Flashcards in GI - 8 Antibiotic Associated Diarrhea and C. Diff Deck (15)
Is antibiotic-associated diarrhea common?
What resolves antibiotic associated diarrhea?
Discontinuation of antibiotic
What's the most common cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea?
changes in colonic bacterial fermentation of carbohydrates (C diff causes fewer cases)
What's the cause of Antibiotic-associated colitis?
How does Antibiotic-associated colitis happen?
Antibiotics knock out good flora as well as bad flora. Then a hospital patient/staff passes C. Diff to them and they get this.
Drug to treat antibiotic associated colitis
2 examples of fluoroquinolones:
Mild-mod greenish, foul smelling watery diarrhea
Lower abdominal cramps when going to the bathroom
Normal or mild left lower quadrant tenderness
C diff diarrhea
The key 2 symptoms of C Diff colitis are:
with mucous and lots of blood
What's a test to diagnose C diff? How does it work?
PCR - tests for toxin B (one of A&B toxins made by C diff)
Yellow adherent plaques over colonic mucosa is a sign of:
What imaging test is done for patients with severe symptomatology when rapid diagnosis needed?
Drug for treating Pseudomembranous colitis
What's the difference between Antibiotic-associated colitis and antibiotic associated pseudomembranous colitis?
Pseudomembranous colitis is a very severse case of antibiotic-associated colitis. It has yellow adherent plaques as well