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NRS 101 final > genetics > Flashcards

Flashcards in genetics Deck (14):
1

what is genomic care

Ensuring that a person's genetic history on health and disease is considered as a part of assessment for all patients and families.

2

who are genomic professionals

Certified Genetic Counselor (CGC)
Clinical Geneticist 
Clinical Laboratory Geneticist MD or PhD
Medical Geneticist (PhD)
Research Geneticist (PhD)
Advanced practice Nurse in Genetics (APNG)

3

what is the role of the nurse in genetic care

Provide Accurate Information
Ensure Appropriate Referral
Serve as a Patient Advocate
Maintain Confidentiality

4

what is ethics

Genetic discrimination
Eugenics  
Beneficence
Genetic Information and Nondiscrimination Act (GINA)

5

how genetically alike are people

99.9%

6

what is gene pool

total of all alleles for genes in a population.

7

what is evolution

change in genetically inherited frequencies of alleles over ti

8

what is population genetics

ways allele frequencies change and stay the same in human populations over time.

9

who is hardy-weinberg equilibrium

Godfrey Hardy-mathematician from England
Wilhelm Weinberg-medical doctor from Germany

10

what will allege frequencies remain the same

if certain criteria are met

11

what is the founder effect

a new colony has a less diverse genetic makeup than the original population

12

what is an assortative mating

purposeful selection of mate based on similar or dissimilar traits

13

what is a genetic drift

allele frequencies decline because of sampling error.

14

wha tis a population bottleneck

event that happens that severely reduces the number of people in a population. Limits genetic diversity in surviving population.