Geography Test on December 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Geography Test on December 17 Deck (59):
1

How many maritime ecozones are there in Canada?

Canada is divided into 5 marine Ecozones.

2

Explain how the PHYSICAL Geography influences the HUMAN Geography in the region of Canadian Shield.

3

What are Biomes typically named after?

Biomes are usually named after their dominant vegetation type and are determined by the particular climate or geography of a region

4

What is Climate Change?

Is a change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.

5

What is the area in the Plains?

Flat

6

Explain how the PHYSICAL Geography influences the HUMAN Geography in the region of Mountains.

Tourism and logging are prevalent in places with mountains

The physical landscape of North America is extremely varied, and therefore so is the economic and cultural landscape of the continent.

7

What is the landforms in the Boreal Shield Ecozone? 2

Plains,

Low hills of the Canadian Shield

8

Explain how the PHYSICAL Geography influences the HUMAN Geography in the region of Desert.

Shortage of water is a problem so people get their water from deep undergroud, or go from oasisi to oasis.

9

Explain how the PHYSICAL Geography influences the HUMAN Geography in the region of Prairie.

Farming is commonplace in areas with a flat landscape.

10

What is currently being not done about Climate Change?

The media doubting Climate change

11

Describe the relationship between place and identity. 3

Place builds a strong familiar relationship with through association and feelings to the place, to a point that we are very familiar to it. 

And as we travel to unfamiliar places, we do not feel as "homely" and feel homesick. The place we live on for the most part of our life, become part of us, an idenity.

The landscape is different; the weather may be different; houses and towns are different; people are not the same; even things such as sounds and smells are not those that we are familiar with.

12

Where does Nitrous oxide come from? 2

Soils and the ocean

13

When did the world population reached 1 billion?

The World Population reached 1 billion in 1810

14

What are the human activitis in the Boreal Shield Ecozone? 5

Forestry,

Mining,

Tourism,

Recreational,

Trapping.

15

What kind of area is in a Boreal?

Coniferous trees

16

What are the 3 factors causing the collision between civilization and the earth?

Population is growing exponetially

The Technology revolution made us dependant on oil and gas

Our Way of thinking is more money based, not preserving the earth.

17

What are 2 major characteristics of one of the Terrestial Biome in the world: Tundra

 

Arctic,

Alpine

18

What is the Vegetation in the Boreal Shield Ecozone?

Coniferous (black spruce, white spruce and jack pine)

mixed with decidous (yellow birch, maple and black ash)

19

What are 2 major characteristics of one of the Terrestial Biome in the world: Grasslands?

 

Savannah,

Temperate

 

20

What is the Climate in the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone? 4

Long mild winters (-4 degrees Celsius)

Moderately warm summers (17 degrees Celsius)

Precipitation from 1000 to 1400mm

Growing season: 180-210 days

21

What are 4 mmajor characteristics of one of the Terrestial Biome in the world: Desert?

Hot and Dry,

Semi-Arid,

Coastal,

Cold

 

22

Where does Methane come from? 5

 

Wetlands,

Rice paddies,

Animal digestive processes,

Landfills

Sewage Treatments

23

What are the three Greenhouse gasses most closely associated with human activities?

Methane

Nitrous oxide

Carbon Dioxide

24

What are the human activitis in the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone? 5

Forestry,

Agriculture,

Fishing,

Tourism,

Urbanization

25

What can governments do about Climate Change?

Place carbon taxes on those companies that pollute the most

Promote fuel efficieny in their country

Investing in green energy solutions

26

What is the Vegetation in the Pacific Maritime Ecozone? 3

Varies with elevation;

Coniferous trees (western red Cedar, Douglas Fir and Western Hemlock)

27

What kind of area is in a Cordillera?

Mountainous

28

Explain how the PHYSICAL Geography influences the HUMAN Geography in the region of Coastal Areas.

Since they live closely to the water, fish is very

29

What are 3 major characteristics of one of the Terrestial Biome in the world: Forests?

 

Boreal,

Temperate,

Tropical

 

30

What are the 4 reasons as to why Canada has a varied climate?

Canada covers a great distance, from the north to the south,

We have different elevations,

Coastal regions have different climate than inland regions,

Wind pressure systems move weather conditions around.

31

What is the Vegetation in the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone? 3

Coniferous (white pine, red spruce and sugar maple)

 

32

Explain how the PHYSICAL Geography influences the HUMAN Geography in the region of Tundra.

It is very cold in the tundra so food varies by the season

33

What kind of area is in a Shield?

Rocky/Igneous Rock

34

What is a Major City in the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone? 3

Fredericton,

St, John,

Charlottetown

35

What are the four steps to the Greenhouse Effect?

Solar energy from the sun passes through the atmosphere.

Some energy is reflected back out to space.

Earth's surface is heated by the sun and radiates the heat back out towards space.

Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap some of the heat.

 

36

Explain how areas are grouped into Ecozones (8)

Areas can be grouped into separate Ecozones based upon the way in which geologic, landform, soil, vegetation, climate, weather, wildlife, and human factors are linked together.

37

In your mind, illustrate how the Greenhouse Effect work. Use the 4 steps.

A image thumb
38

What is currently being done about Climate Change?

What we are doing about Climate Change is raising awareness. There was recently the Paris Meeting 

using better eco friendly, sustainable methods to save the planet

Finding new ways to reduce emission, 

Giving money to developing countries to help fund a new green way

39

What is Global Warming?

Is a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth's atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and other pollutants

40

How do scientists know that human activiteies are causing Climate Change/Global Warming?

Because there are human fingerprints on carbon overload. When humans burn coal, oil and gas (fossil fuels) to generate electricity or drive our cars, carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere, where it traps heat.

41

Provide SPECIFIC examples of how Climate Change is currently impacting our earth and what is projected to happen if we continue to live the way we do today.

Sea ice and glaciers are melting so fast

 

drought, famine, economic collapse, more super storms

flooding

42

What is a biome?

A Biome is a large geographical area characterized by specific plant and animal communities.

43

What are the Greenhouse gases? 6

Water vapours

Methane

Ozone

Carbon dioxide

Nitrous oxide

Halocarbons

44

What are indicators of  a changing climate? 5

Glaciers,

Ice Shelves,

Sea Ice,

Wildlife, 

Aboriginals

45

What is a Major City in the Boreal Shield Ecozone? 3

Thompson,

Sudbury, 

Thunder Bay

46

How many terrestial ecozones are there in Canada?

Canada is divided into 15 terrestrial Ecozones

47

What is the landforms in the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone? 2

Coastal Plains,

Hills

48

Where does Carbon dioxide come form?

Released through burning fossil fuels

49

Explain how we know what atmospheric CO2 concentrations were thousands of years ago.

We that becuse scientist studied ice cores,

tree rings,

rocks,

fossils.

50

What are the human activitis in the Pacific Maritime Ecozone? 4

Forestry,

Urbanization,

Fish processing,

Agriculture

51

What is a Major City in the Pacific Maritime Ecozone? 2

Victoria

Prince Rupert

52

Define Human Geography and provide 5 examples.

Is the study of human activities and how they are affected or influenced by the earth's surface.

Examples:

Population,

Human settlement patterns,

Natural resource exploitation,

Transportation,

Environmental issues.

53

What is the landforms in the Pacific Maritime Ecozone?

Mountains, with small areas of coastal plains

54

What can inviduals do about this issue?

Commute by bus often

Use LEDs

Eat wisely

 

55

What is the Climate in the Boreal Shield Ecozone? 4

Long winters (-15 degrees Celsius)

Short summers (17 degrees Celsius)

Precipitation from 400 to 1000mm

Growing season: 130-190 days

56

What kind of area is in a Taiga?

A transition between Boreal Forest and Tundra.

(end of the tree lines to almost permafrost grounds)

57

List the major Terrestial Biomes found in the world and briefly list the major characteristics of each. (4)  Two to Four major characteristic per each

There 4 major terrestrial Biomes in the world can each be further sub-divided. They are:

1. Desert (Hot and Dry, Semi-Arid, Coastal, Cold)

2. Forests (Boreal, Temperate, Tropical)

3. Grasslands (Savannah, Temperate)

4. Tundra (Arctic, Alpine)

58

Define Physical Geography and provide 3 examples.

Is the study of natural features and processes 

Examples:

Tectonics,

Eco-zones, 

Landforms

59

What is the Climate in the Pacific Maritime Ecozone?

Mild winters ( 3 degrees Celsius)

Cool summers (15 degrees Celsius)

Precipitation from 600 to 2000mm

Growing season: 200-260 days