Flashcards in Geo EXAM Deck (81):
What’s the largest vegetation zone in Quebec? What area does it cover?
The boreal forest, covers an area of 560 000km
True or false? The temperate moderate forest is not very used by the forest industry
True or false? Forests cover more than 60% of British Colombia
True or false? Conifers make up 75% of British Colombia’s forests
How are trees useful?
Their roots hold the soil in place
How is plant litter useful?
The decomposition of dead leaves and plant debris make up the topmost layer of soil
How is humus useful?
It causes water to penetrate into the ground more slowly.
What are major threats to forests?
Disease, fires, acid rain, extreme weather conditions, deforestation
What are the benefits to forest fires?
-it allows the cones of several tree species to release their seeds
-it burns the surface of the ground and exposes the nutrient rich soil underneath which is ideal for growing seeds
-the burnt trees become a habit for insects which attract insectivorous birds
What are the consequences of acid rains for forests?
Leaves are damaged, the soil is less fertile, the soil is more acidic, the growth of trees is stunted
What damage does clear cutting cause?
-vast areas of forests were destroyed
-the solid was eroded, compacted and degraded
-hills were deforested landslides often occurred
-floating timber polluted the water which led to a drop on the salmon population
Which groups made the gouvernent aware of clear cutting?
Environmentalists, native communities and citizen groups
From what byproducts are paper and paperboard made?
From the byproducts of sawmills and recyclable fibres
What type of forests is used for manufacturing newsprint?
The boreal forest
Which province provides nearly 50% Of newsprint in Canada
What describes silviculture?
-the conversation of forests
-The maintenance of forests
-the replanting forests
Name 2 consequences of too much logginging?
Soil depletion, disturbed wildlife
True or false? An energy producing region is a region that has all existing forms of energy?
True or false? An energy producing region is a region where an energy source is developed, converted, or commercialised for use by companies and individuals
True or false? An energy producing region is a region that consumes a lot of energy
Geographic region: Quebec
Energy producing region: Cote-Nord Jamesie
Main energy resources: river currents
Geographic region: western canada
Energy producing region: Alberta
Main energy source: oil sands
Geographic region: Persian golf
Energy producing region: Saudi Arabia. Bahrain, UAE, iran, iraq...
Main energy resource: liquid oil
How many estimated barrels of oil reserves does Alberta have?
In what forms in Alberta’s oil?
Oil sands and conventional crude oil
What is the difference between oil san and conventional crude oil?
Oil sand contain more bitumen and developing it costs more money
What do all forms of energy have in common?
They all have the ability to produce change
What is te most negative effect of using fossil fuels?
Pollution to the atmosphere causing global warming (greenhouse effect)
What natural substance is used to make nuclear energy?
What are nuclear power plants used for?
To make electricity.
What percentage of the world electricity is generated ny nuclear power?
How is the groundwater heated with geothermal energy?
What is biomass?
The total weight on living organisms and their wastes
What is an advantage to using biomass energy?
What’s a disadvantage of using biomass energy?
It adds to the greenhouse effect
What is bitumen?
Its what oil sands are mixed with. Its a type of crude oil paste
What are 3 disadvantages of developing Alberta’s oil sands?
-requires a large amount of water
-the water becomes polluted
True or false? Pipelines are networks managed by private companies
True of false? The United States is canadas biggest purchaser of extracted oil sands
True or false? All of Alberta’s oil is refined in canada
True or false? Developing oil takes a lot of planning
What is an agricultural territory at risk?
It’s a territory that is used for farming even though it’s threatened by natural disasters
What are possible consequences of summer monsoon rain?
They can cause floods, wash away the soil causing land erosion over time.
What percentage of the Canadian territory do the Canadian prairies represent?
What percentage of farmland to the Canadian prairies represent?
Which province produces the most wheat?
Which province account for 10% of all wheat production?
Quebec and Ontario
Which product is produced by the largest number of regions?
What do the Canadian prairies mainly focus?
Focus mainly on grain crops and livestock
Which province produces the most dairy products
What country is the main importer of Canadian agriculture?
What is the capital of Yukon?
What is the capital of B.C.
What is the capital of the North west territories?
What is the capital of Manitoba?
What is the capital of Saskatchewan
What is the capital of Alberta
What is the capital of Nunavut
What is the capital of Ontario
What is the capital of Quebec
What is the capital of New Brunswick
What is the capital of PEI?
What is the capital of Nova Scotia
What is the capital on Newfoundland & labrador
which region has the most native peoples
what ancestral rights do native people preserve to assert
the right to preserve their culture
the right to exploit their lands autonomously
what claims do most native people in the world have in common
to protect their culture
to have autonomy over how their community is organized and managed
how many native people live in canada
ID card: FIRST NATIONS
50% live in reserves
ID card: INUIT
in northern canada
more than 50,000
they are decided among several communities
ID card: MÉTIS
in all 10 provinces and 3 territories. alerts has the largest
now many nations of native people in quebec
how many native communities im quebec?
which native people live the furthest south
which canadian cities have the largest population of native people
winnipeg, edmonton, vancouver
how to native people use the arctic willow
they use it as firewood and to treat digestive problems
how did the inuit use arctic hairs
they ate their meat
made cushions and sleeping bags with their fur
used their hides to make bandages
im which possible ways can the inuit be affected by global warming
permafrost can melt
sea levels will rise and can flood coastal areas
true or false: most inuit people live in a forested region
True or false: in nunavut most goods are transported by truck