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Flashcards in Geography & Landmarks Deck (55):
1

What are the seven continents of the world?

In order of largest to smallest:

  1. Asia
  2. Africa
  3. North America
  4. South America
  5. Antarctica
  6. Europe
  7. Oceania

2

What is this landmark?

Mount Everest

  • Located in Nepal, Mount Everest is the tallest landform in the world.
  • Part of the Himalayas and reaches 29,029 feet above sea level.
  • Named after Sir George Everest, Welsh surveyor and geographer (though he did not survey the mountain).
  • The first ascent of the mountain took place in 1953 by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay.

3

What are the five major oceans of the world?

In order of largest to smallest:

  1. Pacific Ocean
  2. Atlantic Ocean
  3. Indian Ocean
  4. Southern (Antarctic) Ocean
  5. Arctic Ocean

4

A book of maps is called an __________.

Atlas

5

What is the largest country in the world?

Russia

It takes up 6.6 million square miles, about 3.4% of the world's area.

6

What is this landmark?

Stonehenge

This ancient monument was constructed sometime between 3000 B.C. and 2000 B.C., and is located in Wiltshire, England.

7

This city is known as the birthplace of Muhammad and is of great importance to the Islamic faith.

Mecca

  • Mecca's historical significance dates back to the first century B.C.
  • Muslims partake in an annual pilgrimage to Mecca, known as the Hajj

8

This profession designs and creates maps.

Cartography

9

The _____ _____ is bordered by Antarctica to the south, Australia to the east, Asia to the north, and Africa to the west.

Indian Ocean

Numerous African and Asian civilizations have existed along the shores of the Indian Ocean, and trade between these regions has taken place since ancient times.

10

What are the cardinal, primary intercardinal, and secondary intercardinal directions?

  • Cardinal directions: north, east, south, west
  • Intercardinal directions: northeast, southeast, southwest, northwest
  • Secondary intercardinal directions: north northeast, east northeast, east southeast, south southeast, south southwest, west southwest, west northwest, north northwest

11

Which ocean lies between Europe and Africa on the one hand, and North America and South America on the other?

The Atlantic Ocean

12

This ancient Roman city is best known for the destruction it faced during the eruption of Mount Vesuvius.

Pompeii

When Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 A.D., Pompeii was overcome with debris and ash, and approximately 2,000 citizens were killed.

13

Which sea is surrounded by Europe, Africa, and Asia?

The Mediterranean

Surrounded by three continents, the Mediterranean has been a great highway for trade since ancient times.

14

Which continent is bordered by the Ural Mountains in the east and the Atlantic Ocean in the west?

Europe

Europe's southern border is the Mediterranean Sea. To the north, the countries of Scandinavia stretch to the Arctic Circle.

15

Which continent stretches from the Arctic Circle to the Panamanian Isthmus?

North America stretches from the Arctic Circle to the Panamanian Isthmus. Most of North America is controlled by three nations: Mexico, the United States, and Canada.

16

What is this landmark?

Loch Ness

This lake, located in Scotland, is said to be home to the legendary Loch Ness Monster, a ficticious creature whose lore dates back to the 1930s.

17

What continent is divided by the Sahara Desert?

Africa is divided by the Sahara Desert, a barren wasteland that stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean.

18

What is this landmark?

Machu Picchu

Located in Peru, this Incan civilization was built in the 1400s, then abandoned roughly 100 years later, likely due to the Spanish Conquest.

19

The Amazon rainforest and the Andes mountains are two prominent features of _____ _____.

South America

The Amazon River Basin and the surrounding rainforest comprise some 40% of South America's land mass, and are almost twice the size of the United States. The Andes Mountains run down South America's western side.

20

What is this landmark?

Mount Fuji

This cultural landmark is the highest mountain in Japan and is also classified as an active volcano.

21

Which ocean is the world's biggest?

The Pacific Ocean

It stretches some 63.78 million square miles from North and South America to Australia and Asia.

22

What is this landmark?

The Acropolis of Athens

The Acropolis is a collection of ancient buildings that include the Parthenon. It is dated as early as sixth millenium B.C. and is located in Athens, Greece.

23

Which continent is the largest on earth?

Asia

Asia stretches from the Ural Mountains in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east, and from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Indian Ocean in the south. Asia is so large that geographers and historians typically divide it into sub-regions, such as the Middle East, Central Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and East Asia.

24

What is this landmark?

Mount Kilimanjaro

The tallest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro is home to three dormant volcanic cones.

25

Which river is the longest in North America?

The Missouri River, which flows into the Mississippi River near St. Louis, is North America's longest river at more than 2,300 miles long. The Mississippi River runs 2,202 miles from Minnesota to the Gulf of Mexico.

26

What is this landmark?

Taj Mahal

This iconic landmark of India is actually a mausoleum, and was built between 1632–1653 A.D.

27

This profession studies found relics of past societies to learn more about our history and the lives of our ancestors.

Archaeologist

28

What is this landmark?

Burj Khalifa

In 2010, this skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates became the world's tallest man-made structure, measuring 2,722 feet.

29

What is the smallest country in the world?

Vatican City

This country within a country is located in Rome, Italy and is ruled by the Pope.

30

What is this landmark?

St. Basil's Cathedral

Constructed in Moscow, Russia between 1555–61 A.D., this cathedral is known for its unique architecture.

31

Eurasia

Eurasia refers to the combined European and Asian land mass. Historians and geographers refer to Eurasia because no water boundary divides Europe from Asia, and the movement of peoples has historically flowed back and forth over both continents.

32

What is this landmark?

Mount Rushmore

  • Completed in 1941, this American landmark is located in South Dakota and includes sculptures of the faces of four presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln.
  • Mount Rushmore is used in popular culture to refer to the top performers in a given field. For example, who would be on the Mount Rushmore of... (baseball players, scientists, etc.)

33

What are the two most prominent rivers on the Indian subcontinent?

The two most prominent rivers on the Indian subcontinent are the Indus and the Ganges.

The Indus River flows through modern-day Pakistan and the Ganges through modern-day India.

34

What is this landmark?

Sagrada Família

This Catholic church, located in Barcelona, Spain, is known for its gothic architecture and unique design. Construction began in 1882 and is expected to conclude between 2026 and 2028.

35

Historians and geographers refer to the combined continents of Europe, Asia, and Africa by what term?

Afro-Eurasia

Each of the three continents touch the Mediterranean Sea. The Middle East, North Africa, and Southern Europe have shared demographic and cultural interactions.

36

What is this landmark?

The Colosseum

Located in Rome, Italy, the Colosseum is the largest amphitheater in the world. This iconic piece of Roman architecture was constructed between 70 and 80 A.D.

37

What is this landmark?

Tower of Pisa

This Italian belltower is known for the increasing tilt that earned it its nickname "The Leaning Tower of Pisa."

38

Which two rivers flowed through ancient Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq)?

The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

The availability of water for agriculture earned the region the nickname "The Fertile Crescent."

39

What is this landmark?

St. Peter's Basilica

Located in Vatican City and built between 1506-1626, this church is the largest in the world.

40

What is this landmark?

The Berlin Wall

  • Germany was divided after World War 2, and the Berlin Wall came to be built as a barrier between the East and West.
  • East Germany began construction of the wall in 1961 to restrict immigration to West Germany.
  • The wall was destroyed in 1989 and 1990, leading to the reunification of Germany.

41

Name five countries in Africa.

Countries of Africa:

Nigeria - Ethiopia - Egypt - Democratic Republic of the Congo - South Africa - Tanzania - Kenya - Algeria - Uganda - Sudan - Morocco - Ghana - Mozambique - Ivory Coast - Madagascar - Angola - Cameroon - Niger - Burkina Faso - Mali - Malawi - Zambia - Senegal - Zimbabwe - Chad - Guinea - Tunisia - Rwanda - South Sudan - Benin - Somalia - Burundi - Togo - Libya - Sierra Leone - Central African Republic - Eritrea - Republic of the Congo - Liberia - Mauritania - Gabon - Namibia - Botswana - Lesotho - Equatorial Guinea - Gambia - Guinea-Bissau - Mauritius - Swaziland - Djibouti - Réunion (France) - Comoros - Western Sahara - Cape Verde - Mayotte (France) - São Tomé and Príncipe - Seychelles - Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK)

42

What is this landmark?

The Statue of Liberty

This monument stands in New York Harbor, New York City, and was gifted to the United States by France in 1886.

43

Where is Oceania?

Oceania is the region in the Pacific Ocean consisting of the islands of the South Pacific, Australia, and New Zealand.

44

What is this landmark?

Moai of Easter Island

This island off the coast of Chile is famous for giant rocks with carvings of human faces, made by the Rapa Nui people sometime between 300 - 1200 A.D.

45

Name five countries in Asia.

Countries of Asia:

China - India - Indonesia - Pakistan - Bangladesh - Japan - Philippines - Vietnam - Iran - Thailand - Turkey - Burma - South Korea - Russia - Iraq - Malaysia - Uzbekistan - Saudi Arabia - Nepal - Afghanistan - North Korea - Yemen - Taiwan - Syria - Sri Lanka - Kazakhstan - Cambodia - United Arab Emirates - Isreal - Tajikistan - Hong Kong (China) - Laos - Jordan - Kyrgyzstan - Turkmenistan - Singapore - Palestine - Lebanon - Oman - Kuwait - Mongolia - Qatar - Bahrain - Bhutan - Macau (China) - Brunei - Maldives

46

What is this landmark?

The Great Wall of China

The wall is actually a collection of smaller walls that were built to protect the Chinese border and have been joined over time, the oldest of which was built around the 7th century B.C. Today, the wall spans a distance of 5,500 miles.

47

What is this landmark?

Sydney Opera House

This iconic landmark is located in Sydney, Australia, and is home to Australian opera, ballet, theatre, and orchestra groups.

48

Name five countries in Europe.

Countries of Europe:

Russia - Germany - Turkey - France - United Kingdom - Italy - Spain - Ukraine - Poland - Romania - Kazakhstan - Netherlands - Belgium - Greece - Portugal - Czech Republic - Hungary - Sweden - Azerbaijan - Belarus - Austria - Switzerland - Bulgaria - Serbia - Denmark - Finland - Slovakia - Norway - Georgia - Ireland - Croatia - Bosnia and Herzegovina - Moldova - Armenia - Lithuania - Albania - Macedonia - Slovenia - Latvia - Kosovo - Estonia - Cyprus - Montenegro - Luxembourg - Malta - Iceland - Northern Cyprus - Jersey (UK) - Isle of Man (UK) - Andorra - Guernsey (UK) - Faroe Islands (Denmark) - Liechtenstein - Monaco - San Marino - Gibraltar (UK) - Åland Islands (Finland) - Svalbard and Jan Mayen (Norway) - Vatican City

49

What is this landmark?

The Eiffel Tower

This iconic French structure was built for the 1889 World's Fair.

50

Name five countries in the Americas.

Countries of the Americas:

United States of America - Mexico - Canada - Guatemala - Cuba - Haiti - Dominican Republic - Honduras- El Salvador - Nicaragua - Costa Rica - Puerto Rico (US) - Panama - Jamaica - Trinidad and Tobago - Guadeloupe (France) - Martinique (France) - Bahamas - Belize - Barbados - Saint Lucia - Curaçao (Kingdom of the Netherlands) - United States Virgin Islands (US) - Aruba (Netherlands) - Grenada - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Antigua and Barbuda - Dominica - Bermuda (UK) - Cayman Islands (UK) - Greenland (Denmark) - Saint Kitts and Nevis - Sint Maarten (Kingdom of the Netherlands) - Saint Martin (France) - Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) - British Virgin Islands (UK) - Caribbean Netherlands (Kingdom of the Netherlands) - Anguilla (UK) - Saint Barthélemy (France) - Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) - Montserrat (UK)

51

What is this landmark?

Grand Canyon

This iconic American landmark is located in Arizona and spans 18 miles. Some portions of the canyon are over a mile deep.

52

Name five countries in South America.

Countries of South America:

Brazil - Colombia - Argentina - Peru - Venezuela - Chile - Ecuador - Bolivia - Paraguay - Uruguay - Guyana - Suriname - French Guiana - Falkland Islands (UK)

53

Name this landmark:

Great Pyramid of Giza

The most iconic of the Egyptian pyramids, it was constructed between 2560 and 2540 B.C.

54

This Brazilian city is famous for its statue of Christ the Redeemer.

Rio de Janeiro

55

What is this landmark?

Great Sphinx of Giza

Located in Egypt and constructed around 2500 B.C., the Great Sphinx is the world's oldest monumental sculpture.