Geography Aug 26 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Geography Aug 26 Deck (118):
1

Spring

Where water flows out of the ground

2

A small sheltered bay

Cove

2

The study of the Earth and its people

Geography

3

A plain raised high above the surrounding land

Plateau

4

3000 mile long mountain range running through the Western Side of the US and Canada.

Rocky Mountains

4

An imaginary line that sits atop a continuous ridge of mountain summits in the Rocky Mountains that divide the continent into two drainage areas

Continental Divide

5

Plain

A large and flat area of land

5

Sierra Madres Mountain

A mountain range that runs along the west coast of Mexico and into Central America where they include many rainforest covered volcanos

5

Land surrounded by water on 3 sides

Peninsula

5

1. Pacific; 2. Atlantic; 3. Indian; 4. Arctic; 5. Southern Oceans

The 5 Oceans

7

Bay

A body of water partially enclosed by land

8

Lake

A large body of water surrounded by land

8

Rocky Mountains

3000 mile long mountain range running through the Western Side of the US and Canada.

8

Found east of the Rockies and extend to edge of the Canadian shield and to the western edge of the Appalachians; the land is generally smooth with large treeless areas and shallow river valleys

The Great Plains

9

valley

a low area of land between hills and mountains

9

Mississippi River

2339 mile long river west of the Appalachians

10

Dune

A mound of sediment formed by the wind; sediment can include sand and silt

12

Geyser

A hot spring of water that is under pressure and shoots into the air

13

Geographers

People who study geography

13

Where water flows out of the ground

Spring

14

A steep rock face

Cliff

15

Peninsula

Land surrounded by water on 3 sides

15

A large and flat area of land

Plain

16

A bowl shaped cavity in the ground caused by a explosion. Most are created by the impact of meteorites

Crater

16

This plateau region of eastern and northern Canada and the Great Lakes area of North America mainly includes rough and rocky surfaces and larger areas of evergreen forests.

Canadian Shield

17

Human Environment Interaction

Describes how people affect their environment, or natural surroundings, and how their environment affects them

19

Coast

Where lands meets the sea

19

A narrow valley with a stream running through it

Gorge

19

A triangular buildup of sediment at the mouth of a river where it enters into a large body of water

Delta

20

Gorge

A narrow valley with a stream running through it

22

Alluvial Fan

A fan or cone shaped deposit of sediment crossed and built up by streams

23

________ refer to areas of the Earth's surface that have several common characteristics such as land, natural resources or population

Regions

25

Regions

________ refer to areas of the Earth's surface that have several common characteristics such as land, natural resources or population

26

The World Ocean or Sea

A large body of water covering the majority of the Earth's surface

27

Hydrosphere

The _________ is made up of all of the water on the Earth

27

Continental Divide

An imaginary line that sits atop a continuous ridge of mountain summits in the Rocky Mountains that divide the continent into two drainage areas

28

The _________ is the outermost rigid layer of the Earth; also known as the "rock sphere"

Lithosphere

29

Hill

A naturally raised area of land

30

People who study geography

Geographers

31

A hot spring of water that is under pressure and shoots into the air

Geyser

32

Large natural stream of water

River

33

A group of islands

Archipelago

34

A narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water

Strait

36

The 5 Oceans

1. Pacific; 2. Atlantic; 3. Indian; 4. Arctic; 5. Southern Oceans

38

River

Large natural stream of water

38

Atmosphere

A mixture of gases that surrounds the Earth

40

A underground passage or chamber

Cave

41

A mixture of gases that surrounds the Earth

Atmosphere

43

Volcano

An opening in the Earth's crust where lava, ash and gases escape.

44

Where lands meets the sea

Coast

44

1. Location; 2. Place; 3. Human Environment Interactions; 4. Movement; 5. Regions

What are the 5 Themes

45

A mound of sediment formed by the wind; sediment can include sand and silt

Dune

46

The _________ is made up of all of the water on the Earth

Hydrosphere

47

What are the 5 Themes

1. Location; 2. Place; 3. Human Environment Interactions; 4. Movement; 5. Regions

48

Sea

A geographically distinct section of the ocean; usually smaller than the ocean

48

Iceberg

A large floating mass of ice detached from a glacier or ice sheet and carried out to sea

49

2339 mile long river west of the Appalachians

Mississippi River

50

A mountain range that runs along the west coast of Mexico and into Central America where they include many rainforest covered volcanos

Sierra Madres Mountain

51

Plateau

A plain raised high above the surrounding land

51

Movement

_____ explains how and why people, ideas, and goods move from place to place

51

Describes how people affect their environment, or natural surroundings, and how their environment affects them

Human Environment Interaction

52

The position of a place on the Earth's surface

Location

54

A body of water partially enclosed by land

Bay

54

A large body of water covering the majority of the Earth's surface

The World Ocean or Sea

55

a low area of land between hills and mountains

valley

56

Cove

A small sheltered bay

57

Canadian Shield

This plateau region of eastern and northern Canada and the Great Lakes area of North America mainly includes rough and rocky surfaces and larger areas of evergreen forests.

59

A geographically distinct section of the ocean; usually smaller than the ocean

Sea

60

A natural elevation of the Earth's surface with steep sides

Mountain

62

Lithosphere

The _________ is the outermost rigid layer of the Earth; also known as the "rock sphere"

64

The Great Plains

Found east of the Rockies and extend to edge of the Canadian shield and to the western edge of the Appalachians; the land is generally smooth with large treeless areas and shallow river valleys

66

Geography

The study of the Earth and its people

68

Archipelago

A group of islands

69

A feature on the surface of the Earth

Landform

69

1,450 miles, this river begins in the Rocky Mountains of Northern Colorado and ends in the Gulf of California

Colorado River

70

Waterfall

Water falling from a great height when a river of stream flows over a cliff or drop-off

71

Cliff

A steep rock face

71

Coastal Plains

This area of the southern and southeastern US extends to the continental shelf and is generally characterized by level land with assorted mixed forests

72

Location

The position of a place on the Earth's surface

73

Water falling from a great height when a river of stream flows over a cliff or drop-off

Waterfall

74

Lithosphere, Atmosphere; Biosphere; Hydrosphere

Four Earth's spheres?

76

Colorado River

1,450 miles, this river begins in the Rocky Mountains of Northern Colorado and ends in the Gulf of California

77

Mountain

A natural elevation of the Earth's surface with steep sides

78

The 7 Continents

1. North America; 2. South America; 3. Europe; 4. Africa; 5. Asia; 6. Australia/Oceania; 7. Antarctica

79

All life on Earth; Includes all the Earth's ecosystems

Biosphere

81

A large bay

Gulf

82

Beach

Pebbles or sand along a coastline

82

A large gorge with very steep sides

Canyon

83

Four Earth's spheres?

Lithosphere, Atmosphere; Biosphere; Hydrosphere

84

A piece of land completely surrounded by water

Island

85

Crater

A bowl shaped cavity in the ground caused by a explosion. Most are created by the impact of meteorites

86

Describes the characteristics of a location that make it unique or different

Place

88

Island

A piece of land completely surrounded by water

89

A fan or cone shaped deposit of sediment crossed and built up by streams

Alluvial Fan

91

_____ explains how and why people, ideas, and goods move from place to place

Movement

92

Canyon

A large gorge with very steep sides

93

Large canyon in northern Arizona. 277 miles long up to 18 miles wide and 6000 feet tall.

Grand Canyon

94

1. North America; 2. South America; 3. Europe; 4. Africa; 5. Asia; 6. Australia/Oceania; 7. Antarctica

The 7 Continents

96

A slow moving mass or river of ice

Glacier

98

Delta

A triangular buildup of sediment at the mouth of a river where it enters into a large body of water

100

Pebbles or sand along a coastline

Beach

101

This area of the southern and southeastern US extends to the continental shelf and is generally characterized by level land with assorted mixed forests

Coastal Plains

102

A naturally raised area of land

Hill

103

Appalachian Mountains

1500 mile long mountain range running through the Eastern side of the US and Canada

104

Strait

A narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water

105

A narrow strip of land with sea on either side , forming a link between two larger areas of land

Isthmus

106

Gulf

A large bay

107

Cave

A underground passage or chamber

108

Isthmus

A narrow strip of land with sea on either side , forming a link between two larger areas of land

109

Grand Canyon

Large canyon in northern Arizona. 277 miles long up to 18 miles wide and 6000 feet tall.

110

Glacier

A slow moving mass or river of ice

111

A large body of water surrounded by land

Lake

112

Biosphere

All life on Earth; Includes all the Earth's ecosystems

114

Landform

A feature on the surface of the Earth

115

An opening in the Earth's crust where lava, ash and gases escape.

Volcano

116

A large floating mass of ice detached from a glacier or ice sheet and carried out to sea

Iceberg

117

Place

Describes the characteristics of a location that make it unique or different

118

1500 mile long mountain range running through the Eastern side of the US and Canada

Appalachian Mountains