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Flashcards in geography "Transcaucasia" Deck (45):
0

how many different groups of people live in Transcaucasia and why

50
there are so many trade routes

1

what religions do most people belong to

Christian
Muslim

2

What are the oldest Christian states

Armenia
Georgia

3

What state has the greatest majority of Muslims

Azerbaijan

4

What year did the czar add Transcaucasia to the Russian empire

1870s

5

What year did the red army take control of the region for the soviet union

1920s

6

When did Transcaucasia regain political independence

1991

7

What group produces famous wines
What do they use to produce this wine

Georgians
Grapes cultivated along the black sea

8

What industry is most important to the region

Oil

9

What state holds most of the oil

Azerbaijan

10

What rate in this region is among the highest in the world
Why is this

Literacy rates
The educational programs of the Soviet Union

11

What does Central Asia consist of

Kazakstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Uzbekistan

12

Who struggled for control of the region in the 19th century

British and Russian empires

13

Who did both the Russian and British empires recruit

Daring young officers who made journeys in disguise

14

Who seized control between the British and Russian empires
When

Russia
End of the 19th century

15

When did scientist explode nuclear devices
Where was it
How many did they explode

Between 1949 and 1989
Kazakhstan
470

16

How many people were exposed to dangerous levels of radiation

Over a million

17

People with no permanent home

Nomads

18

What area is ideal for nomadic people

The expansive grasslands of Central Asia

19

What is among the most valuable possessions of the nomads

Their tents (yurts)

20

The countries of Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia, located on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea

Baltic republics

21

What counties make up the Baltic republics
Where are they located

Latvia
Lithuania
Estonia
Eastern coast of the Baltic Sea

22

The emperor of Russia prior to the Russian revolution of 1917 and the subsequent creation of the Soviet Union in 1922

Czar

23

The revolt of 1917, in which the Russian communists party, led by V.I. Lenin, took control of the government from the czars

Russian revolution

24

Formed in 1922 by the communists and officially dissolved in 1991

USSR

25

The conflict between the USA and the Soviet Union after WWII, called this because it never escalated into open warfare

Cold War

26

a type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by a central government, which usually owns the means of production

Command economy

27

An enormous farm in the Soviet Union on which a large team of laborers were gathered to work together during Joseph Stalin's reign

Collective farm

28

The name of the soviet union's military

Red army

29

Who's reign did collective farms come together during

Joseph Stalin

30

The 4000-mile route between China and the Mediterranean Sea, named for the costly silk acquired in China

Silk Road

31

A tent of Central Asia's nomads

Yurt

32

What did the Silk Road contribute to

The growth of magnificent trading cities such as Samarguand

33

What did the people say happened after they replaced the old system

There is a vacuum

34

What has the test for many leaders been

how to preserve law and order without returning to the undemocratic rule of the Soviet era

35

What state in the USA is the Caucasus about the size of

California

36

What republic that remained part of Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union has experienced the worst violence

Chechnya

37

What happened to Chechnya after Russia invaded it twice in the 1900s

it caused over 100,000 casualties

38

What happened in March 2010 in Chechnya
Who were named responsible

Bombs exploded in a Moscow subway killing or injuring dozens
Widows of Chechen

39

Who fought over a mountain range and what is the name of it

Armenia
Azerbaijan
Nagorno-Karabakh

40

How long did the fighting over the territory last
Who won in the end

On and off for 6 years
Armenia

41

How much did the price of many goods increase by

250%

42

What happened by the end of the 20th century

over 60% of the country's workforce worked in the private sector by the end of the 20th century

43

What happened by the end of the 1990s

Nearly 40% of the Russian population lived far below the poverty line

44

What did the government estimate in 1998

That organized criminals controlled 40% of private companies and 60% of state-owned enterprises

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