GI: Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Operative Terms Flashcards Preview

Med Terms > GI: Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Operative Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in GI: Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Operative Terms Deck (102):
1

loss of apetite

anorexia

2

inability to swallow

aphagia

3

accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity

ascites

4

in the cheek

buccal

5

infrequent or incomplete bowel movements characterized by hardened, dry stool that is difficult to pass

constipation

6

frequent loose or liquid stools

diarrhea

7

indigestion

dyspepsia

8



difficulty in swallowing

dysphagia

9

belch

eructation

10



gas in the stomach or intestines

flatulence

11



bad breath

halitosis

12

red blood in the stool

hematochezia

13

vomiting blood

hematemesis

14

enlargement of the liver

hepatomegaly

15

excessive level of bilirubin in the blood

hyperbilirubinemia

16

yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera, and other tissues caused by excessive bilirubin in the blood

icterus/jaundice

17

dark-colored, tarry stool caused by old blood

melena

18

sick in the stomach

nausea

19

feces containing fat

steatorrhea

20

under the tongue

sublingual/hypoglossal

21

inflammation of the mouth

stomatitis

22

inflammation of a salivary gland

sialoadenitis

23

inflammation of the parotid gland; also called mumps

parotitis (parotiditis)

24

inflammation of the lip

cheilitis

25

inflammation of the tongue

glossitis

26

tongue-tie; a defect of the tongue characterized by a short, thick frenulum

ankyloglossia

27

inflammation of the gums

gingivitis

28

swollen, twisted veins in the esophagus especially susceptible to ulceration and hemorrhage

esophageal varices

29

inflammation of the stomach

esophagitis

30

backflow of stomach contents into the esophagus, often as a result of abnormal function of the lower esophageal sphincter; causes burning pain in the esophagus

gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

31

narrowed condition of the pylorus

pyloric stenosis

32



a sore on the mucous membrane of the stomach, duodenum, or any other part of the gastrointestinal system exposed to gastric juices; commonly caused by infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria

peptic ulcer disease (PUD)

33



ulcer located in the stomach

gastric ulcer

34

ulcer located in the duodenum

duodenal ulcer

35

inflammation of the stomach and small intestine

gastroenteritis

36

inflammation of the small intestine

enteritis

37

inflammation of the lower portion of the small intestine

ileitis

38

inflammation of the colon (large intestine)

colitis

39

chronic inflammation of the colon along with ulcerations

ulcerative colitis

40

a by-way; an abnormal side pocket in the gastrointestinal tract usually related to a lack of dietary fiber

diverticulum

41

presence of diverticula in the gastrointestinal tract, especially in the bowel

diverticulosis

42

inflammation of diverticula

diverticulitis

43

inflammation of the intestine characterized by frequent, bloody stools, most often caused by bacteria or protozoa

dysentery

44

inflammation of the appendix

appendicitis

45

protrusion of a part from its normal location

hernia

46

protrusion of part of the stomach upward through the hiatal opening in the diaphragm

hiatal hernia

47

protrusion of a loop of the intestine through layers of the abdominal wall in the inguinal region

inguinal hernia

48

hernia that is swollen and fixed within a sac, causing an obstruction

incarcerated hernia

49

hernia that is constricted, cut off from circulation, and likely to become gangrenous

strangulated hernia

50



protrusion of the intestine through a weakness in the abdominal wall around the umbilicus (navel)

umbilical hernia

51

prolapse of one part of the intestine into the lumen of the adjoining part

intussusception

52

twisting of the bowel on itself, causing obstruction

volvulus

53

multiple polyps in the intestine and rectum with a high malignancy potential

polyposis

54

tumor on a stalk

polyp

55

inflammation of the rectum and anus

proctitis

56

abnormal tube-like passageway from the anus that may connect with the rectum

anal fistula

57

swollen, twisted vein (varicosity) in the anal region

hemorrhoid

58

inflammation of the peritoneum

peritonitis

59

inflammation of the liver

hepatitis

60

infectious inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV), usually transmitted orally through fecal contamination of food or water

hepatitis A

61



infectious inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) that is transmitted sexually or by exposure to contaminated blood or body fluids

hepatits B

62



inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmitted by exposure to infected blood (rarely contracted sexually)

hepatitis C

63

chronic disease characterized by degeneration of liver tissue, most often caused by alcoholism or a nutritional deficiency

cirrhosis

64

inflammation of the bile ducts

cholangitis

65

inflammation of the gallbladder

cholecystitis

66



presence of stones in the gallbladder or bile ducts

cholelithiasis

67



presence of stones in the common bile duct

choledocholithiasis

68

inflammation of the pancreas

pancreatitis

69

treatment of morbid obesity by surgery to the stomach and/or intestines; procedures include restrictive techniques that limit the size of the stomach and malabsorptive techniques that limit the absorption of food

bariatric surgery

70

repair of the lip

cheiloplasty

71

excision of all or part of the tongue

glossectomy

72

suture of the tongue

glossorrhaphy

73

repair of the esophagus

esophagoplasty

74

partial or complete removal of the stomach

gastrectomy

75

partial removal and repair of the stomach

gastric resection

76

puncture of the abdomen for aspiration of fluid

abdominocentesis/paracentesis

77

incision into the abdomen

laparotomy

78

abdominal surgery using a laparoscope

laparoscopic surgery

79

repair of hernia

herniorrhaphy/hernioplasty

80

creation of an opening in the colon through the abdominal wall to create an abdominal anus allowing stool to bypass a diseased portion of the colon; performed to treat ulcerative colitis, cancer, or obstructions

colostomy

81

union of two hollow vessels; used in bowel surgery

anastomosis

82

surgical creation of an opening on the abdomen to which the end of the ileum is attached, providing a passageway for ileal discharges; performed after removal of the colon

ileostomy

83

excision of a diseased appendix

appendenctomy

84

removal of the appendix during abdominal surgery for another procedure (eg; hysterectomy)

incidental appendectomy

85

excision of polyps

polypectomy

86

repair of the anus and rectum

proctoplasty

87

excision of an anal fistula

anal fistulectomy

88

excision of hemorrhoids

hemorrhoidectomy

89

excision of a lobe of the liver

hepatic lobectomy

90

excision of the gallbladder

cholecystectomy

91

excision of the gallbladder through a laparoscope

laparoscopic cholecystectomy

92

incision for removal of gallstones

cholelithotomy

93

incision of the common bile duct for extraction of gallstones

choledocholithotomy

94

crushing of gallstones

cholelithotripsy

95

excision of the pancreas

pancreatectomy

96

PUD

peptic ulcer disease

97

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

98

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

99

UGI

upper GI

100

LGI

lower GI

101

EGD

esoophagogastroduodenoscopy

102

NG

nasogastric