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Flashcards in Geo EXAM Deck (81):
1

What’s the largest vegetation zone in Quebec? What area does it cover?

The boreal forest, covers an area of 560 000km

2

True or false? The temperate moderate forest is not very used by the forest industry

False

3

True or false? Forests cover more than 60% of British Colombia

True

4

True or false? Conifers make up 75% of British Colombia’s forests

False

5

How are trees useful?

Their roots hold the soil in place

6

How is plant litter useful?

The decomposition of dead leaves and plant debris make up the topmost layer of soil

7

How is humus useful?

It causes water to penetrate into the ground more slowly.

8

What are major threats to forests?

Disease, fires, acid rain, extreme weather conditions, deforestation

9

What are the benefits to forest fires?

-it allows the cones of several tree species to release their seeds
-it burns the surface of the ground and exposes the nutrient rich soil underneath which is ideal for growing seeds
-the burnt trees become a habit for insects which attract insectivorous birds

10

What are the consequences of acid rains for forests?

Leaves are damaged, the soil is less fertile, the soil is more acidic, the growth of trees is stunted

11

What damage does clear cutting cause?

-vast areas of forests were destroyed
-the solid was eroded, compacted and degraded
-hills were deforested landslides often occurred
-floating timber polluted the water which led to a drop on the salmon population

12

Which groups made the gouvernent aware of clear cutting?

Environmentalists, native communities and citizen groups

13

From what byproducts are paper and paperboard made?

From the byproducts of sawmills and recyclable fibres

14

What type of forests is used for manufacturing newsprint?

The boreal forest

15

Which province provides nearly 50% Of newsprint in Canada

Quebec

16

What describes silviculture?

-the conversation of forests
-The maintenance of forests
-the replanting forests

17

Name 2 consequences of too much logginging?

Soil depletion, disturbed wildlife

18

True or false? An energy producing region is a region that has all existing forms of energy?

False

19

True or false? An energy producing region is a region where an energy source is developed, converted, or commercialised for use by companies and individuals

True

20

True or false? An energy producing region is a region that consumes a lot of energy

False

21

Geographic region: Quebec

Energy producing region: Cote-Nord Jamesie
Main energy resources: river currents

22

Geographic region: western canada

Energy producing region: Alberta
Main energy source: oil sands

23

Geographic region: Persian golf

Energy producing region: Saudi Arabia. Bahrain, UAE, iran, iraq...
Main energy resource: liquid oil

24

How many estimated barrels of oil reserves does Alberta have?

171

25

In what forms in Alberta’s oil?

Oil sands and conventional crude oil

26

What is the difference between oil san and conventional crude oil?

Oil sand contain more bitumen and developing it costs more money

27

What do all forms of energy have in common?

They all have the ability to produce change

28

What is te most negative effect of using fossil fuels?

Pollution to the atmosphere causing global warming (greenhouse effect)

29

What natural substance is used to make nuclear energy?

Uranium

30

What are nuclear power plants used for?

To make electricity.

31

What percentage of the world electricity is generated ny nuclear power?

15%

32

How is the groundwater heated with geothermal energy?

By magma

33

What is biomass?

The total weight on living organisms and their wastes

34

What is an advantage to using biomass energy?

In inexpensive

35

What’s a disadvantage of using biomass energy?

It adds to the greenhouse effect

36

What is bitumen?

Its what oil sands are mixed with. Its a type of crude oil paste

37

What are 3 disadvantages of developing Alberta’s oil sands?

-more expensive
-requires a large amount of water
-the water becomes polluted

38

True or false? Pipelines are networks managed by private companies

False

39

True of false? The United States is canadas biggest purchaser of extracted oil sands

True

40

True or false? All of Alberta’s oil is refined in canada

False

41

True or false? Developing oil takes a lot of planning

True

42

What is an agricultural territory at risk?

It’s a territory that is used for farming even though it’s threatened by natural disasters

43

What are possible consequences of summer monsoon rain?

They can cause floods, wash away the soil causing land erosion over time.

44

What percentage of the Canadian territory do the Canadian prairies represent?

5%

45

What percentage of farmland to the Canadian prairies represent?

80%

46

Which province produces the most wheat?

Saskatchewan

47

Which province account for 10% of all wheat production?

Quebec and Ontario

48

Which product is produced by the largest number of regions?

red meat

49

What do the Canadian prairies mainly focus?

Focus mainly on grain crops and livestock

50

Which province produces the most dairy products

Quebec

51

What country is the main importer of Canadian agriculture?

The USA

52

What is the capital of Yukon?

Whitehorse

53

What is the capital of B.C.

Victoria

54

What is the capital of the North west territories?

Yellowknife

55

What is the capital of Manitoba?

Winnipeg

56

What is the capital of Saskatchewan

Regina

57

What is the capital of Alberta

Edmonton

58

What is the capital of Nunavut

Iqaluit

59

What is the capital of Ontario

Toronto

60

What is the capital of Quebec

Quebec

61

What is the capital of New Brunswick

Fredericton

62

What is the capital of PEI?

Charlottetown

63

What is the capital of Nova Scotia

Halifax

64

What is the capital on Newfoundland & labrador

St. John’s

65

which region has the most native peoples

easy asia

66

what ancestral rights do native people preserve to assert

the right to preserve their culture

the right to exploit their lands autonomously

67

what claims do most native people in the world have in common

to protect their culture

to have autonomy over how their community is organized and managed

68

how many native people live in canada

1 million

69

ID card: FIRST NATIONS

across canada
about 690000
50% live in reserves

70

ID card: INUIT

in northern canada
more than 50,000
they are decided among several communities

71

ID card: MÉTIS

in all 10 provinces and 3 territories. alerts has the largest

389 785

72

now many nations of native people in quebec

11

73

how many native communities im quebec?

54

74

which native people live the furthest south

the mohawks

75

which canadian cities have the largest population of native people

winnipeg, edmonton, vancouver

76

how to native people use the arctic willow

they use it as firewood and to treat digestive problems

77

how did the inuit use arctic hairs

they ate their meat
made cushions and sleeping bags with their fur
used their hides to make bandages

78

im which possible ways can the inuit be affected by global warming

permafrost can melt

sea levels will rise and can flood coastal areas

79

true or false: most inuit people live in a forested region

false

80

True or false: in nunavut most goods are transported by truck

false

81

true or false: almost all northern villages are located near the sea

true