geography 3RD NINE WEEKS EXAM Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in geography 3RD NINE WEEKS EXAM Deck (115):
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political unit made up of a city and it's surrounding lands

City-state

1

Government in which citizens elect representatives to rule in their name

Republic

2

A series of wars between Christians and Muslims fighting over the holy land

Crusades

3

Renewed interest in the learning and the arts from the 14th to 16ty centuries

Renaissance

4

Structures that carry water for long distances

Aqueducts

5

What is a democracy

Ruled by the people

6

What was the first democracy

Athens, Greec

7

Who filled the vacuum left by the downfall of Greece
They became a vast empire (eventually ruled by emperors) after the fall of the republic

Rome

8

When did the crusades begin

Just before 1100

9

When did the Bubonic Plague strike

Mid 1300s

10

What nations are less industrial than western and Northern Europe

Mediterranean

11

What countries are in Mediterranean Europe

France
Portugal
Spain
Italy

12

What country in Mediterranean Europe is prolific in producing textiles

Portugal

13

What country in Mediterranean Europe is a leader in producing automobiles

Spain

14

Shay country in Mediterranean Europe is a major producer of clothing and shoes

Italy

15

What are the 2 largest countries in Western Europe

France
Germany

16

A period when some Christians broke away from the Catholic Church and started Protestant churches

Reformation

17

Who was one of the leaders in the reformation movement in 1517

Martin Luther

18

What is the system of government that took shape after Rome fell that allows powerful lords to rule the land

Feudalism

19

The belief that people should be loyal to their nation, the people with whom they share land, culture, and history

Nationalism

20

What helped cause WWII in Western Europe

Nationalistic rivalries

21

What ultimately led to the rise of hitler in WWII

The allies won and imposed harsh penalties on Germany

22

What was Germany split into after it's defeat

East Germany
West Germany

23

Which famous composers are from Germany and Austria

Johann Sebastian Bach
Ludwig Von Beethoven
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

24

Which famous artist is from France

Claude Monet

25

What is better in the modern life of the people of Western Europe than the USA

Most people live in cities and have a high standard of living
Crime rates are lower than in the USA
Receive more paid vacation time

26

What countries are in Western Europe

France
Germany
Switzerland
Austria

27

What countries are in Northern Europe

The UK
Ireland
Finland
Iceland
Norway
Denmark
Sweden

28

What countries make up the UK

England
Scotland
Wales
Ireland

29

What does "the sun never sets on the British empire" mean

They are in control of so much land that the sun is always shining down on a section

30

How did Great Britain play a large role in the development of here modern world

Representative government
Initiating and spreading the industrial revolution

31

When was the Magna Carta issued

1215

32

What ideas did the Magna Carta inspire

Trial by jury
No taxation without representation

33

Who has the oldest parliament in the world and since what year have they been meeting

Iceland
930

34

When did almost all of the British colonies gain their independence

After WWII

35

How many states was Ireland divided into and what were the names of them

2
Republic of Ireland
Northern Ireland

36

When did the Republic of Ireland gain it's independence

1921

37

What part of Ireland is still part of the UK

Northern Ireland

38

High-tech region of Scotland in the 1990s

Silicon Glen

39

What is the currency used throughout most of Europe

Euro

40

What percent of what place is made up of ethnic minorities

25% of London

41

What famous writers have made a strong artistic influence on Northern Europe

William Shakespeare
James Joyce

42

What countries in Northern Europe give families a yearly allowance to help them raise their kids

Sweden
Finland
Norway

43

What customs and sports come from England

Afternoon tea
Rugby
Cricket
Cross

44

A place where various cultures cross paths, many world powers have tried to control it

Cultural crossroads

45

What Slavic nation wanted to free the slaves in Austria-Hungary

Serbia

46

What happened in Eastern Europe that sparked WWI

A Serb assassinated an Austrian noble

47

What caused the allies to go to war with Hitler

Germany's invasion of Poland

48

Who refused to leave Eastern Europe until they did what

Soviet Union
Set up communists governments there

49

Nations dominated by another country

Satellite nations

50

What became a region of satellite nations

Eastern Europe

51

Who was the new Soviet Union leader by what year

Mikhael Gorbachev
Late 1980s

52

What was one reform Mikhael made for Eastern Europe

More freedom

53

What countries are located in Eastern Europe

Poland
Slovakia
Hungary
Czech Republic
Slovenia
Croatia
Romania
Bulgaria
Yugoslavia
Albania

54

What are the 5 Nordic countries

Finland
Iceland
Norway
Denmark
Sweden

55

Which country is known for the smorgasbord

Sweden

56

What country is known for spending time in the Sauna

Finland

57

Where did the Velvet Revolution take place

Czechoslovakia

58

What was the Velvet Revolution

The police used violence to stop a student-led pro-democracy protest

59

What led to war in 1992 in Yugoslavia

Disagreement among ethnic groups over whether Bosnia and Herzegovina should become independent

60

What happened in 1878 in Yugoslavia

Serbia broke free from the Ottoman Empire; many Serbs wanted all the south Slavs to unite as one nation

61

What does Yugoslavia mean

Land of the south Slavs

62

Who invaded Yugoslavia during WWII

Germany
Italy

63

What was the result of many of the Croats cooperating with the Nazis

Manu Serbs and Jews were massacred

64

Who became dictator of Yugoslavia after the war and remained so until his death in 1980

Joseph Broz Tito

65

Under the leadership of whom did Serbia look to expand

Slobodan Milosevic

66

The hatred between what 2 groups broke out into all out war

Serb
Croat

67

What was arranged in 1992 that stopped more people from being killed since thousands were already dead

United Nations ceasefire

68

Whom did the Serbs use violence to get rid of

Bosnia'a Muslims and Croats

69

What was the result of the ethnic cleansing in Yugoslavia

More than 200,000 people died
Over 2 million left their homes

70

When did Milosevic die

In 2006 in prison after being put on trial and arrested for war crimes

71

How many times bigger is the land area of Russia and the Republics than the USA

3

72

How many time zones span through Europe and Asia

11

73

Russia and the Republics are nearly what fraction of the Earth's land surface

1/6

74

What place has the richest land, most people, and largest cities

Northern European Plain

75

Where does the Northern European plain stretch from

The western border of Russia to the Ural Mountains

76

What is abundant on the Northern European Plain

Chernozem

77

What cities are included in the Northern European plain

Moscow
St. Petersburg
Kiev

78

What happens as you move eat in northern Russia

Elevation rises

79

What mountain range separates the black and Caspian seas

Caucasus Mountains

80

Where do the Caucasus Mountains stretch

The land that separates the black and Caspian seas

81

The Caucasus mountains form the birder between what

Russia
Transcaucasia

82

What republics are located in Transcaucasia

Armenia
Azerbaijan
Georgia

83

What percent of Russia's river traffic does the Volga River carry

60%

84

Where are 2 of the largest lakes located

Central Asia

85

What are two of the largest seas located in Central Asia

Caspian Sea
Aral Sea

86

What is the deepest lake in the world

Lake Baikal

87

What percent of these world's freshwater does Lake Baikal hold

20%

88

How many species are unique to Lake Baikal

1200

89

What resources are abundant in Russia and the republics

Coal
Iron ore
Metals
Natural gas

90

What percent of the world's timber resources do Russia and the republics hold

20%

91

Where are many of the resources unfortunately located

Frigid arctic and subarctic region of Siberia

92

A region's distance from the moderating effects of the sea

Continentality

93

Black topsoil

Chernozem

94

Who controlled the region of Russia and the republics until the 1500s

The Mongols from Mongolia

95

Who put an end to the rule of the Mongols in the 1500s

Ivan the Great

96

Who moved the capital of Russia to become more industrialized

Peter the Great

97

Where did Peter the Great move the capital of Russia

St. Petersburg

98

When Russia finally began to industrialize, it resulted in what

Harsh working conditions
Low wages
Other hardships

99

The Russian people's anger with the czars resulted in what

The Russian Revolution of 1917

100

Who took control during the Russian revolution of 1917

The Russian communist government led by V.I.Lenin

101

What did the communists call their organized imperial kingdom

Union of Soviet Socialists Republics (U.S.S.R.)

102

Who installed pro-soviet governments in a Eastern Europe and why

The Russian leader Joseph Stalin because his armies had liberated them from Nazi Germany

103

What did the tensions between the USA and Soviet Union result in

Cold War

104

Tensions between who led to the Cold War

USA
Soviet Union

105

What ended the Cold War

The Soviet Union collapsed in 1991

106

How many regions were Russia and the republics divided into

15

107

What was the largest and most powerful of the 15 republics

Russia

108

The communists had been inspired by whom

A German philosopher named Karl Marx

109

What did Karl Marx believe

That capitalism would fail because it concentrated wealth in the hands of a few and left too many people in poverty

110

An economy in which the central government makes all the important decisions

Command economy

111

What are some examples of "important decisions" governments would make in a command economy

What products factories works manufacture
What crops farms would grow
What prices merchants would charge for goods

112

How many deaths do historians estimate Stalin was responsible for

More than 14 million people

113

Who are the famous people from chapter 16

Feodor Dostoyevsky (Crime and Punishment writer)
Peter Tchaikovsky (composer)
Igor Stravinsky (composer)

114

What is Russia's national drink

Vodka

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