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PHARM Spring 2018 > GI > Flashcards

Flashcards in GI Deck (96):
1

magnesium hydroxide

antacid

2

magnesium hydroxide/aluminum hydroxide

antacid

3

calcium carbonate

antacid

4

sodium bicarbonate

antacid

5

cimetidine

histamine 2 blocker

6

famotidine

histamine 2 blocker

7

nizatidine

histamine 2 blocker

8

ranitidine

histamine 2 blocker

9

esomeprazole

proton pump inhibitor

10

lansoprazole

proton pump inhibitor

11

omeprazole

proton pump inhibitor

12

pantoprazole

proton pump inhibitor

13

rabeprazole

proton pump inhibitor

14

dexlansoprazole

proton pump inhibitor

15

misoprostol

prostoglandin analog

16

sucralfate

mucosal protective agent

17

bismuth subsalicylate

mucosal protective agent

18

mesalamine

aminosalicylate

19

sulfasalazine

aminosalicylate

20

oslsalazine

aminosalicylate

21

balsalazide

aminosalicylate

22

budesonide

corticosteroid

23

azathioprine

immunosuppressant (purine synthesis inhibition)

24

6-mercaptopurine

immunosuppressant (purine synthesis inhibition)

25

methotrexate

immunosuppressant (folate inhibition)

26

cyclosporine

immunosuppressant

27

infliximab

biologic immunosuppressant (anti TNF alpha agent)

28

certolizumab

biologic immunosuppressant (antibody fragment targeting TNF alpha)

29

adalimumab

biologic immunosuppressant (anti TNF alpha antibody)

30

golimumab

biologic immunosuppressant (anti TNF alpha antibody)

31

natalizumab

biologic immunosuppressant (humanized monoclonal antibody)

32

vedolizumab

biologic immunosuppressant (humanized monoclonal antibody)

33

lipase/amylase/protease

pancreatic enzymes

34

scopolamine

anticholingeric

35

cyclizine

antihistamine

36

dimenhydrinate

antihistamine

37

diphenhydramine

antihistamine

38

hydroxyzine

antihistamine

39

meclizine

antihistamine

40

doxylamine

antihistamine

41

chlorpromazine

phenothiazine

42

prochlorperazine

phenothiazine

43

promethazine

phenothiazine

44

droperidol

butyrophenone

45

haloperidol

butyrophenone

46

metoclopramide

benzamide

47

trimethobenzamide

benzamide

48

dexamethasone

corticosteroid

49

methylprednisolone

corticosteroid

50

dronabinol

cannabinoid

51

nabilone

cannabinoid

52

lorazepam

benzodiazepine

53

alprazolam

benzodiazepine

54

dolasetron

serotonin antagonist

55

granisetron

serotonin antagonist

56

ondansetron

serotonin antagonist

57

palonestron

serotonin antagonist

58

aprepitant

neurokinin-1 antagonist

59

netupitant

neurokinin-1 antagonist

60

pyridoxine

vitamin B6

61

psyllium

bulk producer

62

polycarbophil

bulk producer

63

methylcellulose

bulk producer

64

lactulose

hyperosmotic

65

sorbitol

hyperosmotic

66

glycerin

hyperosmotic

67

polyethylene glycol (PEG) 3350

hyperosmotic

68

mineral oil (oral)

lubricant

69

bisacodyl

stimulant laxative

70

senna

stimulant laxative

71

castor oil

stimulant laxative

72

docusate

emollient

73

magnesium citrate

saline agent

74

magnesium hydroxide

saline agent

75

magnesium sulfate

saline agent

76

other sodium and phosphate salt agents

saline agent

77

lupiprostone

intestinal secretagogue

78

linaclotide

intestinal secretagogue

79

methylnaltrexone bromide

peripherally acting mu-opiod receptor antagonist

80

naloxegol

peripherally acting mu-opiod receptor antagonist

81

1L water+8tsp sugar+1tsp salt

oral re-hydration

82

calcium polycarbophil

adsorbent and bulk agent

83

psyllium

adsorbent and bulk agent

84

methylellulose

adsorbent and bulk agent

85

loperamide

antiperistaltic (antimotility) agent

86

diphenoxylate+atropine

antiperistaltic (antimotility) agent

87

bismuth subsalicylate

antisecretory agent

88

ocreotide

antisecretory agent

89

dicyclomine

antispasmodic

90

hyoscyamine

antispasmodic

91

propantheline

antispasmodic

92

clindinium+chlordiazepoxide

antispasmodic

93

hyoscyamine/scopalamine/atropine/phenobarbital

antispasmodic

94

peppermint oil

antispasmodic

95

eluxadoline

mu-opiod receptor agonist

96

alosetron

5HT3 antagonist (serotonin receptor blocker)