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Flashcards in geography "Russia & the Republics" Deck (55):
0

Russia is _ times the land area of the United States

3

1

How many time zones are spread through Europe and Asia

11

2

It is nearly _/_ of the earth's land surface

1/6

3

Russia has the richest what

Agricultural land

4

The Northern European place has the most what

People

5

The Northern European plain has the largest what

Cities

6

Where does the Northern European plain stretch from

Western border of Russia to the Ural Mountains

7

Black earth

Chernozem

8

Where is chernozem abundant

Northern European plain

9

What are the cities included in the Northern European plain

Moscow
St. Petersburg
Kiev

10

How many people live in this region
What percent of those people live on the Northern European plain

283 million
75%

11

What happens when you move east in the north

Elevation Riss
plains change into plateaus mountains

12

What mountain range stretched across the land that separates the Black and Caspian seas

Caucasus

13

What 2 seas are separated by the Caucasus mountains

Black
Caspian

14

What mountain range forms the border between Russia and Transcaucasia

Caucasus

15

What two places do the Caucasus mountains form the border between

Russia
Transcaucasia

16

What republics does the region Transcaucasia consist of

Armenia
Azerbaijan
Georgia

17

Where do some of the world's largest rivers flow through

The vast plains of Russia and the republics

18

What river carries about 60% of Russia's river traffic

Volga

19

What percent of Russia's river traffic does the Volga carry

60%

20

What are 2 of the largest lakes that are located in Central Asia

Caspian Sea
Aral Sea

21

Where are 2 of the largest lakes located

Central Asia

22

What is the deepest lake in the world

Lake Baikal

23

What lake holds 20% of the world's freshwater

Lake Baikal

24

What percent of the world's freshwater does Lake Baikal hold

20%

25

How many species are unique to lake Baikal

1200

26

What are the abundant resources of Russia and the republics

Reserves of coal
Deposits of iron ore
Other metals

27

What are Russia and the republics the leading producers of

Oil
Natural gas

28

What percent of the world's timber resources do Russia and the republics hold

20%

29

Where are many of the resources of Russia and the republics located

The frigid arctic and subarctic region of Siberia

30

the effect on land because of the distance from the moderating influence of the sea

Continentality

31

What temperature can Siberia drop below

-90°F

32

Where does moist air from the Mediterranean contribute to a subtropical climate

Transcaucasia

33

What has made travel to this place difficult

Ethnic conflict

34

Black topsoil, one of the world's most fertile soils

Chernozem

35

The mountain range that separates the Northern European and west Siberian plains and used as the dividing line between Europe and Asia

Ural Mountains

36

The combined continent of Europe and Asia

Eurasia

37

A region that consists of the republics of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia
Located between the Caucasus mountains and the borders of Turkey and Iran

Transcaucasia

38

A region that includes the republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Takikistam, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Central Asia

39

A region of central and eastern Russia, stretching from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean
Known for its mineral resources and for being a place of political exile

Siberia

40

A nearly continuous belt of evergreen coniferous forests across the northern hemisphere, in North America and Eurasia

Taiga

41

Rainfall not absorbed by soil, which can carry pesticides and fertilizers from fields into rivers; endangering the food chain

Runoff

42

A railroad that would eventually link Moscow to the Pacific part of Vladivostok
Built between 1891 and 1903

Trans-Siberian Railroad

43

What is the name of the region crossed by the Trans-Siberian railroad

Siberia

44

What region is located south of the Caucasus mountains

Transcaucasia

45

What is chernozem and where is it found

Black topsoil
Found on the Northern European plain

46

How can runoff effect the environment

It can endanger the food chain

47

What are the 5 republics located in Central Asia

Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan

48

Why are the Ural Mountains important for geographers

They divide Europe and Asia

49

What is the name of the non-European part of Russia

Siberia

50

Which vegetation region allows Russia to boast 1/5 of the world's timber resources

the Taiga

51

Why do Russia and the republics receive limited precipitation

They are far away from a body of water (continentality)

52

Which landmass is named after the continents of Asia and Europe

Eurasia

53

What ocean lies north of Russia and the republics

Arctic

54

How deep is Lake Baikal

About 6000 feet

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