Geriatrics Flashcards Preview

Part II/III Board Review > Geriatrics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Geriatrics Deck (21):
1

M/C geriatric neuromuscular complaint. M/C in weight bearing joints. The nodes are called Heberden's nodes in the DIP joints

DJD

2

Grayish opaque ring around the cornea

Arcus Senilis

3

Loss of elasticity of the lens or hardening of the lens (can't focus on close objects)

Presbyopia

4

Ability to hear high frequencies is lost

Presbycussis

5

M/C endocrine malfunction in the elderly

Diabetes Mellitus

6

M/C anemia in geriatrics

Iron Deficient Anemia

7

M/C plasma cell dyscrasia (cancer)

Multiple Myeloma

8

This ds is seen in those w/ alcohol abuse; B1 (Thiamin) deficiency

Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

9

A bed sore that requires protein for healing. M/C over the sacrum

Decubitus Ulcer

10

M/C fx bone in the elderly

Hip

11

Rodent ulcer is an AKA for what cancer?

Basal Cell Carcinoma

12

Itchy scaly patch is assoc. w/ what skin cancer?

Squamous cell

13

M/C visual problem in the elderly causing blindness

Macular Degeneration

14

Mental deterioration (cortical degeneration), amnesia, depression, anxiety, & rigidity. Best diagnosis is autopsy

Alzheimer's Disease

15

This instrument is used to check for glaucoma (increased intraocular pressure)

Tonometer

16

These nutrients reduce the risk of fx's in the elderly

Vit. D
Calcium

17

This is used to measure blood volume, oxygen uptake transport, & metabolism.

PET (Positron Emission Test)

18

Discriminatory tx of the elderly is called what?

Ageism

19

M/C endocrine cause of carpal tunnel?

Hypothyoidism

20

M/C cause of conduction loss in elderly?

Cerumen

21

Known as the "barnacles of old age", insignificant

Seborrheic keratosis