Flashcards in Geriatrics Deck (18):
Altered level of consicousness
How many meds increases falls?
Osteoporosis DEXA score
Osteopenia DEXA score
Drug to treat muscle pain from peripheral artery disease?
Setting, perception (what do you know), invitation (can I share some news), knowledge (tell whats going on), Empathy, summarize
Normal score for animal naming test, abnormal result?
18, 12 is abnormal
How to score clock drawing?
1 point for each quadrant except 4, which has 4 points. Each quadrant should have 3 numbers. On the line? In the quadrant clockwise. Not a good test for determining severity of dementia.
30 is perfect. 27-30 is normal.
Causes of incontinence
Dementia, Infection, atrophic vaginitis, pharm, psychological, excessive fluid intake, restricted mobility, stool impaction
What are the first two opioid side effects to resolve?
Nausea and sedation
Which opioid side effect doesn't resolve?
When to start asking about falls?
65, earlier if risk factors.
Definition of dementia?
Memory loss and loss of daily function
Drugs to treat dementia
Donepezil (cholinesterase inhibitor) aka aricept
Memantine - NMDA receptor antagonist
Risk factors for dementia
Family history, depression ,age, hyperlipidemia, lower education, seen in women.
Mild cognitive impairment vs dementia
Doesn't impair function