Geography & Culture Quiz Flashcards Preview

Honors World Studies > Geography & Culture Quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Geography & Culture Quiz Deck (42):
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Geography

The study of people, their environment, and their resources.

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Five themes of geography

Location, place, human environmental interaction, region, and movement.

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Location

A particular position on the earth's surface.

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Latitude measures...

Distance north to south

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Longitude measures...

Distance east to west

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Equator is a line of...

Latitude

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Lines of longitude...

Converge at the poles and are largest at the the equator and change.

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Latitude lines are...

Always the same distance

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Place

Physical characteristics and human characteristics.

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Physical characteristics examples...

Lakes and trees

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Human characteristics examples...

Schools and homes

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Human environmental-interaction

Two types of interaction. Hidden costs and adaption.

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Hidden costs

Things humans do to negatively harm the environment

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Examples of hidden costs

Deforesting and overfishing

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Adaption

How humans made things changed

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Movement

Movement of ideas, trade, migration.

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Interdependence

When one group of people relies on another group of people for supply of something they don't have.

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Region

Area with common characteristics.

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Characteristics that may define a region

Landforms, climates, religion, language.

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Examples of region...

Puget sound, Africa

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Climate zones have...

Two factors. Location and elevation.

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Culture

All the things that make up a people's entire way of life.

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Seven elements of culture

Social organizations, customs and traditions, language, arts and literature, religion, forms of government, economic systems.

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Social organizations

Family patterns- smaller units within a culture that work together to meet basic needs.

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Nuclear family

2 generations- parents and children

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Extended family

3 generations- parents, children, and aunts/ uncles cousins

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Social classes

People grouped together by religion, etc.

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Customs and traditions

Ideas of right and wrong.

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Examples of customs and traditions

Enforcing laws, dress code, table manners, birthdays

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Language

Canada has two official languages- english and French. South Africa has 11. Most used: english. 2nd most used: africon. No official language on United States.

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Languages can be described with..

Body language, communication, and tone.

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Arts and literature

Products of the human imagination that please and entertain us and teach a cultures' values.

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Examples of arts and literature

Music, movies, stories

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Religion

Answers the basic questions about the purpose and meaning of life.

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Monotheism

Belief in one god

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Polytheism

Belief in multiple gods

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Forms of government

Provides for the common needs of people, protects from outside threats, and refers to societies laws and political institutions.

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Economic systems

How people use their resources to satisfy their wants and needs.

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Imports

Goods coming into our country

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Exports

Goods shipping out of our country

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Favorable balance of trade

Exports because your country makes more money.

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Ethnocentrism

Judging other cultures by the standards of your own culture.