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Flashcards in Geographic Tour Deck (26):

Define physical geography

focuses on natural features of earth, water, weather, climate, land formation


Define population geography

focuses relationship between geography and population rates, death and birth


Define political geography

focuses on geography's effects on politics, national boundaries, and between states


Define economic geography

focusues on relationship between geography and economic activity


Characterize the midwest or plains states

North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio; known for agriculture of wheat, oats, and corn; near waterways and coal and iron deposits


Characterize the midatlantic states

D.C., New York, West Virginia, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania; industrialized area with financial center in NY


Characterize the south

Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia; mild weather, rich soil, oil, agriculture in cotton, peanuts, rice, corn, tobacco, cattle


Characterize the mountain states

Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico; sparsely populated


Characterize the pacific states

Washington, Oregon, Hawaii, Alaska, California, which leads in agriculture


Characterize New England

Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode Island, Connecticut; small region, fishing, shipping, manufacturing, dairy farming


What's important about North America?

Ottawa, Canada, resources nickle, gold, silver, zinc; United States, D.C., coal, copper, gold, silver, nickel; Mexico, Mexico City, oil, gold, silver, natual gas, corn, coffee, sugar cane


What's important about Central America?

Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua; very poor people, bananas, coffee, corn, long coastline


What's important about South America?

half of the population and area lies in Brazil; Andes stretch length of the west coast; Amazon Basin covers north central part of continent; peripheral populations now moving inward; difficult terrain kept countries distanced from one another; dividied into 4 regions, North, West, Southern Cone, Brazil; cultural and economic pluralism strong, subsistance and commercial farming side by side


What are the differences between these geographic areas of South America?

North followed a plantation development model importing slaves and contract laborers that were absored into the culture; West influenced by Andes and Amerindian culture; South influenced by Europe; Brazil influeneced by Portugal and strong African culture


What's important about Europe?

39 states, Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea, Southern Europe more populous than Northern; Eastern Europe largest region, known as shatter belt because of Balkanization; Northern Europe low resources yet one of richest areas; Western Europe hub of economic power; British Iles rely on Europe for resources


What's important about Northern Africa?

Northern Africa separated from Subsaharan Africa by Sahara Desert; surrounded by water except at Sinai Peninsula in Egypt; Atlantic to west, Mediterranean to north, Red Sea to east; Atlas Mountains lie in the north; fertile soil lends itself to agriculture


What's important about Subsaharan Africa?

Sahara Desert to the north; Atlantic to the west, Indian Ocean to the east; includes Horn of Africa and Sudan which are influenced by Middle East; includes Sahel a trasitional zone between Sahara and Savanna; Ruwenzri mountain range which includes Mt. Kilimanjaro; includes Great Rift Valley, Nile, Niger, Zaire, and Zambezi rivers


What has led to many of the problems in Subsaharan Africa?

approximately 50 states and hundreds of ethnic groups makes this a diverse area; when given independence, geographic borders not considered, which has led to the fraud, mismanagement, and poor health conditions


How are Northern Africa regions divided?

Maghreb, northwest; Nile Valley, northeast; Sahara, south


What's important about Asia?

Russia is most of Eurasian and twice as large as Canada; most people live West of the Ural Mountains; has most mineral resources and most coal and oil, but it's in hard to reach areas


What's important about South Asia?

Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka; Himalayas to the north; very dense population; religions share many cultural practices; conflicts strengthened after British Colonialism fell


What's important about East Asia?

China, Japan, South Korea, Mongolia; Taiwan and North Korea not classified or recognized as states


What's important about Antartica?

surrounded by the Southern Ocean; one of the largest deserts


What's important about Australia?

surrounded by Indian and Pacific Oceans


List the 7 continents

North America, South America, Africa, Europe, Asia, Australia, Antartica


What are the 5 oceans of the world?

Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern, Arctic