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Flashcards in Geriatrics Deck (18):
1

Delirium?

Acute
Fluctuating
Altered level of consicousness
Disorganized thought
Inattention

2

How many meds increases falls?

4

3

Osteoporosis DEXA score

T

4

Osteopenia DEXA score

T-2.5

5

Drug to treat muscle pain from peripheral artery disease?

Pentoxifylline

6

SPIKES

Setting, perception (what do you know), invitation (can I share some news), knowledge (tell whats going on), Empathy, summarize

7

Normal score for animal naming test, abnormal result?

18, 12 is abnormal

8

How to score clock drawing?

1 point for each quadrant except 4, which has 4 points. Each quadrant should have 3 numbers. On the line? In the quadrant clockwise. Not a good test for determining severity of dementia.

9

MMSE scoring

30 is perfect. 27-30 is normal.
20-27

10

Causes of incontinence

Dementia, Infection, atrophic vaginitis, pharm, psychological, excessive fluid intake, restricted mobility, stool impaction

11

What are the first two opioid side effects to resolve?

Nausea and sedation

12

Which opioid side effect doesn't resolve?

Constipation

13

When to start asking about falls?

65, earlier if risk factors.

14

Definition of dementia?

Memory loss and loss of daily function

15

Drugs to treat dementia

Donepezil (cholinesterase inhibitor) aka aricept
Memantine - NMDA receptor antagonist

16

Risk factors for dementia

Family history, depression ,age, hyperlipidemia, lower education, seen in women.

17

Mild cognitive impairment vs dementia

Doesn't impair function

18

Rome criteria for IBS

Better with defecation, change in stool frequency, change in stool composition.