes align on metaphase plate
- Homologous chromosomes (one set from each parent)

8

Meiosis - Anaphase 1

Step 1.3