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Flashcards in Germany and Russian revolution Deck (56):
1

Proletariats :

Wage earners

2

First socialist state in the world

Russia

3

Kulaks

Well to do peasants of Russia

4

Affiliated meaning

Adj :
Officially attached or connected to an organization.

5

Imperialism meaning

Noun
a policy of extending a country's power and influence through colonization, use of military force, or other means.

Historical:
rule by an emperor.

6

Bolshevik party was renamed as the

Russian communist party.

7

Secret police called ......... was created to punish those who criticised Bolsheviks

Cheka

8

When was industries and banks nationalised in Russia

November 1917

9

When did Russia make peace with Germany after withdrawing from the 1st world war

March 1918

10

When did the Russian Empire became USSR

December 1922.

11

Who gave the slogan “Peace,land and bread” in Russia

Lenin

12

Bolsheviks were termed as ........ during the civil war in Russia

Reds

13

In the civil war in Russia, who won

Bolsheviks (with the support of non Russian nationalities and Muslims)

14

The term ‘greens’ ‘reds’ and ‘whites in the civil war denoted

They are the main groups involved in Russian civil war:
Green : Socialist Revolutionaries
Whites : Pro Tsarists
Reds : Bolsheviks

(Reds won the battle)

15

Central powers

Britain, France,Russia,Italy,Romania

16

Cooperative society set up by a prominent person Robert Owen

New Harmony (Indiana,USA)

17

When was February revolution

February 1917 in which the Tsar Russia was overthrown.

18

Bolsheviks party leader

Lenin

19

February revolution in 1917 in Russia overthrew

The Tsar of Russia

20

When and where did Russia make peace with Germany after the world war 1

March 1918 , at Brest Litovsk

21

Russian Democratic Workers Party was formed by

George Plekhanov in 1898

22

Russian democratic workers party got divided into

Mensheviks: party was open to all
Bolsheviks: party not open to all.

In 1903.

23

Socialist revolutionary party was formed in Russia in

1900

24

Mensheviks were led by

Martov

25

Bolsheviks were led by

Lenin

26

Planned economic development happens in Russia under the ideas of

Lenin and Stalin.

27

Collective farms in Russia were called

Kolkhozes

28

Collectivisation in Russia

Joining private farms and small size holding of peasants together so that they are controlled by the community or govt.

29

Who won the won the world war 1

Allied powers which were strengthened by US entry in 1917.

30

When did world war 1 end and

November 1918

31

German parliament was also called

Reichstag

32

Federal government

system that divides up power between a strong national government and smaller local governments.

33

Reparation

Make up for a wrong thing done.

34

Germany had to accept the ........ as it lost

Treaty of Versailles

35

When did Hitler join the German Workers party which later became known as the Nazi party

1919

36

When did Hitler lead a failing attack against Bavaria

1923.

37

When did Nazi party become popular in Germany

During The Great Depression.

38

Destitution meaning

noun
poverty so extreme that one lacks the means to provide for oneself.

39

When did president Hindenburg offer the chancellorship (highest position in the cabinet of ministers) to hitler

30 January 1933

40

Repression

Action of subduing someone by force.

41

Famous Enabling Act ?

It was passed on 3 March 1933. It gave power to Hitler to sideline parliament and rule by decree.

42

Impunity

Noun:
Exemption from punishment

43

Hegemony meaning

Leadership

44

When did world war 2 end

May 1945

45

Who was the president who gave power to Hitler

Hidenburg

46

When did Germany quit the League of Nations

1933

47

When did Germany reoccupied Rhineland

1936

48

When did Germany integrated Austria with it

1938

49

When did Germany invade Poland

September 1939, this started a war with France and England.

50

What was Tripartite pact formed in September 1914 ?

Pact between Japan, Italy and Germany increasing his claim to international powers.

51

When was Hitler’s failing attack on Soviet Union

June 1941

52

Unsurers

Money lenders who charge excessive interest (abusive word)

53

Synagogue meaning

Place of worship for people of Jewish faith

54

Ethnic meaning

Adj.

Racial

55

Pogrom

Noun

an organized massacre of a particular ethnic group.

56

Nazi killing programs are called

Holocaust.